D. APPLETON AND COMPANY.

549 AND 551 BROADWAY.

LONDON: 16 LITTLE BRITAIN.

1875.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1862, by D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at "Washington.

Among the Contributors to the Fourteenth Volume of the Revised Edition are the following:

Prof. Cleveland Abbe, Washington, D. C.

Rain.

Rain Gauge.

Henri Carey Baird, Philadelphia.

Savings Bank.

Hon. George Bancroft, Washington, D. C.

Sandys, Sir Edwin. Sandys, George.

WILLARD BARTLETT. PUNJAUB.

Sahara. Sarawak.

A. M. Bell, M. D., Brooklyn, N. Y.

Pustule, Malignant.

Julius Bing.

Rabelais,

Rousseau, Jean Jacques,

Saint Petersburg,

SCHILLER, JOHANN CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH VON,

Servia, and other articles in biography, geography, and history.

William Blaikie.

ROWING.

Francis C. Bowman.

Rubinstein, Anton. schubert, franz. Schumann, robert.

Edward L. Burlingame, Ph. D.

Prussia (in part). Pumpelly, Raphael. Pygmy.

Robert Carter.

PSALMANAZAR, GEORGE.

Ptolemy I., II., III.

Raleigh, Sir Walter. Seward, William Henry.

John D. Champlin, Jr.

Queensland,

Red Sea,

Ring,

Samoan Islands,

Santo Domingo,

Scotland (in part), and other articles in geography and history.

Prof. E. H. Clarke, M. D., Harvard University.

SarsaParilla (medical part), Sassafras (medical part), Senna (medical part), and other articles in materia medica.

Theodore P. Cook, Utica, N. Y. Seymour, Horatio.

Hon. T. M. Cooley, LL. D., Michigan University, Ann Arbor.

Prize (in part), Prize Money, Record (in part), and other legal articles.

Joseph Crowdy, St. John's, Newfoundland.

Saint John's. Prof. J. C. Dalton, M. D.

Pulse,

Quinsy,

Respiration, and other medical and physiological articles.

Rev. David D. Demarest, D. D., New Brunswick, N. J.

Reformed (Dutch) Church in America.

Prof. T. S. Doolittle, Rutgers College, New Brunswick, 1ST. J. Rutgers College.

M. J. Drennan.

Rene I.

Schleswig and Schleswig-Holstein (history).

Shamyl.

Eaton S. Drone.

Prisons and Prison Discipline, Reformatories, and articles in American geography.

Robert T. Edes, M. D., Harvard University.

Articles in materia medica.

Elder F. W. Evans, Community of Shakers, New Lebanon, N. Y.

Shakers.

W. M. Ferriss.

Proctor, Richard Anthony. Rohlfs, Gerhard.

Seasons.

Austin Flint, Jr., M. D.

Pugilism.

Gen. W. B. Franklin, Superintendent Colt's Firearms Manufactory, Hartford, Conn.

Rifle. Lieutenant Commander Henry H. Gorringe, U. S. N., Washington, D. C.

Rio de Janeiro.

Rio Grande do Norte.

Rosario.

Prof. W. E. Griffis, late of the Imperial College, Tokio, Japan.

Saga. Saghalien.

Alfred H. Guernsey.

Red River (campaign). Richmond, Va. (military events). Sheridan, Philip Henry. Sherman, William Tecumseh.

Dr. Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, Professor of the University of Jena, Germany. Protoplasm.

J. W. Hawes.

Providence, R. I., Quebec (province), Rhode Island, Saint Louis, Mo., and other articles in American geography.

Prof. F. V. Hayden, U. S. Geological Survey,

Washington, D. C. Rocky Mountains.

Angelo Heilprin.

Sedgwick, Adam.

Louis Heilprin.

Pyrenees.

Seven Years' War.

M. Heilprin.

Roumelia.

Samnium.

Seleucia.

Charles Isidore Hemans.

Rome (in part).

John S. Hittell, San Francisco, Cal.

Sacramento River. San Francisco.

Charles L. Hogeboom, M. D.

Puerperal Convulsions. Puerperal Fever. Puerperal Mania. Salts. Sapphire.

Rev. J. H. Hopkins, D. D., Plattsburgh, N. Y.

Ritualism.

Prof. T. Sterry Hunt, LL. D., Mass. Inst. of Technology, Boston.

Rocks.

Rossiter Johnson.

Robinson, Ezekiel Gilman, rochester, n. y., Roebling, John Augustus, and other articles in biography and geography.

Prof. C. A. Joy, Ph. D., Columbia College, New York.

RUBIDIUM, RUTHENIUM, and other chemical articles.

Most Rev. Francis Patrick Kenrick, D. D., late Archbishop of Baltimore.. Roman Catholic Church.

Prof. S. Kneeland, M. D., Mass. Inst. of Technology, Boston.

Radiata, Reptiles,

Salmon, Seal, Shark, Sheep, and other articles in zoölogy.

Charles Lindsey, Toronto, Canada.

Saint Lawrence River. Saskatchewan.

T. J. Lowry, U. S. Coast Survey, San Francisco, Cal.

Protractor. Sextant.

Capt. S. B. Luce, U. S. N., U. S. Navy Yard, Boston.

Rope (in part). Ship (in part).

Prof. Benjamin W. McCready, M. D., Belle-vue Hospital Medical College, New York.

Rheumatism. Scrofula.

Prof. Alfred M. Mayer, Stevens Inst. of Technology, Hoboken, N. J. Pyrometer.

David J. Miller, Santa Fé, New Mexico.

Santa Fé.

Rev. Franklin Noble.

Rogers, John (sculptor),

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe,

Shedd, William Greenough Thayer, and other articles in biography and geography.

Rev. Bernard O'Reilly, D. D.

Quebec (city),

Religious Orders, Roman Catholic, School Brothers and School Sisters, and other articles in ecclesiastical history.

Prof. S. F. Peckham, University of Minnesota.

Red River of the North.

Resins.

Salt.

Richard A. Peoctor, A. M., London.

Saturn, and other astronomical articles.

Pennock Pusey, St. Paul, Minn.

Saint Paul.

A. A. Putnam, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Salt Lake City.

Prof. C. V. Riley, State Entomologist, St. Louis, Mo.

Rocky Mountain Locust.

R. V. Rogers, St. Augustine, Fla.

Saint Augustine.

I. C. Rosse, M. D., Washington, D. C.

Quarantine.

Prof. Philip Schaff, D. D., Union Theological Seminary, New York.

Reformation.

Reformed Church (in part).

Prof. A. J. Schem.

Prussia (in part),

Reformed Church in the United States,

Religious Orders, Protestant,

Second Adventists, and various articles in geography and history.

J. G. Shea, LL. D.

Pueblo Indians,

Seminoles,

Senecas,

Shawnees, and other articles on American Indians.

Prof. Henry B. Smith, D. D., Union Theological Seminary, New York.

Reformed Church (in part).

SCHELLING, FRIEDRICH WlLHELM JOSEPH VON.

Prof. J. A. Spencer, D. D., College of the City of New York.

Rawlinson, George. Rose, Hugh James. Rose, Henry John. Seabury, Samuel (two).

W. L. Stone, Editor of "New York School Journal." Red Jacket.

Riedesel, Friedrich Adolph von, Baron. riedesel, friederike charlotte. Saratoga.

Francis A. Teall.

Roland de la Platière, Jean Marie and Marie,

Rutledge, John and Edward, scanderbeg,

Severus, Lucius Septimius, and other articles in biography and history.

N. L. Thieblin.

Russia (in part). Prof. George Thurber.

Quince,

Rhododendron, Rose, Sequota, and other botanical articles.

Prof. Robert H. Thurston, Stevens Inst. of Technology, Hoboken, N. J. Roof.

John F. Uhlhorn, Sacramento, Cal.

Sacramento.

W. A. Van Benthuysen, Editor of the " Shoe and Leather Chronicle," New York.

Shoe.

Prof. G. A. F. Van Rhyn, Ph. D.

Provencal Language and Literature, '

Pyramid,

Runes,

Semitic Race and Languages, and other archaeological, oriental, and philological articles.

J. M. Varnum, Secretary Board of Trade, St. Joseph, Mo.

Saint Joseph.

Major W. T. Walthall, Mobile, Ala.

Selma.

C. S. Weyman.

Raphael.

Scott, Sir Walter.

Sculpture.

Richard Grant White.

Shakespeare.

Prof. W. D. Whitney, LL. D., Yale College,

New Haven, Conn. Sanskrit.

Gen. James Harrison Wilson.

Railroad. Rocket.