Grangemouth, a rising port in Stirlingshire, 3 miles ENE. of Falkirk. Founded in 1777, and erected into a police-burgh in 1872, Grangemouth has extensive quays and warehouses, docks (including a large one opened in 1882), a graving-dock, and shipbuilding yards. The trade of the port has risen very rapidly. In 1840 the shipping entering and clearing it was 31,686 tons annually ; in 1876, 840,326; since 1904 it has exceeded 2,230,000 tons - the port then ranking fifth in importance in Scotland. Since 1887 there has been a regular line of passenger-steamers between Grangemouth and London, owned by the Carron Iron Company, whose works are within 2 miles of the port. The principal imports are timber, hemp, flax, tallow, deals, iron, and grain; and the exports are manufactured iron, and coal. At Grangemouth some of the earliest experiments in steam-navigation were made, the Charlotte Dundas being built there in 1801. Pop. (1831) 1155 ; (1871) 2569 ; (1891) 6354 ; (1901) 8386.

Gran Sasso dItalia

Gran Sasso d'Italia ('Great Rock of Italy'), or Monte Corno, from its resemblance to a horn on the east, is situated on the borders of the Abruzzi, between Teramo and Aquila. It is the highest summit (9574 feet) of the Apennines.


Granson, or Grandson, an ancient town in Switzerland, on the Lake of Neuchatel, 21 miles SW. of Neuchatel; pop. 1762. Here in 1476 the Swiss defeated Charles the Bold.


Grantchester, a village on the Cam, 2 1/2 miles SSW. of Cambridge. Pop. of parish, 1196.

Grant Land

Grant Land, a North Polar region, north of Grinnell Land, between 81° and 83° N. lat, discovered by Hayes, Hall, and Nares in 1875, and partly explored by Nares, who wintered here.


Granton, a harbour on the Firth of Forth, 3 miles NNW. of Edinburgh. It was constructed by the Duke of Buccleuch in 1835-45 at, a cost of nearly a quarter of a million.


Grantown, a village of Elginshire, § mile from the Spey's left bank, and 142 miles by rail N. by W. of Edinburgh. Founded in 1776, and a police-burgh since 1890, it is surrounded by pine woods, and is a holiday and health resort. Pop. 1523.


Granville, a fortified seaport in the French dep. of La Manche, on a rocky promontory in the English Channel, 23 miles NE. of St Malo. The industries include fishing, shipbuilding, tanning, and the manufacture of brandy, chemicals, and iron-ware. Pop. 10,500.


Graslitz, a town of Bohemia, on the Saxon border, 142 miles WNW. of Prague. Pop. 11,800.


Grasmere, a Westmorland village, 4 miles NW. of Ambleside. There are four hotels. Pop. 784. Its antique church is the church of the Excursion ; and in the churchyard, washed by the Rothay, are the graves of Wordsworth and Hartley Coleridge. 'Grasmere's peaceful lake,' with its ' one green island,' lies 1/2 mile to the south, between Loughrigg Fell (1101 feet) and Helm Crag (1299). Measuring 1 1/4 by 1/2 mile, it is 208 feet above sea-level, and 130 feet deep.