Nat. Order.

Nam of Plant.

Part of Plant.

Name of Drug.

Ranunculaceae.....

Aconitum Napellus

Tuber

Aconite.

Anemone Pulsatilla

Herb

Pulsatilla.

" pratensis

"

"

Delphinium Staphisagria

Seed

Stavesacre.

Cimicifuga racemosa

Rhizomeand roots

Cimicifuga.

Hydrastis canadensis

" " "

Hydrastis.

Magnoliaceae.......

Illicium verum

Fruit

Star-anise.

Menispermaceae ...

Jateorrhiza palmata

Root

Calumba.

Chondodendron tomentosum

"

Pareira.

Menispermum canadense

Rhizome and roots

Canadian Moon-seed.

Anamirta paniculata

Neutral principle from seed

Picrotoxin.

Berberideae........

Caulophyllum thalictroides

Rhizome and roots

Blue Cohosh.

Podophyllum peltatum

Rhizome and roots

May apple.

Papaveraceae.....

Papaver somniferum

Exudation from capsules

Opium.

Chelidonium majus

Plant

Celandine.

Sanguinaria canadensis

Rhizome

Bloodroot.

Cruciferae..........

Brassica alba

Seed

White mustard.

" nigra

"

Black mustard.

Polygaleae.........

Polygala Senega

Root

Senega.

Krameria triandra

"

Rhatany.

" Ixina

"

"

Guttiferae............

Garcinia Hanburii

Gum-resin

Gamboge.

Ternstrcemiaceae...

Thea sinensis

Proximate principle from leaves

Caffeine.

Malvaceae.......

Gossypium herbaceum

Hairs of seed

Purified Cotton.

" "

Bark of root

Cotton root bark.

" "

Oil from seed

Cotton seed oil.

Althaea officinalis

Root

Marsh mallow.

Sterculiaceae......

Theobroma Cacao

Oil from seed

Oil of theobroma.

Lineae...........

Linum usitatissimum

Seed and oil

Linseed.

Erythtoxylon Coca

Leaves

Coca.

Zygophylleae......

Guaiacum officinale

Heart wood

Guaiacum wood.

" "

Resin

Guaiac.

" sanctum

Wood

Guaiacum wood.

Geraniaceae.......

Geranium maculatum

Rhizome

Cranesbill.

Rutaceae........

Xantholylum americanum

Bark

Prickly ash.

Clava-Herculis

"

" "

Citrus vulgaris

Rind of fruit

Bitter orange peel.

" Aurantium

" "

Sweet "

" Limonum

" "

Lemon peel.

"

Juice "

" juice.

" Bergamia

Oil from rind of fruit

Oil of bergamot.

Barosma betulina

Leaves

Buchu

" crenulata

"

"

Pilocarpus Selloanus

Leaflets

Jaborandi.

" Jaborandi

"

"

Simarubeae.....

Picrena excelsa

Wood

Quassia.

Burseraceae.........

Commiphora Myrrha

Gum-resin

Myrrh.

Celastrineae.......

Euonymus atropurpureus

Bark of root

Euonymus.

Rhamneae............

Rhamnus Frangula

Bark

Frangula.

" Purshiana.

"

Cascara Sagrada.

Nat. Order.

Name of Plant.

Part of Plant.

Name of Drug.

Vitaceae.........

Vitis Vinifera

From juice of fruit

White Wine.

" "

" " "

Red

Sapindaceae.......

Paullinia Cupana

Seeds

Guarana.

Anacardieae.......

Pistacia Lentiscus.

Resinous exudation

Mastic.

Rhus glabra

Fruit

Rhus glabra.

" radicans

Leaves

Poison Ivy.

Leguminosae.....

Astragalus gummifer

Gummy exudation

Tragacanth.

Acacia Senegal

Gum from stem

Gum Arabic.

Glycyrrhiza glabra and var.

glandulifera

Root

Liquorice.

Cystisus Scoparius

Tops

Broom.

Pterocarpus santalinus

Wood

Red Saunders.

" Marsupium.

Inspissated juice

Kino.

Toluifera Pereirae

Balsam

Balsam of Peru.

" Balsamum

"

Balsam of Tolu.

Physostigma venenosum

Seed

Calabar bean.

Andira Araroba

Neutral principle

Chrysarobin.

Cassia acutifolia

Leaflets

Senna.

" angustifolia

"

"

" Fistula

Fruit

Purging Cassia.

Haematoxylon campechianum

Wood

Logwood.

Tamarindus indica

Pulp of fruit

Tamarind.

Acacia Catechu

Extract from wood

Catechu.

Copaiba Langsdorffii

Oleoresin

Copaiba.

Rosaceae............

Rosa gallica

Petals

Red rose.

" centifolia

"

Pale "

" damascena

Oil from flowers

Oil of rose.

Rubus villosus

Bark of root

Blackberry.

" canadensis

" "

"

" trivialis

" "

"

" idaeus

Fruit

Raspberry.

Prunus Amygdalus var.dulcis

Seed

Sweet almond.

" " " amara

"

Bitter "

Hagenia abyssinia

Female inflorescence

Kousso.

Prunus domestica

Fruit

Prune.

" serotina

Bark

Wild Cherry.

Quillaja Saponaria

"

Soap bark.

Hamamelaceae......

Liquidambar orientalis

Balsam from bark

Storax.

Hamamelis virginiana

Leaves

Hamamelis.

Myrtaceae........

Eugenia aromatica

Unexpandedflowers

Cloves.

Myrcia acris

Oil from leaves

Oil of Bay.

Pimenta officinalis

Fruit

Allspice.

Melaleuca Leucadendron

Oil from leaves

Oil of Cajuput.

Eucalyptus globulus

Leaves

Eucalyptus.

" oleosa

Oil from leaves

Oil of Eucalyptus.

Lythraneae...........

Punica Granatum

Bark of stem and root

Pomegranate.

Cucurbitaceae.....

Citrullus Colocynthis

Fruit

Colocynth.

Bryonia alba

Root

Bryonia.

" dioica

"

"

Cucurbita Pepo

Seed

Pumpkin seed.

Ecballium Elaterium

Juice of Fruit

Elaterium.

Umbellifcrae.........

Conium maculatum

Fruit

Hemlock.

Pimpinella Anisum

"

Anise.

Carum Ajowan

Phenol from oil

Thymol.

Ferula foetida

Gum-resin from root

Asafetida.

Ferula Sumbul

Root

Sumbul.

Dorema Ammoniacum

Gum-resin

Ammoniac.

Coriandrum sativum

Fruit

Coriander.

Foeniculum capillaceum

"

Fennel.

Carum Carvi

"

Caraway.

Nat. Order.

Name of Plant.

Part of Plant.

Name of Drug.

Caprifoliaceae......

Sambucus canadensis

Flowers

Elder.

Viburnum pruni folium

Bark

Black Haw.

" Opulus

"

Cramp Bark.

Rubiaceae..........

Coffea arabica

Proximate principle from seeds

Caffeine.

Cinchona officinalis

Bark

Cinchona bark.

" Calisaya

"

" "

" succirubra

"

Red cinchona.

Cephaelis Ipecacuanha

Root

Ipecac.

Valerianeae.......

Valeriana officinalis

Rhizome and roots

Valerian.

Compositae......

Anacyclus Pyrethrum

Root

Pellitory.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Leaves and flowering tops

Thoroughwort.

Artemisia pauciflora

Flower-heads

Santonica.

Calendula officinalis

Florets

Marigold.

Anthemis nobilis

Flower-heads

Chamomile.

Grindelia robusta

Leaves and flowering tops

Grindelia.

" squarrosa

Leaves and flowering tops

"

Matricaria Chamomilla

Flower-heads

German Chamomile.

Tanacetum vulgare

Leaves and tops

Tansy.

Artemisia Absinthium

" "

Wormwood.

Taraxacum officinale

Root

Dandelion.

Inula Helenium

"

Elecampane.

Arnica montana

Flower-heads

Arnica flowers.

"

Rhizome and roots

" root.

Lactuca virosa

Milk juice

Lactucarium.

Erigeron canadense

Oil from herb

Oil of Fleabane.

Arctium Lappa

Root

Burdock.

Lobeliaceae...........

Lobelia inflata

Leaves and tops

Lobelia.

Ericaceae..............

Arctostaphylos Uva ursi

Leaves

Uva ursi.

Chimaphila umbellata

"

Pipsissewa.

Gaultheria procumbens

Oil from leaves

Oil of wintergreen.

Styraceae...........

Styrax Benzoin

Balsamic Resin

Benzoin.

Oleaceae......

Olea europaea

Oil from fruit

Olive oil.

Fraxinus Ornus

Exudation

Manna.

Apocynaceae.......

Apocynum cannabinum

Root

Canadian Hemp.

Aspidosperma Quebrachobianco

Bark

Quebracho.

Strophantus hispidus

Seed

Strophanthus.

Asclepiadeae.........

Asclepias tuberosa

Root

Pleurisy Root.

Loganiaceae.......

Strychnos Nux-vomica

Seed

Nux vomica.

Spigelia marilandica

Rhizome & roots

Pink root.

Gelsemium sempervirens

" "

Gelsemium.

Gentianeae............

Gentiana lutea

Root

Gentian.

Swertia Chirata

Plant

Chirata.

Hydrophyllaceae...

Eriodictyon glutinosum

Leaves

Eriodictyon.

Convolvulaceae...

Convolvulus Scammonia

Resinous exudation

Scammony.

Ipomoea Jalapa

Tuberous root

Jalap.

Solanaceae.......

Capsicum fastigiatum

Fruit

Capsicum.

Atropa Belladonna

Root and leaves

Belladonna.

Datura Stramonium

Seed and leaves

Stramonium.

Hyoscyamus niger

Leaves and flowering tops

Henbane.

Solanum Dulcamara

Branches

Bittersweet.

Nicotiana Tabacum

Leaves

Tobacco.

Scrophularineae..

Digitalis purpurea

"

Digitalis

Veronica virginica

Rhizome and roots

Culver's Root.

Pedalaceae............

Sesamum indicum

Oil from seed

Benne oil.

Labiatae.........

Rosmarinus officinalis

Oil from leaves

Oil of rosemary.

Salvia officinalis

Leaves

Sage.

Nat. Order.

Name of Plant.

Part op Plant.

Name oF Drug.

Labiate .............

Scutellaria lateriflora

Herb

Scullcap.

Lavandula officinalis

Oil of flowers

Oil of lavender.

Hedeoma pulegioides

Leaves and tops

Pennyroyal.

Mentha piperita

" "

Peppermint.

" viridis

" "

Spearmint.

" arvensis

Stereopten

Menthol.

" canadensis

"

"

Melissa officinalis

Leaves and tops

Balm.

Monarda punctata

Phenol from oil

Thymol.

Thymus vulgaris

" "

"

<l "

Oil from leaves and flowering tops

Oil of thyme.

Mairubium vulgare

Leaves and tops

Horehound.

Chenopodiaceae.....

Chenopodium ambrosioides var. anthelminticum

Fruit

American Worm-seed.

Beta vulgaris

From cane

Sugar.

Phytolaccacae...

Phytolacca decandra

Root

Poke Root.

" "

Fruit

" Berry.

Polygonacese ...

Rheum officinale

Root

Rhubarb.

Rumex crispus

"

Yellow Dock.

Aristolochiaceae...

Aristolochia Serpentaria

Rhizome and roots

Serpentaria.

" reticulata

" "

"

Piperaceae .........

Piper nigrum

Fruit

Black pepper.

Piper Cubeba

"

Cubeb.

Piper angustifolium

Leaves

Matico.

Myristicaceae ....

Myristica fragrans

Seed

Nutmeg.

" II

Arillade of seed

Mace.

Laurineae .....

Cinnamomum - sp. indeter.

Bark of shoots

Chinese Cinnamon

" "

Bark

Saigon "

" zeylanicum

Bark of shoots

Ceylon "

" Camphora

Stearopten

Camphor.

Sassafras variifolium

Bark of root

Sassafras.

" "

Pith

" Pith

Thymelaeacrae..

Daphne Mezereum

Bark

Mezereum.

Santalaceae ....

Santalum album

Oil from wood

Oil of Santal.

Euphorbiaceae ....

Croton Eleuteria

Bark

Cascarilla.

" Tiglium

Oil from seed

Croton oil.

Ricinus communis

" "

Castor oil.

Hevea - sp. indeter.

Milk-juice

India rubber.

Stillingia sylvatica

Root

Queen's root.

Mallotus philippinensis

Glands and hairs from capsules

Kamala.

Urticaceae ......

Humulus Lupulus

Strobiles

Hops.

Ficus Carica

Fleshy receptacle

Fig.

Ulmus fulva

Inner bark

Slippery Elm.

Cannabis saliva

Flowering tops

Indian cannabis.

Juglandaceae ....

Juglans cinerea

Bark of root

Butternut.

Cupuliferae ....

Quercus alba

Bark

White oak.

" lusitanica

Parasitic excrescences

Nutgall.

Castanea dentata

Leaves

Chestnut.

Fagus sylvatica

Wood-tar

Creosote.

Betulaceae ......

Betula lenta

Oil from bark

Volatile oil of Betula.

Salicaceae .....

Salix sp. indet.

Neutral principle

Salicin.

Populus sp. indet.

" ii

ii

Coniferae..............

Abies balsamea

Oleoresin from bark

Canada balsam.

Abies excelsa

Resinous exudation

Burgundy pitch.

Pinus palustris

Oleoresin from wood

Tar.

" "

Oleoresin

Turpentine.

Juniperus communis

Oil from fruit

Oil of juniper.

" Sabina

Tops

Savine.

" Oxycedrus

Distillation of wood

Oil of cade.

Nat. Order.

Name of Plant.

Part of Plant.

Name of Drug.

Orchideae.............

Cypripedium pubescens

Rhizome & roots

ladies' slipper.

" parviflorum

" "

" "

Vanilla planifolia

Fruit

Vanilla.

Scitamineae.......

Elettaria repens

"

Cardamom.

Zingiber officinale

Rhizome

Ginger.

Irideae..................

Crocus sativus

Stigmas

Saffron.

Iris versicolor

Rhizome & roots

Blueflag.

Liliaceae...............

Allium sativum

Blub

Garlic.

Colchicum autumnale

Corm

Colchicum root.

" " "

Seed

" seed.

Convallaria majalis

Rhizome and roots

Convallaria.

Smilax officinalis

Root

Sarsaparilla.

" medica

"

"

" papyracea

"

"

Asagraea officinalis

Alkaloids from seed

Vera trine.

Veratrum viride

Rhizome and roots

Veratrum Viride.

Urginea maritima

Bulb

Squill.

Aloe Perryi

Juice of leaves

Socatrine Aloes.

" vera

"

Barbadoes "

Aroideae............

Acorus Calamus

Rhizome

Sweet Flag.

Gramineae.......

Agropyrum repens

"

Couch-grass.

Zea Mays

Styles and stingmas

Corn-silk.

"

Fecula of seed

Starch.

Hordeum distichum

Seed

Pearl barley.

Saccharum officinarum

From cane

Sugar.

Lycopodiaceae...

Lycopodium clavatum

Spores

Lycopodium.

Filices...........

Dryopteris Filix-mas

Rhizome

Male fern.

" marginalis

"

"

Fungi................

Claviceps purpurea

Sclerotium

Ergot.

Lichenes............

Cetraria islandica

Thallus

Iceland Moss.

Algae...........

Chondrus crispus

Plant

Irish Moss.

Gigartina mamillosa

"