Beginning with June, the summer flowers replace those of early spring, many of them continuing in bloom through July, August, and even September. As a rule, perhaps, we may say that they are more hardy than spring flowers, since they are obliged to endure greater heat and drought. Roadside plants and weeds now flourish, as well as many which seek the shade of cool woods. The list following includes those flowers which come into bloom first in June.

Bur-reed (Sparganium eurycarpum), (S. simplex), (5. minimum), pages 38 to 40. June-August. Bog Asphodel (Narthecium americanum). Page 149. June,

July. Blazing Star (Chamaelirium luteum). Page 44. June. Fly Poison (Amianlhium muscaetoxicum). Page 44. June, July. White Hellebore (Veratrum viride). Page 23. June-August. Wild Orange-red Lily (Lilium philadelphicum); Turk's-cap

Lily (L. superbum); Wild Yellow Lily (L. canadense), pages 152 and 154. Our handsome wild lilies may be found in their favorite haunts all summer until August. (Clintonia borealis). Page 156. June. Great Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum commutatum). Page 156.

June. Indian Cucumber-root (Medeola virginiana). Page 157. Blackberry Lily (Belamcanda ckinensis). Page 159. July. Of the summer orchids we may find many, including Showy Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium hirsutum). Page 50.

June, July. (Orchis rotundifolia). Page 246. June, July. Rein Orchis (Habenaria flava), June, July; and (H. Jiyperborea),

June-August. Page 23. (H. fimbriata). Page 247. Late June to August. (Pogonia ophioglossoides). Page 303. June, July.

Twayblade (Listera cordata), page 304 (L.australis), (L. convallari-oides), page 160, June.

Adder's Mouth (Microstylis monophyllos). Page 24. June, July.

(Liparis liliifolia), page 304; (L. Loeselii), page 24. June, July.

Crane Fly Orchis (Tipularia discolor). Page 24. June.

Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus). Page 56. June-August.

Woolly Pipe Vine (Aristolochia tomentosa). Page 450. June.

Sand Spurrey (Spergularia). Page 253. Several species are in blossom all summer. They are low herbs with small blossoms.

Sandwort (Arenaria serpyllifolia), in June; (A. peploides), page 64, from June to August.

Sleepy Catchfly (Silene antirrhind). Page 254. June-September.

Other species of Catchfly, as Fire Pink (S. virginica), page 256, and Night-flowering Catchfly (S. noctiflora), page 68, are in bloom until July or August.

Cow Lily (Nymphaea advena). Page 162. June-August.

Water Lily (Castalia odorata). Page 68. June-September.

Water Crowfoot (Ranunculus aquatilis). June-August. Seaside Crowfoot (R. Cymbalaria). August. Water Plantain Spearwort (R. laxicaulis). August. Cursed Crowfoot (R. sceleratus). Bristly Crowfoot (R. pennsylvanicus). Tall Buttercup (R. acris). Pages 163 to 166. June-August.

(Anemone virginiana). Page 30. June-August.

Wild Monkshood (Aconitum ttneinatum). Page 310. June-August.

Moonseed (Menispermum canadense). Page 394. June, July.

American Barberry (Bcrberis canadensis). Page 427. June.

Climbing Fumitory (Adlumia fungosa). Page 451. June-October.

Common Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis). Page 260. June-August.

Wild Peppergrass (Lepidium virginicum). Page 79. June-September.

Sickle-pod (Arabis canadensis). Page 81. June-August.

Pitcher-plant (Sarracenia purpurea). Page 311. June.

The Round-leaved, Long-leaved, and Thread-leaved Sundews, three species of Drosera, pages 81, 83, 312, are small bog plants with insectivorous leaves which open their spikes of small blossoms all summer, continuing into early September.

Mossy Stonecrop (Sedum acre). Page 171. June, July.

Yellow Mountain Saxifrage (Saxifraga aizoidca). Page 171. June-August.

Several species of Cinquefoil (Potentilla arguta); (P. palustris), (P. fruticosa); Silver Weed (P. Anserina), pages 174 and 312, remain in bloom all summer, and into September.

Queen of the Prairie(Filipcudnhi rubra). Page 260. June, July.

Avens (Geum virginianum). Page 87. June-August.

Wild Roses (Rosa canina) and (R. Carolina); see chapter on shrubs. Most of the species bloom in June and may continue until the end of July.

Wild Indigo (Baptisia tinctoria). Page 179. June-September.

Rattle-box (Crotalaria sagittalis). Page 179. June-September.

Dyer's Green weed (Genista tinctoria). Page 428. June, July.

Catgut (Tephrosia virginiana). Page 260. June, July.

(Coronilla varia). Page 261. June-August.

Tick Trefoil (Desmodiums), page 314, are in bloom through July.

(Stylosantltes biflora). Page 180. June-August.

Blue Vetch (Vicia Cracca). Page 452. June-August.

Beach Pea (Lathyrus maritimus) and (L. palustris). Page 317. June until late August or September.

(Strophostyles helvola). Page 454. June-September.

Butterfly Pea (Clitoria mariana). Page 454. June-August.

Common Flax (Linum usitatissimum). Page 319. June-August.

Violet Wood Sorrel (Oxalis violacea), page 319, and Common Wood Sorrel (O. Acetosella), page 89. June, July.

Herb Robert (Geranium Robertianum). Page 261. June-October.

Shrubby Trefoil (Ptelea trifoliata). Page 401. June.

The Milkworts (Polygala sanguinea), page 264; (P. Nuttallii), page 319; and (P. cruciata), page 320. June, July.

Of the Sumachs, both harmless and venomous, the species (Rhus typhina), (R. glabra), (R. Vernix), (R. Toxicodendron), pages 385 to 389, are in bloom in June and July.

Inkberry (Ilex glabra). American Holly (I. opaca), and other species. Pages 402, 403, and 495. June.

Burning Bush (Evonymus atropurpureus). Strawberry Bush (E. americanus). Page 456. June.

Climbing Bitter-sweet (Celastrus scandens). Page 389. June.

Spotted Touch-me-not (Impatiens biflora). Page 185. June-September.

Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia). Page 390. June.

(Cissus Ampelopsis). Page 391. June.

Common St. John's-wort (Hypericum perforatum). Page 186.

Frostweed (Helianthemum canadense). Page 192. June-August.

Prickly Pear (Opuntia vulgaris). Page 194. June, July.

Spiked Loosestrife (Lythrum Salicaria). Page 269. June-September.

Purple Loosestrife (L. hyssopifolia). Page 323. June-August.

The unimportant herbs, Seedbox, of the genus Ludvigia, as L. alternifolia, L. hirtella, and others described on pages 35, 195, 271, are summer and early autumn bloomers.

Sundrops (Oenothera jruticosa). . Page 195. June-September.

Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lidetiana). Page 98. June-August.

Hercules Club (Aralia spinosa). Page 408. June, July.

Mock Bishop's-weed (Ptilimnium capillaceum). Page 102. June-October.

Fool's Parsley (Aethusa Cynapium). Page 106. June-August.

Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis); Round-leaved Cornel (C. circinata), (C. paniculata), pages 405, 406. June, July.

Kinnikinnik (C. Amomum). Page 406. June.

Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata). Page 274. June, July.

One-flowered Pyrola (Moneses uniflora). Page 108. June, July.

Shin Leaf (Pyrola elliptica) and (P. americana) are two pretty plants of our woods, in bloom from June to late July. Page no.

Corpse Plant (Monotropa uniflora). Page 110. June-August. False Beech Drops (M. Hypopitys). Page 276. June-October. These are two common parasitic plants found in pine and other woods.

Clammy Azalia (Rhododendron viscosum). Page 411. July.

Great Laurel (R. maximum). Page 411. June, July.

Sheep Laurel (Kalmia angustifolia). Page 442. June, July.

Male Berry (Lyonia ligustrina). Page 413. June, July.

(Galax aphylla). Page 491. June.

Brook-weed (Samolus floribundus). Page 116. June-September.

Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia). Page 198. June, July.

(L. terrestris). Page 198. June-August.

(Steironema ciliatiun). Page 200. June-August.

Sea Milkwort (Glaux maritima). Page 278. June, July.

Common Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis). Page 278. June-August.

Spreading Dogbane (Apocynum androsaemijolium). Page 446. June-August.

Indian Hemp (A. cannabium). Page 418. June-August.

Many species of Milkweeds may be found along the highways and in woods; especially Butterfly-weed (Asclepias tuberosa). Page 200. June-August. Purple Milkweed (A.purpurascens). Page 328. June, July. Common Milkweed (A. syriaca). Page 284. June-August. (A. amplexicaulis). Page 328. June, July. Poke Milkweed (A. phytolaccoidcs). Page 36. June-August.

Hedge Bindweed (Convolvulus septum). Page 419. June-September.

Field Bindweed (C. arvensis). Page 419. June-August.

Dodder (Cuscuta). Page 432. The different species flourish through the summer.

Wild Sweet William (Phlox maculata). Page 284. June-September.

Beggar's Lice (Lappula virginiana). Page 330. June-August.

Viper's BUgloss (Echiumvulgare). Page 331. June-September.

White Vervain (Verbena urticaefolia). Page 120. June-August.

Skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata). Page 335. June-August.

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare). Page 120. June-August.

Giant Hyssop (Agastache nepetoides). Page 202. June-August.

Self-heal (Prunella vulgaris). Page 337. June-September.

False Dragon Head (Physostegia virginiana). Page 287. June-September.

Common Hemp Nettle (Galeopsis Tetrahit). Page 337. June-September.

Motherwort (Leominis Cardiaca). Page 339.

(L. Marrubiasirum). Page 121.

(L. sibiricus). Page 339. June-September.

(Belphilia ciliaia) and (B. hirsuta), page 341, bloom through August.

American Pennyroyal (Hedcoma pulegioides). Page 340. June-August.

Most of the Mints, as Peppermint, Spearmint, etc. (Mentha), are in bloom all summer until the middle or last of August.

Bittersweet (Solaniun Dulcamara). Page 456. June-September.

Black Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger). Page 203. June, July.

Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris). Page 204. June-August.

Two species of Monkey Flower (Mimulus ringens) and (M. alatus), pages 347 and 348, bloom until September.

Hedge Hyssop (Gratiola virginiana). Page 127. June-August.

Water Speedwell (Veronica Anagallis-aquatica) and American Brookline (V. americana), page 348, bloom through August.

Scarlet Painted Cup (Castilleia coccinea). Page 291. June.

Cow Wheat (Melampyrum lineare). Page 208. June-September.

Bedstraw (Galium). Page 128. In flower all summer.

Partridge Berry (Mitchella repens). Page 129. June, July.

Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla Lonicera). Page 435. June-August.

Snowberry (Symphoricarpus racemosus). Page 421. June, July.

Twin-flower (Linnaea borealis). Page 292. June-August.

Cranberry Tree (Viburnum Opulus), and Arrow-wood (V. dentatum), pages 421, 422, are shrubs blooming in June and July.

Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis). Page 423. June, July. Daisy Fleabane (Erigcron ramosus). Page 138. June-October. White-topped Aster (Scriocarpus astcroides). Page 140. June-August.

Salt Marsh Fleabane (Pluchea camphorata). Page 296. June-August.

(Tetragonotlicca heliantltoides). Page 226. June.

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). Page 226. June-September.

(Lepachys pinnata). Page 228. July.

Ox-eye Daisy (Chrysanthemum Leucanthcmum). Page 144. June-August.

Musk Thistle (Carduus nutans). Page 366. June-October.

Yellow Thistle (Cirsium spinosissimum). Page 236. June-August.

(Centaurea Jacca). Page 368. June-September.

Orange Hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum). Page 239. June, July.