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A Handbook of Useful Drugs | by State Medical Examining and Licensing Boards



It is generally recognized that a considerable proportion of the articles in the Pharmacopeia of the United States and in the National Formulary are worthless or superfluous. Repeated efforts have been made to eliminate at least the more objectionable of these articles. These efforts, however, have failed because they have uniformly encountered the objection that the articles or preparations are used by some physicians and therefore should be recognized and authoritatively defined. The Council on Medical Education and the Confederation of State Examining and Licensing Boards have been trying to restrict instruction and examination in materia medica to the more important drugs. These efforts have suggested the desirability of selecting a fundamental list of drugs with which all medical students and practitioners might be expected to be familiar and to which, therefore, state examining and licensing boards might largely or entirely confine their examinations in materia medica.

TitleA Handbook of Useful Drugs
AuthorState Medical Examining and Licensing Boards
PublisherPress Of The American Medical Association
Year1913
Copyright1913, State Medical Examining and Licensing Boards

A Handbook of Useful Drugs

A Selected List of Important Drugs Suggested for the Use of

Teachers of Materia Medica and Therapeutics and to

Serve as a Basis for the Examination in Therapeutics

by State Medical Examining and Licensing Boards

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION AND SUPERVISION OF THE

COUNCIL ON PHARMACY AND CHEMISTRY

OF THE

AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

PRESS OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

535 North Dearborn Street, Chicago

1914

[Authority to use for comment the Pharmacopeia of the United States of America, eighth decennial revision, in this volume, has been granted by the Board of Trustees of the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, which Board of Trustees is in no way responsible for the accuracy of any translation of the official weights and measures, or for any statement as to the strength of official preparations.]

COPYRIGHT, 1913

American Medical Association

-Preface
It is generally recognized that a considerable proportion of the articles in the Pharmacopeia of the United States and in the National Formulary are worthless ...
-Statement Of Solubility
For ease of reference the solubility of official articles is indicated in approximate terms in accordance with the following equivalents: Substances that are ...
-Acacia. Acacia, U. S. P., Gum Arabic.
A gummy exudation from Acacia Senegal and other species of acacia. Properties : Acacia occurs in colorless or pale yellowish, opaque, brittle, inodorous tears ...
-Mucilago Acaciae. Mucilage Of Acacia, U. S. P.
A 34 per cent, solution of Acacia in a mixture of water and lime-water. Action and Uses: Acacia and its mucilage are used as demulcents and suspending agents ...
-Acetanilidum. Acetanilid, U. S. P., C6h3nh(Ch3co).
Acetanilid is the monacetyl derivative of anilin, C6H5NH2. Properties : Acetanilid is an odorless, crystalline powder, having a slightly burning taste. It is ...
-Acetphenetidinum. Acetphenetidin, U. S. P., Phenacetin, C6h4 (Oc2h5) .NH (Ch3co).
Acetphenetidin differs from acetanilid in containing the ethoxyl group C2H50. Properties : Acetphenetidin occurs as white, crystalline scales or a crystalline ...
-Acidum Aceticum. Acetic Acid, U. S. P.
A solution containing 36 per cent, by weight of absolute acetic acid (H.C2H3O2) =CH3COOH. (In some European countries a preparation comparable to glacial ...
-Acidum Benzoicum. Benzoic Acid, U. S. P.
An organic acid, (HC7H502) =C H5.COOH, obtained from benzoin, by sublimation, or prepared artificially. Properties : Benzoic acid occurs as colorless or almost ...
-Acidum Boricum. Boric Acid, U. S. P. Boracic Acid (Obsolete) (H3b03)=B(Oh)3.
Properties : Boric acid forms transparent, colorless scales or a light, unctuous, very fine powder. It is odorless, has a faintly bitter taste and is slowly ...
-Acidum Citricum. Citric Acid, U. S. P.
A tribasic organic acid, H3C6H507,H20, usually prepared from the juice of limes or lemons. Properties : Citric acid forms colorless, transparent crystals: ...
-Acidum Hydrochloricum. Hydrochloric Acid, U. S. P.. Muriatic Acid.
A fuming corrosive liquid containing 31.9 per cent, of hydrogen chlorid, HC1.
-Acidum Hydrochloricum Dilutum. Diluted Hydrochloric Acid, U. S. P.
A solution containing 10 per cent, of hydrogen chlorid. HC1. Properties : Diluted hydrochloric acid is a colorless, odorless, strongly acid aqueous solution; ...
-Acidum Hydrocyanicum Dilutum. Diluted Hydrocyanic Acid, U. S. P.
This preparation in all the leading pharmacopeias of the world, is now uniformly directed to contain 2 per cent, of hydrogen cyanid, HCN. Properties : It ...
-Acidum Nitricum. Nitric Acid, U. S. P.
A liquid containing about 68 per cent., by weight, of hydrogen nitrate, HNO3. Properties : Nitric acid is colorless, fuming, very caustic and corrosive and has ...
-Acidum Salicylicum. Salicylic Acid, U. S. P.
An organic acid, HC7H5O3 = C6H4.OH.COOH, generally prepared synthetically from phenol. Properties : It occurs as fine, white needles or a bulky, white ...
-Acidum Tannicum. Tannic Acid, U. S. P., Tannin.
An organic acid, HC14H908, obtained from nutgall. Properties : Tannic acid occurs as a light yellowish, amorphous powder, gradually turning darker when exposed ...
-Glyceritum Acidi Tannici. Glycerite Of Tannic Acid, U. S. P.
A 20 Per Cent. Solution Of Tannic Acid In Glycerin. Dosage: 1 c.c. or 15 minims corresponding to 0.2 gm. or 3 grains of tannic acid. This preparation is ...
-Tannalbin. Tannalbin, N. N. R., Albumin Tannate.
It is insoluble in gastric juice and becomes effective when it reaches the intestine. Dosage: 2 gm. or 30 grains.
-Aconitum. Aconite, U. S. P.
The tuberous root of Aconitum napellus L. Action and Uses: Aconite slows the pulse and thus lowers the blood-pressure. The nervous system is first stimulated ...
-Tinctura Aconiti. Tincture Of Aconite, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. of the drug in approximately 65 per cent. of alcohol. Externally it is useful as a local application for the relief of ...
-Adeps Lard, U. S. P.
True fats, chiefly those of animal origin, form an important class of ointment bases. They are especially valuable when penetrating ointments are desired for ...
-Adeps Benzoinatus. Benzoinated Lard, U. S. P.
Benzoinated lard is made by incorporating with lard 2 per cent. of benzoin and straining.
-Adeps Lanae Hydrosus. Hydrous Wool Fat, U. S. P., Lanolin.
This preparation is made by mixing the purified fat of sheep's wool with water in a proportion not to exceed 3 parts of the latter to 7 parts of the former.
-Aether. Ether, U. S. P.
A liquid composed of about 96 per cent., by weight, of absolute ether, (C2H3)2O, and about 4 per cent. of alcohol, C2H5OH. Properties : It Is volatile, ...
-Aether Nitrosus. Used Only In The Form Of:
Spiritus Aetheris Nitrosi. Spirit Of Nitrous Ether, U. S. P., Sweet Spirits Of Niter. A solution of not less than 4 per cent. of ethyl nitrite, C2H5N02, in ...
-Aethylis Chloridum. Ethyl Chlorid, U. S. P.
Properties : It is a colorless and very volatile liquid having an agreeable odor and a sweetish, burning taste. It should be preserved in hermetically sealed ...
-Aethyl-Morphinae Hydrochloridum. Ethyl-Morphin Hydrochlorid, N. N. R., Dionin.
Properties : Ethyl-morphin is an artificial base obtained by the action of ethyl iodid on morphin in the presence of an alkali. It occurs as a white, ...
-Alcohol. Alcohol, U. S. P.
In European pharmacopeias it is usually designated as Spiritus, and varies considerably in strength. Properties : The official U. S. P. alcohol is a colorless ...
-Elixir Aromaticum. Aromatic Elixir, U. S. P.
An aromatic and sweetened liquid containing about 25 per cent, of alcohol, by volume.
-Aloes. Aloe, U. S. P.
The inspissated juice of various species of Aloe is included in all the pharmacopeias. It is used in its original form, as a watery extract or as a purified ...
-Aloinum. Aloin, U. S. P.
Dosage: Purgative dose 0.05 gm. or 1 grain. In the treatment of chronic constipation aloin is frequently given in doses of from 0.005 to 0.02 gm. or 1/10 to 1/ ...
-Alumen. Alum, U. S. P.
Crystallized potassium aluminum sulphate, A1K(S04)2 12H20. Properties : Alum occurs as colorless crystals or a white powder without odor, but having a strongly ...
-Alumen Exsiccatum. Exsiccated Alum, U. S. P.
A powder representing about twice its weight of the crystallized alum; it is sometimes used externally as a dusting powder or in the form of ointments.
-Alumini Acetas. Aluminum Acetate
Used Principally In The Form Of: Liquor Alumini Acetatis. Solution Of Aluminum Acetate, N. F. Properties : A clear, colorless solution, containing from 7.5 to ...
-Ammonium Compounds
Ammonium compounds are divisible into two classes. In the first class the ammonium is combined with a strong acid such as hydrochloric or sulphuric. These form ...
-Aqua Ammoniae Ammonia Water, U. S. P.
An aqueous solution, containing about 10 per cent, by weight of ammonia (NH3). On standing, this solution loses ammonia and hence should be kept in well- ...
-Linimentum Ammonia. Ammonia Liniment, U. S. P.
A mixture of ammonia water 35 parts, alcohol 5 parts and a fatty oil 60 parts.
-Ammonii Acetas. Ammonium Acetate.
Used chiefly in the form of: Liquor Ammonii Acetatis. Solution Of Ammonium Acetate, U. S. P. An aqueous solution containing about 7 per cent. of ammonium ...
-Ammonii Carbonas. Ammonium Carbonate, U. S. P.
Ammonium carbonate consists of a mixture of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate. Properties : It occurs as white, hard masses, having a strong odor of ...
-Spiritus Ammoniae Aromaticus. Aromatic Spirit Of Ammonia, U. S. P.
A solution of ammonium carbonate with some free ammonia and aromatic oils in alcohol. Action and Uses : The same as those of Ammonium Carbonate. Dosage: From 1 ...
-Ammonii Chloridum. Ammonium Chlorid, U. S. P., Nh4cl.
Properties : Ammonium chlorid usually occurs as a white, crystalline powder, without odor, having a cooling, saline taste. It is freely soluble in water (1:2), ...
-Nitrites
The Nitrites used in medicine are certain salts or esters of nitrous acid and possess a common pharmacologic action. This group also includes certain organic ...
-Amylis Nitris. Amyl Nitrite, U. S. P.
Properties : A liquid containing about 80 per cent, of amyl (chiefly isoamyl) nitrite. It should be kept in hermetically sealed glass bulbs or in dark, amber- ...
-Amylum. Starch Corn-Starch, U. S. P.
The starch grains obtained from the fruit of Zea mays occur in the form of powder or irregular, angular, white masses, insoluble in both water and alcohol, but ...
-Antimonii Et Potassii Tartras. Antimony And Potassium Tartrate, U. S. P., Tartar Emetic.
Antimony and potassium tartrate is a double salt of antimony and potassium with the radical of tartaric acid. Properties : It occurs as a white powder or as ...
-Vinum Antimonii, Wine Of Antimony, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. contain 0.4 gm. of antimony and potassium tartrate in white wine fortified by alcohol. This preparation is practically identical with the ...
-Apomorphinae Hydrochloridum. Apomorphine Hydrochlorid, U. S. P.
The hydrochlorid of an artificial alkaloid prepared from morphin by the abstraction of one molecule of water. Properties : Apomorphin hydrochlorid occurs as ...
-Antipyrina. Antipyrine, U. S. P.
This substance is described in the British Pharmacopeia as phenazonum and in the German Pharmacopeia and some other European pharmacopeias as pyrazolonum ...
-Aqua. Water, U. S. P.
Water is described by the pharmacopeia as potable water in its purest obtainable state. Water used for medicines should be sterile; It is preferable to use: ...
-Argenti Nitras. Silver Nitrate, U. S. P., Lunar Caustic.
Properties : Silver nitrate, AgN03, occurs in colorless, crystal-line tables, becoming gray, or grayish black on exposure to light in the presence of organic ...
-Argenti Nitras Fusus. Molded Silver Nitrate, U. S. P.
A white, hard solid generally in the form of pencils or cones. A small amount of silver chlorid is added in the process for the purpose of toughening the mass.
-Arseni Trioxidum. Arsenic Trioxid, U. S. P., As2o3.
Formerly official as Arsenous Acid Properties : Arsenic trioxid occurs as an opaque, white powder or in irregular masses of two varieties, one amorphous, the ...
-Liquor Potassii Arsenitis. Solution Of Potassium Arsenite, U. S. P., Fowler's Solution
An aqueous solution containing potassium arsenite, corresponding to 1 per cent, of arsenic trioxid. Dosage: 0.2 c.c. or 3 minims This solution is often ...
-Liquor Acidi Arsenosi. Solution Of Arsenous Acid., U. S. P.
An aqueous solution containing the equivalent of 1 per cent, of arsenic trioxid with 5 per cent, of hydrochloric acid. Dosage: 0.2 c.c. or 3 minims.
-Liquor Arseni Et Hydrargyri Iodidi. Solution Of Arsenous And Mercuric Iodids, U. S. P.
Commonly designated as Donovan's solution; represents 1 per cent, of arsenous iodid and 1 per cent, of mercuric iodid. Dosage: 0.1 c.c. or 1 minims.
-Asafoetida. Asafetida, U. S. P.
A gum resin obtained from the roots of Ferula foetida and probably other species of Ferula. Properties : A good quality of asafetida should contain not less ...
-Aspidium. Aspidium, U. S. P., Male Fern.
The dried rhizome of several species of Dryopteris; used only in the form of: Oleoresina Aspidii. Oleoresin Of Aspidium, U. S. P. An oleoresin prepared by ...
-Aspirin. Aspirin, N. N. R., Acetylsalicylic Acid, C6h4o(Ch3co) Cooh.
The acetic acid ester of salicylic acid. Properties : Aspirin occurs as a crystalline, odorless powder with a faintly acidulous taste. It is slightly soluble ...
-Atropina. Atropine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from Atropa belladonna and from other solanaceous plants. Properties : The alkaloid itself is only slightly soluble in water and is ...
-Atropinae Sulphas. Atropine Sulphate, U. S. P.
Properties : Atropin sulphate occurs as a white, crystalline powder or microscopic crystals which are odorless, but have a very bitter, nauseating taste.
-Balsamum Peruvianum. Balsam Of Peru, U. S. P.
A balsam obtained from a tree, Toluifera Pereirae; it contains traces of cinnamic and benzoic acids and their esters and resins. Action and Uses : Balsam of ...
-Isamum Tolutanum. Balsam Of Tolu, U. S. P.
A balsam obtained from Toluifera Balsamum, a tree indigenous to New Granada. Properties : Balsam of Tolu occurs as a yellowish-brown, plastic solid, becoming ...
-Syrupus Tolutanus. Syrup Of Tolu, U. S. P.
A saturated solution of the aromatic constituents of balsam of Tolu in syrup. Action and Uses: Syrup of Tolu is much used as a vehicle for expectorant mixtures.
-Belladonnae Folia. Belladonna Leaves, U. S. P.
The dried leaves of Atropa Belladonna, yielding by the process outlined in the pharmacopeia, not less than 0.3 per cent, of mydriatic alkaloids, chiefly ...
-Tinctura Belladonnae Foliorum. Tincture Of Belladonna Leaves, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. of the drug. Incompatibilities: The tincture should not be prescribed with alkalies. Dosage: 0.5 c.c. or 8 minims, ...
-Extractum Belladonnae Foliorum. Extract Of Belladonna Leaves, U. S. P.
A hydro-alcoholic extract of belladonna leaves. Dosage: 0.01 gm. or 1/5 grain, corresponding approximately to 0.00015 gm. or 1/400 grain of mydriatic alkaloids.
-Emplastrum Belladonnae. Belladonna Plaster, U. S. P.
This represents approximately 30 per cent, of extract of belladonna. The commercial and widely used plasters are not identical with that described in the ...
-Unguentum Belladonnae. Belladonna Ointment, U. S. P.
An ointment containing 10 per cent, of extract of bella-donna in a mixture of hydrous wool fat and benzoinated lard.
-Benzoinum. Benzoin, U. S. P.
A balsamic resin obtained from several species of Styrax trees indigenous to Siam, Sumatra and Java. Properties : Benzoin contains benzoic acid, cinnamic acid ...
-Tinctura Benzoinae Composita. Compound Tincture Of Benzoin, U. S. P.
A mixture of the alcohol-soluble constituents of benzoin. 10 gm.; aloes, 2 gm.; storax, 8 gm, and balsam of Tolu, 4 gm., in sufficient alcohol to make 100 c.c.
-Benzosulphinidum. Benzolsulphinid, Saccharin, U. S. P.
The anhydrid of ortho-sulphamid-benzoic acid (Benzo-sulphonic-imid). Properties : Benzosulphinimid is a white, crystalline powder, nearly odorless, having an ...
-Betanaphthol. Betanaphthol, U. S. P. (Naphthol, U. S. P. 1890).
Betanaphthol is a phenol found in coaltar, but usually manufactured from naphthalene. Properties : It occurs as colorless, or pale buff-colored, crystal-line ...
-Bismuthi Subcarbonas. Bismuth Subcarbonate, U. S. P.
A basic carbonate of bismuth of somewhat varying composition, some specimens being more basic than others. Properties : Bismuth subcarbonate is practically ...
-Bismuthi Subgallas. Bismuth Subgallate, U. S. P., Dermatol.
A basic gallate of bismuth of somewhat varying composition, containing bismuth equivalent to from 52 to 57 per cent, of bismuth oxid. Properties : Bismuth ...
-Bismuth Subnitras. Bismuth Subnitrate, U. S. P.
Bismuth subnitrate is a basic bismuth nitrate of somewhat varying chemical composition. Properties : Bismuth subnitrate occurs as a heavy, white, odorless and ...
-Bismuthi Subsalicylas. Bismuth Subsalicylate, U. S. P.
Properties : Bismuth subsalicylate occurs as a white or nearly white amorphous crystalline powder, odorless and tasteless. It is practically insoluble in cold ...
-Cachetae Cachets
Cachets, or wafers, are made by pressing a mixture of flour, or starch and water between hot iron plates, and are used much in the same way as capsules for ...
-Caffeina. Caffein, U. S. P.
A feebly basic alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of Thea sinensis or from the dried seeds of Coffea arabica and also found in other plants. Tea contains ...
-Caffeina Citrata. Citrated Caffein, U. S. P.
A mixture of equal parts of caffein and citric acid. Properties : Citrated caffein is a white odorless powder having a slightly bitter taste and an acid ...
-Caffeinae Sodio-Benzoas. Caffein Sodio-Benzoate, N. F.
A mixture of equal parts of caffein and sodium benzoate. Properties: It is freely soluble (1 : 2) in water and is well adapted for administration in solution ...
-Calcii Carbonas Praecipitatus. Precipitated Calcium Carbonate. U. S. P., Precipitated Chalk, Cac03.
Calcium carbonate, obtained by precipitating a solution of a salt of calcium by a soluble carbonate, collecting and washing the precipitate and drying.
-Calcii Chloridum. Calcium Chlorid, U. S. P., Cacl2.
Properties : Calcium chlorid occurs as white, translucent fragments, which are odorless and have a sharp saline taste. It is very deliquescent and should be ...
-Calcii Hypophosphis. Calcium Hypophosphite, U. S. P., Ca(Ph202)2.
Properties : Calcium hypophosphite occurs as colorless, transparent prisms, small lustrous scales or a white crystalline powder, which is odorless and has a ...
-Calcii Lactas. Calcium Lactate, N. N. R.
Properties Calcium lactate occurs in white crystalline masses or powder, and is odorless and tasteless. It is soluble in water (1: 10) but very slightly ...
-Calcii Phosphas Praecipitatus. Precipitated Calcium Phosphate, U. S. P., Ca3( Po4)2.
Properties : Precipitated calcium phosphate occurs as a bulky, white, amorphous powder that is odorless and tasteless. It is practically insoluble in water and ...
-Calx. Lime, Calcium Oxid, U. S. P., Cao.
Properties : Calcium oxid occurs as hard, white or grayish-white masses, which, in contact with the air. gradually attract moisture and carbon dioxid and fall ...
-Liquor Calcis. Lime-Water, Solution Of Calcium Hydroxide, U. S. P.
A saturated solution of calcium hydroxid containing about 0.14 per cent, of Ca(OH)2. Properties : Lime-water is a clear, colorless liquid without odor, and has ...
-Linimentum Calcis. Lime Liniment, U. S. P.
This is more popularly known as carron oil from the name of the iron works, in england, where it originated. Properties : It is essentially a mixture of equal ...
-Calx Chlorinata. Chlorinated Lime, Chlorinated Calcium Oxid. U. S. P., Bleaching Powder.
Bleaching powder, often improperly called chlorid of lime, is a variable compound resulting from the action of chlorin on calcium hydroxid. It should contain ...
-Liquor Sodae Chlorinatae. Solution Of Chlorinated Soda, U. S. P., Labarraque's Solution.
An aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite and sodium chlorid containing at least 2.4 per cent, of available chlorin. It is made by decomposing a solution of ...
-Camphora. Camphor, U. S. P.
A ketone C9H16CO obtained from Cinnamomum Camphora, purified by sublimation. Properties : Camphor occurs as white translucent masses of a tough consistence and ...
-Aqua Camphorae. Camphor Water, U. S. P.
A saturated solution of camphor in distilled water. It is a very weak preparation. Camphor water is often used as a vehicle for collyria. Dosage: 10 c.c. or ...
-Spiritus Camphorae. Spirit Of Camphor, U. S. P.
One Hundred C.c. Contain 10 Gm. Camphor In Alcohol. Dosage: 1 c.c. or 15 minims.
-Linimentum Camphorae. Camphpr Liniment. U. S. P.
Camphorated Oil. One hundred c.c. contain 20 gm. camphor in cottonseed oil, but a more limpid oil may be preferred, particularly if the preparation is to be ...
-Cannabis Indica. Indian Cannabis, U. S. P.
The dried flowering tops of the pistillate plants of Cannabis sativa, grown in the East Indies and gathered while the fruits are yet undeveloped, and carrying ...
-Cantharis. Cantharides, U. S. P.
The beetle Cantharis vesicatoria, Spanish fly, thoroughly dried. Action and Uses : Cantharides is very irritating to the intestinal canal, producing hyperemia ...
-Ceratum Cantharidis. Cantharides Cerate, U. S. P.
This contains 32 per cent, of cantharides. Ceratum cantharidis may be used for the purpose of vesication, but the blistering plasters commonly put up by ...
-Capsicum. Capsicum, U. S. P.
The dried, ripe fruit of Capsicum fastigiatum. Action and Uses: Capsicum is carminative, stimulant and rubefacient. It is frequently prescribed in atonic ...
-Tinctura Capsici. Tincture Of Capsicum, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. of the drug in approximately 90 per cent, alcohol. Dosage: 0.5 c.c. or 7 minims.
-Capsulae Capsules
Capsules, either hard or soft, are made of gelatin molded over a suitable object. Hard capsules, made in different sizes, have long been used for administering ...
-Carbo Ligni. Charcoal, U. S. P.
Prepared from soft wood and very finely powdered. Properties : Charcoal is a black, odorless and tasteless powder, free from gritty matter. Actions and Uses: ...
-Cardamomum. Cardamom, U. S. P.
The dried nearly ripe fruit of Elettaria repens. Action and Uses: Cardamom is used as an aromatic, carminative and stomachic.
-Tinctura Cardamomi. Tincture Of Cardamom.
Represents 20 per cent, of cardamom in diluted alcohol. This preparation should not be confounded with compound tincture of cardamom, which is a comparatively ...
-Caryophyllus. Cloves, U. S. P.
The dried flower buds of Eugenia aromatica.
-Oleum Caryophylli. Oil Of Cloves, U. S. P.
A volatile oil distilled from cloves consisting largely (80 per cent.) of eugenol. Properties : Oil of cloves occurs as a colorless or pale yellow, thin liquid, ...
-Cataplasmata Poultices
Poultices are soft solid preparations used for the purpose of applying heat and moisture to localized areas of the body. This application of heat induces a ...
-Cera Alba. White Wax, U. S. P.,
Is The Bleached Form Of: Cera Flava Yellow Wax, U. S. P. A solid substance prepared from the honeycomb of the bee, Apis mellifera. In medicine wax is chiefly ...
-Cerata Cerates
Cerates are solid ointment-like preparations containing sufficient wax to prevent them from melting at the temperature of the body. For the preparation ...
-Chartae Papers
Medicated papers are pieces of absorbent paper that have been treated with medicinal substances or suitably sized paper coated with a layer of the medicinal ...
-Chloralum Hydratum. Hydrated Chloral, U. S. P. Chloral Hydrate.
A crystalline solid, CCl3CH (OH)2, the hydrate of trichlor-acetaldehyd (chloral), CCl3.CHO. Properties : Hydrated chloral occurs as colorless and transparent ...
-Chloroform. Chloroform, U. S. P.
A liquid consisting of from 99 to 99.4 per cent, of chloroform, CH.Cl3, and from 0.6 to 1 per cent, of alcohol, C2,H5OH. added as a preservative. Chloroform is ...
-Aqua Chloroformi. Chloroform Water, U. S. P.
A saturated aqueous solution of chloroform containing approximately 1 part in 200. Dosage: It may be made extemporaneously by adding a few drops of chloroform ...
-Spiritus Chloroformi. Spirit Of Chloroform, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. contain 6 c.c. of chloroform in alcohol. Dosage: 2 c.c. or 30 minims containing 0.12 c.c. or 2 minims of chloroform.
-Linimentum Chloroformi. Chloroform Liniment, U. S. P.
A 30 Per Cent, Solution Of Chloroform In Soap Liniment.
-Chromii Trioxidum. Chromium Trioxid, U. S. P., Cro3.
This is more popularly, though incorrectly, termed chromic acid and should contain not less than 90 per cent, of CrO3. Properties : Chromium trioxid occurs as ...
-Chrysarobinum. Chrysarobin, U. S. P.
A neutral principle extracted from Goa powder, a substance found deposited in the wood of Vouacapoua Araroba. Properties : Chrysarobin is a pale orange-yellow, ...
-Unguentum Chrysarobini. Chrysarobin Ointment, U. S. P.
Representing a solution of about 5 per cent, of chrysarobin in benzoinated lard.
-Cinchona. Cinchona, U. S. P.
The dried bark of different species, principally hybrids, of Cinchona yielding not less than 5 per cent, of anhydrous cinchona alkaloids, the chief of which is ...
-Tinctura Cinchonae. Tincture Of Cinchona, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent about 20 gm. cinchona in a mixture of alcohol, water and glycerol. Dosage: 4 c.c. or 1 fluidram
-Tinctura Cinchonae Composita. Compound Tincture Of Cinchona, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. red cinchona with bitter orange peel and serpentaria, as aromatics, in a mixture of alcohol, water and glycerol. Dosage: 4 c.
-Cinnamomum. Cinnamon, U. S. P.
The commercial drug is the dried bark or inner bark of different species of Cinnamomum. Action and Uses: In medicine it is largely used as an aromatic or ...
-Oleum Cinnamomi. Oil Of Cinnamon, U. S. P.
A volatile oil containing about 75 per cent, of cinnamic aldehyd and occurring as a yellowish liquid having the characteristic odor of cinnamon and a sweetish ...
-Aqua Cinnamomi. Cinnamon Water, U. S. P.
A saturated solution of oil of cinnamon in distilled water; it is largely used as a vehicle. Dosage: 15 c.c. or 4 fluidrams.
-Cocaina. Cocaine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from several varieties of Coca. Properties : Cocain forms large colorless prisms, having a slightly bitter taste and producing on the ...
-Cocainae Hydrochloridum. Cocaine Hydrochloride, U. S. P. The Neutral Hydrochlorid Of The Alkaloid Cocain.
Incompatibilities: It is incompatible with alkalies, sodium borate and zinc sulphate. Dosage: 0.03 gm. or grain.
-Codeina. Codeine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from opium or prepared from morphin by methylation. Properties : Codein occurs as white, nearly translucent crystals or a crystalline ...
-Colchici Semen. Colchicum Seed, U. S. P.
The seed of Colchicum autumnale, assaying not less than 0.55 per cent, of colchicin. Action and Uses: Colchicum produces marked irritation of the intestines, ...
-Tinctura Colchici Seminis. Tincture Of Colchicum Seed. U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. colchicum seed in approximately 55 per cent, alcohol; it should assay approximately 0.05 per cent, of colchicin. It is ...
-Collodia Collodions
Collodions are solutions of pyroxylin (guncotton) in a mixture of ether and alcohol, or of acetone, and are intended for external application. For the ...
-Collodium. Collodion, U. S. P.
A solution containing, in 100 c.c, 4 gm of pyroxylin, or guncotton, in a mixture of 3 volumes of ether and 1 volume of alcohol. It is used as a protective and ...
-Collodium Flexile. Flexible Collodion, U. S. P.
A mixture of collodion with Canada turpentine (5 per cent.), and castor oil (3 per cent.). The addition of the small proportion of castor oil makes the ...
-Colocynthis. Colocynth, U. S. P. Bitter Apple.
The peeled dried fruit of Citrullus colocynthis. from which the seeds should be separated and rejected in making pharmacopeial preparations. Colocynth belongs ...
-Confectiones Confections
Confections, conserves or electuaries were formerly used extensively, and usually occur as soft, pasty solids consisting of active drugs mixed with sugar or ...
-Copaiba. Copaiba, U. S. P.
An oleoresin derived from one or more South American species of Copaiba. Properties : Copaiba is a pale yellow to brownish-yellow liquid, having a peculiar, ...
-Creosotum. Creosote, U. S. P.
A mixture of phenols and phenol derivatives, chiefly guaiacol and creosol, obtained during the distillation of wood-tar, preferably that derived from the beech.
-Cresol. Cresol, U. S. P.
A mixture of the three isomeric cresols obtained from coal-tar, freed from phenol, hydrocarbons and water. Cresol occurs as a straw-colored, refractive liquid, ...
-Liquor Cresolis Compositus. Compound Solution Of Cresol, U. S. P.
A mixture of equal parts of cresol and a solution of a potassium soap. Action and Uses : Compound solution of cresol has about twice the germicidal power of ...
-Cupri Sulphas. Copper Sulphate, U. S. P., Cuso45h20.
Properties : Copper sulphate forms large, transparent, deep-blue crystals, odorless, having a nauseous, metallic taste. Copper sulphate is freely soluble in ...
-Decocta Decoctions
Decoctions are aqueous preparations made by boiling vegetable substances in water and then straining.
-Diacetyl-Morphinae Hydrochloridum. Heroin Hydrochlorid. N. N. R.
The hydrochloric acid salt of diacetyl-morphin, a base formed by the action of acetic anhydrid on anhydrous morphin. Properties : Heroin hydrochlorid occurs as ...
-Digitalis Substances
This group includes as its most important members digitalis, strophanthus and squill. Others of the group are of minor importance. The drugs of the group ...
-Digitalis. Digitalis, U. S. P.
The dried leaves of Digitalis purpurea. Digitalis contains a number of glucosidal principles, the most important of which are digitoxin, digitalin and ...
-Elaterinum. Elaterin, U. S. P.
A neutral principle obtained from elaterium. a substance deposited by the juice of the fruit of Ecballium Elaterium. Properties Elaterin occurs as minute white ...
-Elixiria Elixirs
Elixirs are sweetened, aromatic, alcoholic liquids similar to cordials and having probably the same origin. For preparations included in this list see: Elixir ...
-Emplastra Plasters
Plasters are a class of solid preparations for external use and serve either as simple adhesives or as counter-irritants. The official plasters are practically ...
-Emulsa Emulsiones Emulsions
Emulsions are aqueous preparations in which oils or resins are suspended by means of mucilaginous substances.
-Enemata Clysters
An enema, or clyster, is a liquid preparation intended to be injected into the rectum.
-Epinephrina. Epinephrin, N. N. E.
The blood-pressure-raising principle of the suprarenal gland, also produced synthetically, is official in the French, Italian and Belgian Pharmacopeias as ...
-Ergota. Ergot, U. S. P.
The sclerotium of Claviceps purpurea, replacing the grain of rye. Ergot appears to owe its activity to two active principles, ergotoxin (hydroergotinin) and ...
-Fluidextractum. Ergotae. Fluidextract Of Ergot, U. S. P.
(Extractum Ergotae Fluidum, Pharm. 1890). A hydro-alcoholic extract of ergot similar to, but not identical with, the international standard fluidextract of ...
-Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus, U. S. P.
The dried leaves of Eucalyptus Globulus collected from the older parts of the tree. Eucalyptol. Eucalyptol, U. S. P. An organic oxid (cineol), obtained from ...
-Extracta Extracts
Extracts are soft solid or powdered preparations made by evaporating a solution of the soluble ingredients of vegetable drugs at a low temperature. For ...
-Fel Bovis. Oxgall, U. S. P.
The fresh bile of Bos taurus.
-Fel Bovis Purificatum. Purified Oxgall, U. S. P.
A yellowish-green, soft solid, or at the present time more frequently a yellow or greenish-yellow powder, having a peculiar odor and a bitter taste. Action and ...
-Ferri Carbonas. Ferrous Carbonate.
Properties : Ferrous carbonate is made by precipitating a solution of a soluble ferrous salt by a soluble carbonate. Such a precipitate tends to give off ...
-Massa Ferri Carbonatis. Mass Of Ferrous Carbonate, U. S. P.
It is better known as Vallet's mass. It contains ferrous carbonate, with honey and sugar as preservatives, and sodium sulphate resulting from the process of ...
-Pilulae Ferri Carbonatis. Pills Of Ferrous Carbonate, U. S. P.
These are popularly known as Blaud's pills. They consist of ferrous carbonate, potassium sulphate and sugar, with a smaller proportion of tragacanth and althea ...
-Ferri Chloridum. Ferric Chloride, U. S. P. Fecl3.
Used In Medicine Principally In The Form Of: Tinctura Ferri Chloridi. Tincture Of Ferric Chloride, U. S. P. It is a hydro-alcoholic solution of FeCl3, ...
-Ferri Et Ammonii Citras. Iron And Ammonium Citrate, U. S. P.
It should contain the equivalent of 16 per cent, metallic iron. Properties : It forms thin, transparent, garnet-red scales, without odor, having a saline, ...
-Ferri Iodidum. Ferrous Iodide, Fei2.
Ferrous iodid is a very unstable compound, easily undergoing oxidation. In order to preserve it in the ferrous condition it is commonly used in medicine in the ...
-Syrupus Ferri Iodidi. Syrup Of Ferrous Iodide. U. S. P.
This is a syrup liquid containing about 5 per cent, by weight of FeI2, and practically identical with the international standard syrup of ferrous iodid.
-Ferri Phosphas Solubilis. Soluble Ferric Phosphate, U. S. P.
Properties : Soluble ferric phosphate should contain the equivalent of 12 per cent, of metallic iron and occurs in thin, bright-green transparent scales ...
-Ferri Sulphas. Ferrous Sulphate. U. S. P.. Fes04.7H2,0.
Green Vitriol. Properties : Ferrous sulphate occurs as large, pale bluish-green crystals, without odor, having a saline, styptic taste and efflorescent in dry ...
-Ferri Sulphas Exsiccatus. Exsiccated Ferrous Sulphate, U. S. P.
One hundred parts represent approximately 150 parts of the crystalline substance. Properties : Exsiccated ferrous sulphate occurs as grayish-white powder, ...
-Ferrum. Iron, U. S. P.
Metallic iron is used pharmaceutically in the production of preparations of iron, but in medicine is used chiefly in the form of:
-Ferrum Reductum. Reduced Iron, U. S. P.
Properties : Reduced iron should contain not less than 90 per cent, of iron. It occurs as a very fine, grayish-black powder, without odor or taste, and ...
-Fluidextracta Fluidextracts
Fluidextracts are liquid preparations of uniform and definite strength made so that each cubic centimeter represents the soluble ingredients of 1 gm. of the ...
-Formaldehydum. Formaldehyd, Ch20.
Formaldehyd is the aldehyd of formic acid, HCOOH. Formaldehyd is commonly obtained by oxidation of methyl alcohol. It is used in medicine in the form of:
-Liquor Formaldehydi. Solution Of Formaldehyde, U. S. P.
Often referred to in literature under the proprietary name, Formalin. Properties : Solution of formaldehyd is an aqueous solution containing not less than 37 ...
-Gelatinum, Gelatin, U. S. P.
The purified air-dried product of the hydrolysis of certain animal tissues, as skin, ligaments and bones, by treatment with boiling water. An amorphous, more ...
-Gentiana. Gentian, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea. Action and Uses: Gentian is one of a large class of substances with a bitter taste which have the power of ...
-Glandulae Thyroideae Siccae. Desiccated Thyroid Glands, U. S. P.
The thyroid glands of the sheep, freed from fat, and cleaned, dried and powdered. Properties : Desiccated thyroid gland is a yellowish, amorphous powder, ...
-Glycerinum Glycerin, U. S. P., Glycerol, C3h5(Oh)3.
A liquid obtained by the decomposition of vegetable or animal fats or fixed oils. Glycerin occurs as a clear colorless liquid, of a thick, syrupy consistence, ...
-Glycerylis Nitras. Glyceryl Trinitrate, Nitroglycerin, Trinitrin. Glonoin.
A compound of glyceryl with nitric acid obtained by the action of nitric acid on glycerol in the presence of sulphuric acid. Properties : Nitroglycerin is a ...
-Spiritus Glycerylis Nitratis. Spirit Of Glyceryl Trinitrate, U. S. P., Spirit Of Nitroglycerin (Spiritus Glonoini, Pharm. 1890).
An alcoholic solution containing 1 per cent, by weight of glyceryl trinitrate. Properties : Spirit of Glyceryl Nitrate is a clear, colorless liquid, having the ...
-Glycyrrhiza. Glycyrrhiza, Licorice Root, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome and root of Glycyrrhiza glabra (Spanish licorice), or of Glycyrrhiza glandulifera (Russian licorice). Used in medicine chiefly as a vehicle ...
-Fluidextractum Glycyrrhizae. Fluidextract Of Glycyrrhiza,
U. S. P. [Extractum Glycyrrhizae Fluidum, Pharm., 1890]. An aqueous extract of glycyrrhiza preserved by means of glycerin and alcohol. Average Dose: 2 cc. or ...
-Pulvis Glycyrrhizae Compositus. Compound Powder Of Glycyrrhiza, U. S. P.
A Mixture Of Senna (18 Gm.), Glycyrrhiza (23.6 Gm.),sulphur (8 gm.). oil of fennel (0.4 gm.), and sugar (50 gm.) Action and Uses: Pulvis Glycyrrhizae ...
-Guaiacol. Guaiacol, U. S. P.
Guaiacol is one of the chief constituents of beechwood creosote. Properties : Guaiacol is a colorless or nearly colorless crystalline solid, melting at 28.5 C.
-Guaiacolis Carbonas. Guaiacol Carbonate, U. S. P. (C7h7o)2 Co3.
Guaiacol carbonate is a white crystalline powder of neutral reaction, almost tasteless and odorless. It is practically insoluble in water, but is soluble in ...
-Hexamethylenamina. Hexamethylenamin, U. S. P.
This preparation is also known under several trade names, of which aminoform, formin and urotropin are included in N. N. R. Hexamethylenamin is ...
-Homatropinae Hydrobromidum. Homatropine Hydrobromide, U. S. P.
The hydrobromid of an alkaloid, tropin mandelate, produced synthetically. Properties : It usually occurs as a white, odorless, crystalline powder, having a ...
-Hydrargyri Chloridum Corrosivum. Corrosive Mercuric Chloride, U. S. P., Corrosive Sublimate, Hgcl2.
Properties : Mercuric chlorid occurs in the form of heavy colorless crystals or a heavy white powder having an acrid and persistent metallic taste. It is ...
-Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite. Mild Mercurous Chloride, U. S. P., Calomel, Hgcl.
Properties : Mild mercurous chlorid is a white impalpable powder, becoming yellowish-white on trituration with strong pressure, odorless, tasteless and ...
-Hydrargyri Iodidum Flavum. Yellow Mercurous Iodide, U. S. P.
Protiodid of mercury, HGI, formerly also called Green iodid of mercury. Properties : Mercurous iodid is a bright yellow, amorphous powder, odorless and ...
-Hydrargyri Oxidum Flavum. Yellow Mercuric Oxide, U. S. P., Hgo.
Properties : Yellow mercuric oxid is a light orange-yellow, amorphous powder, odorless and having a somewhat metallic taste. It is permanent in the air, but ...
-Unguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Flavi. Ointment Of Yellow Mercuric Oxide, U. S. P.
A 10 per cent, mixture of yellow mercuric oxid, with water, hydrous wool-fat and petrolatum. Dosage: For use in the eye it should be diluted with from 10 to ...
-Hydrargyri Salicylas. Mercuric Salicylate, N. N. R.
A mercuric salt of salicylic acid in which one atom of mercury is combined with one molecule of salicylic acid. Properties : Mercuric salicylate is a white ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury, U. S. P.
Properties : Metallic mercury in its ordinary form is a shining, silver-white, volatile and fluid metal without odor or taste In its massive form it has ...
-Hydrargyrum Cum Creta. Mercury With Chalk, U. S. P., "Gray Powder."
A powder containing 38 per cent, of mercury with clarified honey and prepared chalk. Properties : By long shaking and trituration of the mercury with the other ...
-Massa Hydrargyri. Mass Of Mercury, U. S. P., "Blue Mass."
A mixture of 33 per cent, of mercury with glycyrrhiza, althea, glycerin and honey of rose. The mercury is reduced to such fine division that globules are not ...
-Unguentum Hydrargyri. Mercurial Ointment, U. S. P.
A mixture of 50 per cent, of mercury with prepared chalk, benzoinated lard and 2 per cent, of oleate of mercury. The mercury is reduced by trituration to such ...
-Unguentum Hydrargyri Dilutum. Blue Ointment, U. S. P.
Blue ointment is made by mixing approximately 2 parts of mercurial ointment with 1 part of petrolatum. It represents approximately 33 per cent, of metallic ...
-Hydrargyrum Ammoniatum. Ammoniated Mercury, U. S. P.
A mercuric ammonium chlorid produced by the precipitation of a solution of mercuric chlorid by a solution of ammonia; it should represent not less than 78 nor ...
-Unguentum Hydrargyri Ammoniati. Ointment Of Ammoniated Mercury, U. S. P.
A mixture of 10 per cent, of ammoniated mercury with white petrolatum and hydrous wool-fat. Action and Uses: Ammoniated mercury in the form of an ointment of ...
-Hydrastis. Hydrastis, U. S. P., Golden Seal.
The dried rhizome and roots of Hydrastis canadensis, yielding when assayed by the process given in the U. S. Pharmacopeia not less than 2.5 per cent, of ...
-Fluidextractum Hydrastis. Fluidextract Of Hydrastis, U. S. P.
A solution of the soluble constituents of hydrastis in a mixture of glycerin, alcohol and water. One hundred c.c. should contain 2 gm. of hydrastin. Hydrastis ...
-Hydrogenii Dioxidum. Hydrogen Dioxide, Hydrogen Peroxid.
Hydrogen dioxid or peroxid is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O2, of syrupy consistency, which has a strong tendency to decompose into water and oxygen in ...
-Aqua Hydrogenii Dioxidi. Solution Of Hydrogen Dioxide, U. S. P.
A slightly acid, aqueous solution of H202 (approximately 3 per cent.) corresponding to about 10 volumes of available oxygen. Properties : Solution of hydrogen ...
-Hyoscyamus. Hyoscyamus, U. S. P., Henbane.
The dried leaves and flowering tops of Hyoscyamus niger. Tinctura Hyoscyami. Tincture Of Hyoscyamus, U. S. P. One hundred c.c. represent the soluble ...
-Ichthyol. Ichthyol, N. N. R., Ammonium Sulphoichthyolate.
Ichthyol is an aqueous solution of the ammonium salts of sulphonic acids prepared from the distillate from bituminous shales found in the Tyrol and elsewhere.
-Infusa Infusions
Infusions are aqueous preparations made by pouring hot or cold water over a vegetable drug and allowing the mixture to stand for a definite period and then ...
-Iodoformum. Iodoform, U. S. P.
Iodoform is triiodomethane, CHI3, and is usually prepared by the action of iodin on alcohol or acetone in the presence of alkali or alkali carbonate.
-Iodum. Iodin, U. S. P.
Properties : Iodin is a heavy, bluish-black, dry and friable solid crystallizing in rhombic plates, having a metallic luster, a distinctive odor and a sharp ...
-Tinctura Iodi. Tincture Of Iodine, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. contain 7 gm. iodin and 5 gm. potassium iodid dissolved in alcohol. This preparation is quite dissimilar to that formerly official in the U. S.
-Ipecacuanha. Ipecac, U. S. P.
The dried root of Cephaelis Ipecacuanha, commercially known, as Rio. Brazilian or Para ipecac, or of C. acuminata. commercially known as Cartagena ipecac. When ...
-Fluidextractum Ipecacuanhae. Fluidextract Of Ipecac, U. S. P. (Extractum Ipecacuanhae Fluidum, Pharm. 1890).
One hundred c.c. represent 100 gm. ipecac in approximately 75 per cent, alcohol. Dosage: As an emetic, 1 c.c. or 15 minims; as an expectorant, 0.05 c.c. or 1 ...
-Jalapa. Jalap, U. S. P.
The dried tuberous root of Exogonium Purga. Frequently used in the form of powder. Action and Uses : Jalap is a powerful purgative, producing copious watery ...
-Pulvis Jalapae Compositus. Compound Powder Of Jalap, U. S. P.
A mixture of jalap (35 gm.) and potassium bitartrate (65 gm.). Dosage: 2 gm. or 30 grains.
-Linimenta Liniments
Liniments are liquid preparations intended for external application. For preparations included in this list see: Linimentum Ammoniac, under Ammonia. Linimentum ...
-Linum. Linseed, Flaxseed, U. S. P.
The ripe seed of Linum usitatissimum. Used extensively in the ground form for making cataplasms
-Oleum Lini. Linseed Oil, U. S. P.
A fixed oil, expressed from linseed. Properties : Linseed oil occurs as a yellowish, oily liquid, having a peculiar odor and a bland taste. It is soluble in ...
-Liquores Solutions
Pharmaceutically, solutions are aqueous liquid preparations in which one or more substances are completely dissolved. For preparations included in this list ...
-Lobelia. Lobelia, U. S. P.
The dried leaves and tops of Lobelia inflata. Occasionally administered in the form of powder. Action and Uses: Lobelia has almost the same action as nicotin.
-Tincture Lobeliae. Tincture Of Lobelia, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. lobelia in diluted alcohol. Dosage: From 0.5 c.c. to 1.5 c.c. or from 10 to 20 minims Ten minims may be given every fifteen ...
-Magnesii Carbonas. Magnesium Carbonate, U. S. P.
A mixture of magnesium carbonate and magnesium hydroxid, approximately (MgCO3)4.Mg(OH)2.5H2O. Properties : Magnesium carbonate is a light, white, friable mass, ...
-Liquor Magnesii Citratis. Solution Of Magnesium Citrate. U. S. P.
A solution containing 10 per cent, of a mixture of neutral and acid magnesium citrate. The materials for making 360 c.c. or 12 ounces of the preparation are ...
-Magnesii Oxidum. Magnesium Oxid. U. S. P., Calcined Magnesia, Mgo.
Properties : Magnesium oxid is a white, very bulky and very fine powder, without odor, and having an earthy but not a saline taste. It is almost insoluble in ...
-Magnesii Sulphas. Magnesium Sulphate. U. S. P., Mgso4, 7h20. Epsom Salts."
Properties : Magnesium sulphate occurs as small, colorless prismatic needles or rhombic prisms, without odor, and having a cooling, saline and bitter taste. It ...
-Magnesii Sulphas Effervescens. Effervescent Magnesium Sulphate, U. S. P.
A mixture containing magnesium sulphate (50 per cent.) with sodium bicarbonate, tartaric acid and citric acid. Dosage: 15 gm. or 240 grains.
-Massae Masses
Masses are soft solid preparations of such consistency that they can be made into pills readily. For preparations included in this list see: Massa Ferri ...
-Mellita Honeys
Honeys are sweet liquids having honey as a base; they formerly were much used as vehicles.
-Mentha Piperita. Peppermint, U. S. P.
The dried leaves and flowering tops of Mentha piperita. Oleum Menthae Piperitae. Oil Of Peppermint, U. S. P. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh or partly ...
-Menthol. Menthol, U. S. P.
A secondary alcohol, obtained from oil of peppermint, closely allied to camphor. Properties : Menthol occurs as colorless, acicular or prismatic crystals, ...
-Methylis Salicylas. Methyl Salicylate, U. S. P. (Methyl Salicylas, Pharm. 1890).
An ester C6H4OHCOOCH3, occurring in oil of birch and in oil of wintergreen, and also produced synthetically.
-Oleum Betulae. Oil Of Betula, U. S. P., Oil Of Birch.
Oleum Gaultheriae. Oil Of Gaultheria, U. S. P.. Oil Of Wintergreen Oil of birch is also sold commercially as oil of wintergreen. Properties : Pure methyl ...
-Misturae Mixtures
Mixtures Are Liquid Preparations Containing Insoluble Or Partly Soluble Medicinal Substances Suspended In Them.
-Morphina. Morphine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from opium, the chief therapeutic constituent of the drug. Properties : Morphin occurs as colorless or white crystals or a crystalline ...
-Morrhuae Oleum. Cod-Liver Oil, U. S. P.
A fixed oil obtained from the fresh livers of Gadus morrhua. Properties : Cod-liver oil occurs as a pale yellow, thin, oily liquid having a peculiar, slightly ...
-Mucilagines Mucilages
Mucilages are aqueous solutions of gums or the mucilaginous principles of vegetable substances. For the preparations included in this list see: Mucilago ...
-Myrrha. Myrrh, U. S. P.
A gum resin obtained from Commiphora Myrrha. Used occasionally in the form of powder, and also used as a carminative, in connection with aloes, in the form of ...
-Tinctura Myrrhae. Tincture Of Myrrh, U. S. P.
One Hundred C.c. Represent 20 Gm. Myrrh In Alcohol.Dosage: 1 c.c. or 15 minims. For use in the mouth dilute with an equal volume of water.
-Nux Vomica. Nux Vomica, U. S. P.
The dried, ripe seed of Strychnos Nux-vomica, containing, when assayed by the process given in the U. S. P., not less than 1.25 per cent, of strychnin. Action ...
-Oleata Ollates
The official oleates are solutions of alkaloids or metallic oxids in oleic acid.
-Olea Pingua Fixed Oils And Fats
Fixed oils and fats are neutral esters of vegetable or animal derivation being compounds of acids (chiefly oleic, palmitic and stearic) with glycerol. For ...
-Olea Volatilia Volatile Or Essential Oils
Volatile or essential oils are liquids derived from plants and may contain or consist of neutral principles, aldehyds, ketones, phenols, esters or compound ...
-Oleoresinae Oleoresins
Oleoresins are thick liquid preparations consisting of volatile oils and resins extracted from vegetable substances by ether, acetone or alcohol. For the ...
-Opium. Opium, U. S. P.
The concrete, milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum. Action and Uses: The action of opium closely resembles that of ...
-Oxygenium Compressum. Compressed Oxygen, N. N. R. Gaseous Oxygen, 02, In A Compressed State.
Properties : Compressed oxygen occurs as a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. slightly soluble in water and neutral to ordinary indicators. This gas is not ...
-Pancreatinum. Pancreatin, U. S. P.
A mixture of the enzymes naturally existing in the pancreas of warm-blooded animals, usually obtained from the fresh pancreas of the hog, Sus scrofa, or the ox, ...
-Paraffinum Paraffin, U. S. P.
A mixture of solid hydrocarbons, obtained by chilling and pressing the higher distillates from petroleum and purifying the solid press-cake so obtained. It is ...
-Paraldehydum. Paraldehyd. U. S. P.
Paraldehyd, C6H12O3, is a polymer of acetaldehyd, CH3.CHO. Properties : Paraldehyd is a colorless, transparent liquid, having a strong characteristic but not ...
-Pelletierinae Tannas. Pelletierine Tannate, U. S. P.
A mixture of the tannates of alkaloids obtained from Punica Granatum. Properties : Pelletierin tannate occurs as a light yellow, odorless, amorphous powder, ...
-Pepsinum. Pepsin, U. S. P.
A proteolytic ferment or enzyme obtained from the glandular layer of the fresh stomach of the hog, Sus scrofa. Properties : Pepsin occurs as pale yellow, ...
-Petrolatum. Petrolatum, U. S. P.
A mixture of hydrocarbons, obtained by distilling off the lighter and more volatile portions from petroleum, and purifying the residue. Properties : Petrolatum ...
-Petrolatum Liquidum. Liquid Petrolatum, U. S. P.
A mixture of hydrocarbons, obtained by distilling off most of the lighter and more volatile portions from petroleum, nd purifying the liquid residue.
-Phenol. Phenol, U. S. P. (Acidum Carbolicum, Pharm. 1890) C6h3oh.
Hydroxybenzene, obtained from coal-tar by fractional distillation and subsequent purification or made synthetically. Properties : Phenol should contain not ...
-Phenol Liquefactum. Liquefied Phenol, U. S. P.
A liquid composed of not less than 86.4 per cent., by weight, of C6H5OH, and about 13 per cent., by weight, of water. Properties : Liquefied phenol is a ...
-Phenolphthalein. Phenolphthalein, N. N. R.
A product of the interaction of phenol and phthalic anhydrid. Properties : Phenolphthalein occurs as white, or grayish-white crystals or as an amorphous powder; ...
-Phenylis Salicylas. Phenyl Salicylate. U. S. P. (Salol, Pharm. 1890).
The salicylic ester of phenyl. Properties : Phenylsalicylate occurs as a white crystalline powder, having a faint aromatic odor and a slight but characteristic ...
-Phosphorus. Phosphorus, U. S. P.
Properties : Phosphorus is a translucent, nearly colorless solid, of a waxy luster, having, at ordinary temperatures, about the consistency of beeswax. It has ...
-Physostigma. Physostigma, U. S. P. (Calabar Bean).
The ripe seed of Physostigma venenosum. Used commonly in the form of salts of its principal alkaloid, physostigmin (eserin). Action and Uses: Physostigma ...
-Physostigminae Salicylas. Physostigmine Salicylate, U. S. P., Eserin Salicylate.
Properties : Physostigmin salicylate occurs as colorless or faintly yellowish crystals, odorless and having a slightly bitter taste. It is soluble in water and ...
-Physostigminae Sulphas. Physostigmine Sulphate, U. S. P.. Eserin Sulphate.
Properties : This salt is rather more freely soluble than the salicylate, but is also readily decomposed by exposure to light and air. Dosage: 1 mg. or 1/60 ...
-Pilocarpus. Pilocarpus, U. S. P., Jaborandi.
The leaflets of Pilocarpus Jaborandi or of Pilocarpus Microphyllus. Used chiefly in the form of a salt of its principal alkaloid, pilocarpin. Action and Uses: ...
-Pilocarpinae Hydrochloridum. Pilocarpine Hydrochloride, U. S. P.
Properties : Pilocarpin hydrochlorid occurs as colorless or white transparent crystals, odorless and having a faintly bitter taste. It is very soluble in water ...
-Pilocarpinae Nitras. Pilocarpine Nitrate, U. S. P.
Properties : This salt is less soluble in both water and alcohol than is the hydrochlorid and has no evident advantages over that salt. Dosage: 0.01 gm. or 1/5 ...
-Pilulae. Pills.
Pills are globular, oval or flattened bodies, of such size and consistency that they can be swallowed whole. For the preparations included in this list see: ...
-Pix Liquida. Tar, U. S. P.
A product obtained by the destructive distillation of the wood of Pinus palustris. Properties : Tar occurs as a semiliquid, viscid, blackish-brown product ...
-Unguentum Picis Liquidae. Tar Ointment, U. S. P.
A mixture of tar (50 gm.) with yellow wax and lard sufficient to make 100 gm. This should be diluted from 10 to 20 times before application. In chronic ...
-Plumbi Acetas. Lead Acetate, U. S. P., Pb(C2h3o2)2. 3h20 (Sugar Of Lead)
Properties : Lead acetate occurs as colorless or heavy white crystalline masses or granular crystals, having a faintly acetous odor and a sweetish, astringent, ...
-Liquor Plumbi Subacetatis. Solution Of Lead Subacetate. U. S. P.
An aqueous liquid which contains in solution not less than 25 per cent, of lead subacetate, made by boiling a mixture of lead acetate, lead oxid and distilled ...
-Podophyllum, Podophyllum, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome of Podophyllum peltatum. Used in medicine chiefly in the form of:
-Resina Podophylli. Resin Of Podophyllum, U. S. P.
Properties : This preparation, popularly known as podophyllin, occurs as an amorphous powder, varying in color from grayish-white to pale greenish-yellow, ...
-Potassii Acetas. Potassium Acetate, U. S. P., Kc2h3o2.
Properties : Potassium acetate occurs as a white powder or in crystalline masses, odorless, and having a saline taste ; it is deliquescent on exposure to air.
-Potassii Bicarbonas. Potassium Bicarbonate, U. S. P., Khco3.
Properties : Potassium bicarbonate occurs as colorless, transparent crystals, odorless, having a saline and slightly alkaline taste; it is permanent in the air.
-Potassii Bitartras. Potassium Bitartrate, U. S. P., Khc4h4o6.
Properties : Potassium bitartrate occurs as a colorless or slightly opaque or white, somewhat gritty, powder, odorless and having a pleasant acidulous taste.
-Potassii Bromidum. Potassium Bromide, U. S. P., Kbr.
Properties : Potassium bromid occurs as colorless or white cubical crystals or granular powder, odorless and having a very strongly saline taste. It is freely ...
-Potassii Carbonas. Potassium Carbonate, U. S. P., K2c03.
Properties : Potassium carbonate occurs as a white, granular powder, odorless and having a strongly alkaline taste. It is very soluble in water (1:0.9), but ...
-Potassii Chloras Potassium Chlorate, U. S. P., Kc1o8.
Properties : Potassium chlorate is explosive when mixed with oxidizable matter, and caution should be observed in manipulaing it. It occurs as colorless ...
-Potassii Citras Potassium Citrate, U. S. P., K3c6hso7h20.
Properties : Potassium citrate occurs as transparent, prismatic crystals or a white granular powder, odorless, and having a cooling, saline taste. It is very ...
-Potassii Citras Effervescens. Effervescent Potassium Citrate. U. S. P.
A mixture of potassium citrate (20 per cent.) with sodium bicarbonate, tartaric acid and citric acid. Dosage: 4 gm. or 60 grains.
-Potassii Et Sodii Tartras. Potassium And Sodium Tartrate, U. S. P., Kxac4h4o6.4H2O.
Popularly known as Rochelle Salt. Properties : Potassium and sodium tartrate occurs as colorless, transparent crystals or white powder, odorless and having a ...
-Pulvis Effervescens Compositus. Compound Effervescing Powder, U. S. P.
Popularly known as Seidlitz powder. A mixture of sodium bicarbonate (31 gm.), potassium and sodium tartrate (93 gm.) and tartaric acid (27 gm.). The sodium ...
-Potassii Hydroxidum. Potassium Hydroxide, U. S. P., Koh.
Properties : Potassium hydroxid should contain not less than So per cent, of KOH. It occurs as dry white or nearly white flakes, fused masses, or in pencils, ...
-Liquor Potassii Hydroxidi. Solution Of Potassium Hydroxide, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. contain approximately 5 gm. of potassium hydroxid. Action and Uses: Solution of potassium hydroxid is antacid, but is seldom used internally, ...
-Potassii Iodidum. Potassium Iodide, U. S. P., Ki.
Properties : Potassium iodid occurs as colorless or opaque white, cubical crystals, or granulated powder, having a peculiar, faint, iodin-like odor, and a ...
-Potassii Permanganas. Potassium Permanganate, U. S. P., Kmno4.
Properties : Potassium permanganate occurs as slender prisms, of a dark purple color, almost opaque by transmitted light and of a blue metallic luster by ...
-Protargol. Protargol, N. N. R., Silver Proteinate.
This is a compound of albumin and silver containing 8.3 per cent, of silver in organic combination. Properties : Protargol occurs as a light brown powder which ...
-Prunus Virginiana. Wild Cherry, U. S. P.
The bark of Prunus serotina, used in medicine principally in the form of: Syrupus Pruni Virginianae. Syrup Of Wild Cherry, U. S. P. Representing an aqueous ...
-Pulveres Powders Pharmaceutically
Powders Are Combinations Of Severalsubstances in powdered form or powdered vegetable drugs. The term powders is also applied to single dose quantities of a ...
-Quinina. Quinine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from the bark of various species of Cinchona. Properties : Quinin occurs as white, flaky or microcrystalline powder, odorless and having a ...
-Resina. Rosin, U. S. P.
The residue left after distilling off the volatile oil from turpentine. Properties : Rosin occurs in sharp, angular fragments, amber-colored, usually covered ...
-Resinae Resins
Resins are usually made by distilling the volatile oil from natural oleoresins or by precipitating resins from alcoholic solutions by the addition of water.
-Resorcinol. Resorcinol. U. S. P. (Resorcinum, Pharmacopeia. 1890)
The diatomic phenol, metadihydroxybenzene, C6H4(OH)2. Properties : Resorcinol occurs as colorless, needle-shaped crystals, having a faint, peculiar odor and a ...
-Rhamnus Purshiana. Cascara Sagrada, U. S. P.
The dried bark of Rhamnus Purshiana. Action and Uses: The preparations of cascara sagrada are laxative, acting mainly on the colon, and are widely used for ...
-Rheum. Rhubarb, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome of Rheum officinale is occasionally administered either in the form of powder or in the form of cubes or fingers. Action and Uses: Rhubarb ...
-Ricini Oleum (Oleum Ricini). Castor Oil, U. S. P.
A fixed oil expressed from the seed of Ricinus communis. Properties : Castor oil occurs as a pale yellowish or almost colorless viscid liquid, having a faint, ...
-Rosa. Rose.
Rose is used in pharmacy chiefly in the form of: Oleum Rosae. Oil Of Rose, U. S. P. A volatile oil distilled from the fresh flowers of Rosa damascene Aqua ...
-Saccharum. Sugar, U. S. P.
Refined sucrose obtained from various sources. Official in the form of white, dry, hard, distinctly crystalline granules, odorless and having a purely sweet ...
-Syrupus. Syrup, U. S. P.
An aqueous solution of sugar containing approximately 85 gm. of sugar in 100 c.c. of the liquid.
-Saccharum Lactis. Sugar Of Milk, U. S. P., Milk-Sugar. Lactose.
A peculiar crystalline sugar obtained from the whey of cow's milk by evaporation, and purified by recrystallization. Properties : Sugar of milk occurs as white, ...
-Sales Effervescentes Effervescent Salts
Effervescent salts are mixtures of soluble salts with sodium bicarbonate and citric or tartaric acid, or a mixture of the two acids, designed to yield ...
-Salvarsan. Salvarsan, N. N. R.
Also known as arsenobenzol, 606 , and arsenophenolamin hydrochlorid, is 3-diamino-4-dihydroxyl-l-arseno benzene hydrochlorid. Corresponds to 31.57 per cent, ...
-Santali Oleum (Oleum Santali). Oil Of Santal, U. S. P.
A volatile oil distilled from the wood of Santalum album. Properties : Oil of santal occurs as a pale yellow, somewhat thick liquid, having a peculiar aromatic ...
-Santoninum. Santonin, U. S. P.
The inner anhydrid or lactone of santonic acid obtained from santonica. Properties : Santonin occurs as colorless, rhombic prisms, odorless and nearly ...
-Sapo. Soap, U. S. P.
Officially directed to be prepared from sodium hydroxid and olive-oil (Castile soap). Properties : Soap occurs as a white or whitish solid, hard yet easily cut ...
-Linimentum Saponis. Soap Liniment. U. S. P.
A solution of soap, camphor and oil of rosemary in a mixture of alcohol and water. Action and Uses: Soap liniment applied externally is stimulant and ...
-Sapo Mollis. Soft Soap, U. S. P.
A soap prepared from potassium hydroxid and linseed oil. Properties : Soft soap occurs as a soft, unctuous, yellowish-brown mass, having a characteristic odor ...
-Sarsaparilla Sarsaparilla, U. S. P.
The dried root of different species of smilax. Action and Uses: Sarsaparilla has long been in use as an alterative. Practically its only active ingredient ...
-Syrupus Sarsaparillae Compositus. Compound Syrup Of Sarsaparilla, U. S. P.
A mixture of fluidextract of sarsaparilla (20 c.c), fluid-extract of glycyrrhiza (1.5 c.c), fluidextract of senna, (1.5 c.c.), and aromatics with syrup ( ...
-Scilla. Squill, U. S. P.
The bulb of Urginea maritima.. It is occasionally administered in the form of powder. Action and Uses : The pharmacologic actions of squill resemble those of ...
-Scopolaminae Hydrobromidum. Scopolamine Hydrobromide, U. S. P., Hyoscin Hydrobromid.
The hydrobromid of an alkaloid obtained from plants of the Solanaceae. Properties : Scopolamin hydrobromid forms colorless crystals, odorless, having an acrid, ...
-Senna. Senna, U. S. P.
The dried leaflets of Cassia acutifolia (Alexandria senna), or of Cassia angustifolia (Indian or Tinnevelly senna). Action and Uses: Senna belongs to the ...
-Sera Et Vaccina Serums And Vaccines, N. N. R.
The vaccines, viruses and serums constitute one of the most important groups of drugs with which the physician has to deal. Some preparations of this group are ...
-Serum Antidiphthericum. Antidiphtheric Serum, Diphtheria Antitoxin, U. S. P.
A fluid separated from the coagulated blood of the horse immunized through the inoculation of diphtheria toxin. Properties : Antidiphtheric serum occurs as a ...
-Serum Antitetanicum. Antitetanic Serum, N. N. R.
Antitetanic serum is the blood-serum of horses immunized to the toxin of the tetanus bacillus. Properties : Antitetanic serum is marketed in both liquid or dry ...
-Sinapis. Mustard.
Action and Uses: Mustard is used extensively as a counterirritant. When mustard is mixed with water, the volatile oil is generated by the action of a ferment, ...
-Sodii Arsanilas. Sodium Arsanilate, N. N. R., Atoxyl.
Sodium arsanilate is the sodium salt of arsanilic acid, prepared by condensing anilin and arsenic acid. Properties : Sodium arsanilate occurs as white, ...
-Sodii Arsenas. Sodium Arsenate, U. S. P., Na2haso47h20.
Properties : Sodium arsenate occurs as colorless, transparent monoclinic prisms, odorless, and having a mild alkaline taste. It is freely soluble in water (1 : ...
-Sodii Benzoas. Sodium Benzoate, U. S. P., Nac7h502.
Properties : Sodium benzoate occurs as a white, amorphous powder, odorless, and having a sweetish astringent taste. It is freely soluble in water (1:1.6) and ...
-Sodii Bicarbonas. Sodium Bicarbonate, U. S. P., Nahco3.
Properties : Sodium bicarbonate occurs as a white, opaque powder, odorless and having a cooling, mildly alkaline taste. It is soluble in water (1:12) at 15 C, ...
-Sodii Boras. Sodium. Borate, U. S. P., Na2b4o7,1oh2o.
Popularly known as borax and properly designated as sodium tetraborate. Properties : Sodium borate occurs as colorless, transparent crystals or a white powder, ...
-Sodii Bromidum. Sodium Bromide, U. S. P., Nabr.
Properties : Sodium bromid occurs as colorless or white, cubical crystals, or a white, granular powder, odorless, and having a saline, slightly bitter taste.
-Sodii Cacodylas. Sodium Cacodylate, N. N. R.
Also known as sodium dimethylarsenate. It is the sodium salt of cacodylic acid (dimethyl arsenic acid). Properties : Sodium cacodylate occurs as a white powder, ...
-Sodii Carbonas Monohydratus. Monohydrated Sodium Carbonate, U. S. P., Na2co3h2o.
The form in which sodium carbonate is now official. Properties : Monohydrated sodium carbonate should contain not less than 85 per cent, of anhydrous sodium ...
-Sodii Chloridum. Sodium Chloride, U. S. P., Common Salt, Nacl.
Properties : Sodium chlorid occurs as a colorles or white crystalline powder, odorless and having a purely saline taste. It is freely soluble in water (1: 2.8) ...
-Sodii Hydroxidum. Sodium Hydroxide, U. S. P., Naoh.
Properties : Sodium hydroxid should contain not less than 95 per cent, of NaOH and not more than 2 per cent, of other inorganic substances, with the exception ...
-Sodii Iodidum. Sodium Iodide, U. S. P., Nai.
Properties : Sodium iodid occurs as colorless, cubic crystals, or as a white, crystalline powder, odorless and having a saline and slightly bitter taste. It is ...
-Sodii Nitris. Sodium Nitrite, U. S. P., Nano2
Properties : Sodium nitrite should contain not less than 90 per cent, of NaNO2. It occurs as white, or nearly white, opaque, fused masses or pencils, or ...
-Sodii Phosphas. Sodium Phosphate, U. S. P., Na2hpo4,12h2o.
Properties : Sodium phosphate occurs as large, colorless, monoclinic prisms, or a granular, crystalline salt, odorless, and having a cooling saline taste. It ...
-Sodii Salicylas. Sodium Salicylate, U. S. P., Nac7h5o3.
Properties : Sodium salicylate occurs as white microcrystal line powder or scales, or as an amorphous, white powder, having not more than a faint pink tinge, ...
-Sodii Sulphas. Sodium Sulphate, U. S. P., Na2so410h2o.
Popularly known as Glauber's Salt. Properties : Sodium sulphate occurs as large, colorless prisms or granular crystals, odorless and having a bitter saline ...
-Sodii Sulphis Sodium Sulphite, U. S. P., Na2so8, 7h20.
Properties : Sodium sulphite occurs as colorless, transparent crystals, odorless and having a cooling, saline, sulphurous taste. It is freely soluble in water ( ...
-Sodii Thiosulphas. Sodium Thiosulphate, U. S. P. (Sodii Hyposulphis, Pharm. 1890), Na2s2o35h20.
Properties : Sodium thiosulphate occurs as colorless, transparent monoclinic prisms, odorless and having a cooling, afterward bitter taste. It is very soluble ...
-Sparteinae Sulphas. Sparteine Sulphate, U. S. P.
The sulphate of an alkaloid obtained from scoparius. Properties : Spartein sulphate occurs as colorless crystals, or a crystalline powder, odorless, and having ...
-Spiritus Spirits
Spirits are alcoholic solutions of volatile substances; either gases, liquids or solids. For preparations included in this list see: Spiritus Aetheris, under ...
-Stramonium. Stramonium, U. S. P.
The dried leaves of Datura Stramonium. Now seldom used in medicine except as an ingredient in so-called asthma powders for smoking. Its constituents and action ...
-Strophanthinum. Strophanthin, U. S. P.
A glucosid, or mixture of glucosids. obtained from strophanthus. Properties : Strophanthin occurs as a white or faintly yellowish powder, having an intensely ...
-Strophanthus. Strophanthus, U. S. P.
The ripe seed of Strophanthus Kombe. Occasionally administered in the form of powder. Action and Uses: Strophanthus and tincture of strophanthus have ...
-Tinctura Strophanthi. Tincture Of Strophanthus, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent 10 gm. strophanthus in approximately 65 per cent, of alcohol. It is nearly identical with the international standard tincture of ...
-Strychnina. Strychnine, U. S. P.
An alkaloid obtained from nux vomica, and also obtainable from other plants of the Loganiaceae. Properties : Strychnin occurs as colorless, transparent ...
-Strychninae Nitras. Strychnine Nitrate, U. S. P.
Properties : Strychnin nitrate occurs as colorless, needle-shaped crystals, odorless, and having an intensely bitter taste. It is soluble in water (1 :42) and ...
-Strychninae Sulphas. Strychnine Sulphate. U. S. P.
Properties : Strychnin sulphate occurs as colorless or white prismatic crystals, or a white crystalline powder, odorless, and having an intensely bitter taste.
-Sulphonethylmethanum. Sulphonethylmethane, U. S. P., Trional.
Official in most foreign pharmacopeias, and usually prescribed in this country as trional. Chemically, it is diethyl-sulphonemethylethylmethane. Properties : ...
-Sulphonmethanum. Sulphonmethane, U. S. P.
Usually prescribed in this country as sulphonal. Chemically, it is diethylsulphonedimethylmethane. Properties : Sulphonmethane occurs as colorless, inodorous ...
-Sulphur. Sulphur.
Sulphur is official in the U. S. Pharmacopeia under three headings: Sulphur Lotum. Washed Sulphur, U. S. P. Sulphur Praecipitatum. Precipitated Sulphur, U. S.
-Unguentum Sulphuris. Sulphur Ointment, U. S. P.
A mixture of washed sulphur (15 gm.) with benzoinated lard (85 gm.).
-Suppositoria Suppositories
Suppositories are solid bodies intended to be introduced into the several natural orifices of the body for the purpose of producing systemic or local effects.
-Syrupi Syrups
Syrups are strong solutions of sugar and water with or without the addition of active medicaments. For preparations included in this list see: Syrupus, under ...
-Tabellae Tablet-Triturates Compressed Tablets
Tablet-triturates are small disks made by diluting powdered medicaments with powdered sugar of milk or with powdered sugar, moistening the powder with ...
-Terebinthina. Turpentine, U. S. P.
A concrete oleoresin obtained from Pinus palustris. Oleum Terebinthinae. Oil Of Turpentine, U. S. P. A volatile oil recently distilled from turpentine.
-Terpini Hydras. Terpin Hydrate, U. S. P.
The hydrate of the diatomic alcohol terpin. Properties : Terpin hydrate occurs as colorless, lustrous, rhombic prisms, nearly odorless, and having a slightly ...
-Theobromatis Oleum (Oleum Theobromatis). Oil Of Theobroma, U. S. P.
Popularly known as cacao butter, a fixed oil expressed from the roasted seeds of theobroma cacao. Properties : Oil of theobroma occurs as a yellowish-white ...
-Theobromina. Theobromin, N. N. R.
3,7-dimethyl-xanthin, a base occurring in Theobroma cacao, and other drugs, and also made synthetically. It is closely related to caffein (1,3,7-trimethyl- ...
-Theobrominae Sodio-Salicylas. Theobromin Sodium Salicylate, N. N. R., Diuretin.
A double salt of theobromin-sodium and sodium salicylate. Properties : Theobromin sodium salicylate contains 50 per cent of theobromin and occurs as a white ...
-Thymol. Thymol, U. S. P.
A phenol occurring in the volatile oil of Thymus vulgaris and in some other volatile oils. Properties : Thymol occurs as large, colorless prisms, having an ...
-Thymolis Iodidum. Thymol Iodide, U. S. P., Aristol.
Dithymol-di-iodid, popularly known as aristol, is obtained by the condensation of two molecules of thymol and the introduction of two atoms of iodin into the ...
-Tiglii Oleum (Oleum Tiglii). Croton Oil, U. S. P.
A fixed oil expressed from the seeds of Croton tiglium. Properties : Croton oil occurs as a pale yellow or brownish-yellow, somewhat viscid, and slightly ...
-Tincturae Tinctures
Tinctures, with a few exceptions, are alcoholic or hydro-alcoholic extractive preparations of vegetable drugs; the tinctures of potent drugs represent ...
-Tragacantha. Tragacanth, U. S. P.
A gummy exudation from Astragalus gummifer. Action and Uses: Tragacanth swells on addition of water and gradually forms a cloudy gelatinous mass. On further ...
-Triturationes Triturations
Pharmacopeial triturations are active remedies diluted usually with 10 parts of sugar of milk. Trional. See Under Sulphonethylmethanum.
-Troschisci Troches
Troches, or lozenges, are flat solid bodies intended to be dissolved in the mouth for their local effect on the mucous membrane of the mouth and the throat.
-Tuberculinum. Tuberculin, N. N. R.
This represents the toxins of the tubercle bacillus Properties : Tuberculin is marketed in a variety of forms, either as a filtered extract of the bacilli or ...
-Unguenta Ointments
Ointments are soft, fatty solids of such consistency that they are readily spread at ordinary temperatures. When intended for systemic effect they are applied ...
-Vaccina Bacterial Vaccines, N. N. R.
Bacterial vaccines are suspensions of the killed bacteria in physiologic salt solution. Cresol is usually added as a preservative. The use of many of these ...
-Valeriana. Valerian, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome and roots of Valeriana officinalis. Action and Uses: Valerian is thought to be antispasmodic and nerve sedative, but its influence is largely ...
-Tinctura Valerianae, Ammoniata. Ammoniated Tincture Of Valerian, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent the soluble constituents of 20 gm. of valerian in aromatic spirit of ammonia. Dosage: 2 c.c. or 30 minims.
-Veronal. N. N. R.
Also known as diethyl-barbituric acid, diethyl malopyl urea and malourea, is 2,4,6-trioxy-5-diethyl pyramidin, a ureid derived from diethylmalonic acid.
-Sodii Diaethyl-Barbituras. Sodium Diethyl-Barbiturate, N. N. R.
Also known as medinal and veronal-sodium, is the mono-sodium salt of diethyl-barbituric acid. Properties : Sodium diethyl-barbiturate occurs as a white, ...
-Viburnum Prunifolium. Viburnum Prunifolium, U. S. P.
The dried bark of the root of Viburnum prunifolium. Action and Uses: Viburnum prunifolium is thought to be a uterine sedative and tonic. Like valerian, however, ...
-Fluidextractum Viburni Prunifolii. Fluidextract Of Viburnum Prunifolium, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent the soluble constituents of 100 gm. Viburnum prunifolium in approximately 60 per cent, alcohol. Dosage: 2 c.c. or 30 minims,
-Vina Wines
Medicated wines are solutions of active medicaments in wine or extractive preparations of vegetable drugs made with wine as a menstruum. Because of the great ...
-Virus Vaccinum. Vaccine Virus, N. N. R.
Vaccine virus is the material obtained from skin eruptions of calves having vaccinia. The pulp is ground and mixed with varying percentages of glycerol. It is ...
-Zinci Acetas. Zinc Acetate, U. S. P., Zn(C2,H3o2)2, H2o.
Properties : Zinc acetate occurs as soft, white, pearly crystals, having a faintly acetous odor, and in dilute solutions an astringent, metallic taste. It is ...
-Zinci Chloridum. Zinc Chloride, U. S. P., Zncl2.
Properties : Zinc chlorid occurs as a white or nearly white granular powder or in porcelain-like masses, irregular or molded into pencils, odorless and of such ...
-Liquor Zinci Chloridi. Solution Of Zinc Chloride, U. S. P.
An aqueous solution containing about 50 per cent., by weight, of zinc chlorid made by dissolving granulated zinc in hydrochloric acid.
-Zinci Oxidum. Zinc Oxide, U. S. P., Zno.
Properties : Zinc oxid occurs as a very fine, amorphous, white or yellowish-white powder, free from gritty particles, without odor or taste. It is practically ...
-Unguentum Zinci Oxidi. Ointment Of Zinc Oxid.
A mixture of zinc oxid (20 gm.) with benzoinated lard (80 gm.).
-Zinci Stearas. Zinc Stearate, U. S. P.
Properties : Zinc stearate occurs as a very fine, white powder, tasteless, and having a very faint odor, resembling that of fat. It is practically insoluble in ...
-Zinci Sulphas. Zinc Sulphate, U. S. P., Zns047h20.
Properties : Zinc sulphate occurs as colorless, transparent, rhombic crystals, or granular crystalline powder, without odor, and having an astringent, metallic ...
-Zingiber. Ginger, U. S. P.
The dried rhizome of Zingiber officinale. Occasionally administered in the form of powder. Action and Uses: Ginger is aromatic, stimulant and a stomachic tonic.
-Tinctura Zingiberis. Tincture Of Ginger, U. S. P.
One hundred c.c. represent the soluble constituents of 20 gm. ginger in alcohol. Dosage: 2 c.c. or 30 minims.
-Table Showing The Recorded Solubility Of Substances Included In The List Of Important Medicaments
Abbreviations and signs used: Dec. = Decomposed; 00 = Sparingly Soluble Or Slightly Soluble; 000 = Insoluble; V. S. = Very Soluble; Misc. = Miscible In All ...
-Pharmacologic Index
The following classification of drugs included in the list of useful remedies according to their therapeutic use has been adapted from the text-book on ...
-I. Drugs Applied fob Their Local Action to the Skin, Wounds or Visible Mucous Membranes
Corrosives or Caustics: Acidum Aceticum Acidum Nitricum Alumen Exsiccatum Argent! Nitras Arseni Trioxidum Chromii Trioxidum Hydrargyrum Ammoniatum Iodum Phenol ...
-II. Drugs Used for Affections of the Alimentary Tract Mouth and
Throat. (See also Section 1): Demulcent: Acacia Ammonii Chloridum Glyerinum Potassii Chloras To Lessen Salivation: Atropina Flavoring Substances: Acidum ...
-III. Drugs Used for Theib Effects on the Circulation
Heart: To Strengthen Contract ion : Digitalis Strophanthinum Strophanthus To Accelerate Pulse : Atropina Caffeina To Slow Pulse: Aconitum Digitalis ...
-IV. Drugs Used for Their Effects on the Genito-Urinary System
To Increase the Flow of Urine (Diuretics) : ^Etheris Nitrosi, Spiritus Ammonii Acetatis, Liquor Caffeina Cubeba Digitalis Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite Potassii ...
-V. Drugs Used for Their E.tects on the Respiratory
System To Stimulate the Respiratory Center : Atropina Caffeina Camphora Strychnina To Reduce the Irritability of the Center in Cough : Chloralum Hydratum ...
-VI. Drugs Used for Their Effects on the Central Nervous System Stimulants
(a) The spinal cord : Strychnina (b) The brain and medulla oblongata : Atropina Caffeina Camphora Depressants : (a) To paralyze sensation (general anesthetics) ...
-VII. Drugs Used to Reduce Fever Temperature
Acetanilidum Acetphenetidinum Acidum Salicylicum Aconitum Ammonii Acetatis, Liqnoi Antipyrinum Aspirin Gualacol Phenol * Qulnina Sodii Salicylas
-VIII. Drugs Used for Their Effects on the Liver To Increase the Secretion of Bile, Cholagogues
Acidum Salicylicum Fel Bovis IX. Drugs Used for Their Effects on the Blood To Increase the Hemoglobin : Arseni Trioxidum Ferri Carbonas Ferri Iodidum Ferri ...
-X. Drugs Used for Specified Diseases In Malaria
Arseni Trioxidum Quinina In Syphilis: Hydrargyrl Chlorldum Corrosivnm Hydrargyri Chloridum Mite Hydrargyrl Iodidum Flavum Hydrargyri Iodidum Rubrum Hydrargyri ...
-XI. Drugs Used for Theie Effects on the Skin
Corrosives or Caustics Emollients and Protectives Local Anodynes and Anesthetics Irritants: Aconitum Alcohol Ammonia Camphora Cantharis Capsicum Iodum Menthol ...
-XII. Drugs Used Locally for Their Effects on the Eye
Drugs Dilating the Pupil and Relaxing the Accommodation, Mydriatics: Atropina Cocaina Homatropinse Hydrobromidum Scopolaminae Hydrobromidum Drugs Contracting ...
-Other Properties Of Well-Known Drugs
The following classification is taken from Introduction to Materia Medica and Pharmacology by Oliver T. Osborne. Drugs and Preparations Which May Cause an ...







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