Neviansk, a town in the Russian government of Perm, 50 miles N. of Ekaterinburg by rail, stands on the Siberian side of the Ural Mountains, and on a tributary of the Tobol. The district is rich in gold and iron. Pop. 16,066.

Nevilles Cross

Neville's Cross, 1 1/4 mile SW. of Durham, the scene of the defeat and capture of David Bruce, 17th October 1346.


Nevin, a Carnarvonshire fishing-town on Carnarvon Bay, 5 miles NW. of Pwllheli. It is one of the six Carnarvon boroughs. Pop. 1798.


Nevis, one of the British Leeward Islands, 2 miles SE. of St Kitts, with which it is administratively connected. It is circular in form, rises in the centre to a wooded ancient crater (3200 feet), and has an area of 50 sq. m. Sugar is the principal crop, and limes and oranges are grown. Pop. (1881) 11,864; (1903) 13,300. The capital is the port of Charlestown (pop. 1500). Nevis was discovered by Columbus in 1498, colonised by England in 1628, and long a great slave-mart. It has suffered much from hurricanes and earthquakes.


Nevis, Ben. See Ben Nevis.


Nevis, Loch, a sea-inlet of West Inverness-shire, 14 miles long and 1 to 4 miles broad.


Newabbey, a Kirkcudbrightshire parish, 8 miles S. of Dumfries, with the beautiful ruins of New or Sweetheart Abbey, founded for Cistercians by Deverguila in 1275.

New Albany

New Albany, capital of Floyd county, Indiana, on the north bank of the Ohio River, nearly opposite Louisville, and 317 miles by rail S. by E. of Chicago, 267 E. of St Louis. It contains iron and brass foundries, rolling-mills, potteries and brick-yards, flour, woollen, cotton, and planing mills, etc. ; while its plate-glass works are the largest in the United States. Pop. (1880) 16,423 ; (1900) 20,630.

New Almaden

New Almaden. See Almaden.

New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam. See New York, St Paul.

Newbattle Abbey

Newbattle Abbey, Midlothian, 1 mile S. by W. of Dalkeith, the seat of the Marquis of Lothian, on the site of a Cistercian monastery (1140). Andrew Cant and Robert Leighton were ministers of Newbattle.

New Bedford

New Bedford, a city and port of entry of Massachusetts, is on the Acushnet estuary (here crossed by a bridge 4000 feet long), 3 miles N. of Buzzard's Bay and 56 by rail S. of Boston. The public buildings include a city-hall of granite, a custom-house, a public library, and a fine high school (.$126,000). There is a broad drive (4 miles) round Clark's Point, where there is a granite fort. For a century (1755-1854) New Bedford was the chief centre of the American whale-fisheries, sending out more than 400 whaling-vessels. Besides several great cotton-mills, it has foundries, oil-refineries, and manufactories of drills, cordage, boots, flour, glass, plated ware, carriages, candles, etc. Pop. (1880) 26,845 ; (1900) 62,412.


Newborn, capital of Craven county, North Carolina, at the junction of the navigable Neuse and the Trent (here crossed by a long bridge), 107 miles by rail SE. of Raleigh. It manufactures railroad-cars, cotton-seed oil, and wood-pulp, and does oyster-canning. Pop. 9843.