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Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms. A Guide To Correct Writing



With approved methods in speaking and acting, in the vanious relations of life, embracing instruction and examples in penmanship, spelling, use of capital letters, punctuation, composition, writing for the press, proof-reading, epistolary correspondence, notes of invitation, cards, commercial forms, legal business forms, family records, synonyms, short-hand writing, duties of secretaries, parliamentary rules, sign-writing, epitaphs, the laws of etiquette, book-keeping, valuable tables of reference, writing poetry, etc., etc.

TitleHill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing
AuthorThos. E. Hill
PublisherHill Standard Book Co., Publishers
Year1888
Copyright1886, Thos. E. Hill
AmazonHill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America
Hill's Manual Of Social And Business FormsTHOS. E. HILL

By Thos. E. Hill, Author Of "Hill's Album On Biography And Art" and "Morals And Manners, Illustrated."

All portions of this book are protected by copyright, and infringements will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

To The Millions Who Would, And May, Easily And Gracefully Express The Right Thought, This Work Is Respectfully Dedicated.

Hill s Manual Of Social And Business Forms A Guide 3
-Preface
Written Ten Years after the First Issue of This Work, Giving an Outline Sketch of the Causes Which Produced Hill's Manual. THE purpose of this book is to teach how to write the document correctly, an...
-Preface. Continued
DIVISION 17. BOOKKEEPING FORMS. Suitable for the Use of Tradesmen, Mechanics and Farmers, of Great Service to the Masses, Because so Simplified as to be Easily Understood in a Short Time of Study......
-Division 1. Penmanship Pen-Flourishing
Writing WRITING is the art of placing thought, by means of written characters, upon any object capable of receiving the same. The origin of this art is completely veiled in obscurity, no history givi...
-How To Practice Writing
Having the necessary materials in readiness for writing, the student should set apart a certain hour or two each day for practice in penmanship, for at least one month, carefully observing the followi...
-Legibility
Legibility is of the greatest importance in penmanship ; and care should be observed to make each letter very distinctly what it is designed to be. While practicing with a view to improvement, the stu...
-Views Of The Correct Position For Holding Hand And Pen While Writing
No. I. No. 1 Represents the first position to be taken, when placing the hand in correct position for writing. As will be seen, the hand is squarely on the palm, and not rolled to one side. The wr...
-Views Representing Incorrect Positions For Hand And Pen While Writing
No. 6 Represents the evil effect of rolling the hand too much to one side, and holding all of the fingers so straight as to completely lose command of them. The result is a stiff, heavy, cramped penma...
-Penmanship Nature's Rules
THERE are a few general principles in Nature that are applicable to penmanship. These principles are eternal, and will never change. Curved Lines The first is that of curved lines. Those objects in ...
-Small Letters Contrasted, Showing Probable Faults. Right And Wrong
Wrong. Right. 1st a is not closed at the top. It resembles a u. 2nd a contains a loop and resembles an e. Wrong. Right. 1st j is crooked and contains too much loop at the bottom. 2nd j, loop ...
-Small Letters Contrasted, Showing Probable Faults. Right And Wrong. Continued
Wrong. Right. 1st M spreads too much at the top and has a bad capital stem. 2nd M is too close at the top, has a bad capital stem, the last O part spreading too much. Wrong. Right. 1st V cont...
-Teaching Penmanship
DURING the past twenty years great improvement has been wrought in the penmanship of our youth, by the general introduction of writing books into our common schools, containing engraved copy lines; an...
-Programme Of Exercises For Each Lesson. First Lesson
CALLING audience to order. Brief statement of what it is proposed to accomplish during the course of instruction. Assembling of the members of the class in front of the teacher, when each pupil, able ...
-Programme Of Exercises For Each Lesson. First Lesson. Part 2
PLATE V PLATE VI Sixth Lesson General drill by the class on small letters and capitals. Review by the teacher of the capital stem on the blackboard and the making of all capitals in which it ...
-Programme Of Exercises For Each Lesson. First Lesson. Part 3
Eleventh Lesson General review in penmanship, with practice in writing book for half an hour, followed by writing of last specimens, as follows: This is a specimen of my penmanship after taking les...
-Suggestions To Teachers
A WRITING School conducted thus, according to the foregoing arrangement of lessons, the principles of penmanship being explicitly illustrated on the blackboard and taught by a thoroughly competent tea...
-Concluding Suggestions On Penmanship To Learners
THIS book, as is designed, will fall into the hands of many who will never have an opportunity of receiving instruction from a professional teacher. To practice penmanship to advantage, unaided by th...
-Copies For Writing-School
STANDARD copies for the twelve lessons may consist of the following script lines, though it is important that they be as perfectly prepared as the copies shown on Plates I, II, III and IV. The extra ...
-Division 2. Short-Handing
Self-Instructor In Short-Hand Writing Short-Hand Writing. Short-Hand for Business Purposes. EVERY year adds proof, by the constantly increasing demand for it, how indispensable in a modern education...
-Division 3. Spelling By Different Methods
The Alphabet Of Tachygraphy. Consonantal Signs SIGN. NAME. SOUND. SIGN. NAME. BOUND. Be, b in bay. The, th in they. ...
-Consonantal Diphthongs
Br, as in brow. Pr, as in prow. Gr, as in grow. Cr, as in crow. Dr, as in draw. Tr, as in try. Vr, as in over. Fr, as in free. Zhr, as in measure. Shr, as in shred. Thr, as in other. Thr, as ...
-Rules For Spelling. Spelling
BEAUTIFUL penmanship should be accompanied by correct spelling. If the person can possess but one accomplishment, it is, in fact, better to spell correctly than to write well. Nothing so mars the effe...
-Words Of Similar Pronunciation That Are Spelled Differently
Ail, Ale. Ail, unwell; Ale, a liquor. All, Awl. All, everyone; Awl, shoemaker's tool. Bear, Bare. Bear, wild animal; Bare, naked. Bier, Beer. Bier, frame for carrying corpse; Beer, a malt liquor. ...
-Spelling By Sound. A System Of Orthography
A SYSTEM OF ORTHOGRAPHY, whereby superfluous letters could be dispensed with, educational reformers have long sought to introduce. Of these, the following method of Spelling by Sound was published som...
-Division 4. Punctuation And Capitalization
Capital Letters MANY people greatly disfigure their writing, and stamp themselves as illiterate, by the omission or improper use of capital letters. What do we think of the man who, wishing to place...
-Rules For Punctuation
The Comma (,). Wherever occurs a distinct natural division of a sentence; or where two or more words are connected, without the connecting word being expressed, the comma is used; as Dealer in hats,...
-Marks Of Pronunciation
For the purpose of giving inflection to certain words, or to designate the prolongation of occasional syllables in a word, the author frequently finds it convenient to use certain characters to denote...
-Marks Directing Attention
The Index is used to call special attention to an important line or clause in the writing or printing , as: Five per cent discount for cash. The Asterism or Stars (***) is used to designate ...
-Division 5. Grammar And Faults Of Speech
Suggestions Concerning Grammar The Parts of Speech. IMPROPER USE OF WORDS. GRAMMAR is the art of writing or speaking a language correctly. There are eight distinct parts of speech, named as follows:...
-Division 6. Rhetoricall Composition
Mistakes In Grammar Which Are Often Heard. Superfluous Words, Improper Phrases, And Errors Of Grammar MANY of the following expressions may be heard in the ordinary conversation of every day life. Th...
-Division 6. Rhetoricall Composition. Continued
Two spoonsful of tea, should be Two spoonfuls of tea. I'll give you fits, should be I will attend to you. A new pair of boots, should be A pair of new boots. The best of the two, sho...
-The Means By Which Excellence May Be Attained In Writing. Aids To Composition. A Summary Of Important Suggestions
WHAT is said elsewhere in this book in relation to the formation and expression of language is of general interest to all who desire to speak and write correctly, and without these instructions it is ...
-The Reading Of The Essay
It is a public occasion. Coming- to the front, upon the stage, confident, easy and natural, with manuscript held in the left hand, that the right may be free for gesture if required, the lady reads he...
-Suggestions Concerning Composition. Topics Suitable For Composition
A Visit to Chicago. Opportunity for Work. The Bachelor's Home. Discoveries of Galileo. Visit to a Poor-House. Thanksgiving Thoughts. People whom we Meet. Memory and Reflection. The Fate of Joa...
-Ideas Expressed In Few Words. Brevity In Composition
To be able to talk correctly, the student should first be able to write properly. Not only should penmanship be plain and easy, words rightly spelled, capitals correctly used, and sentences grammatica...
-Ideas Expressed In Few Words. Brevity In Composition. Part 2
HENRY MOSELT. The other telegraphed as follows : Perryville, Ky. , Oct. 9, 1862. Uninjured. HIRAM MAYNARD. Hiram well knew that his friends would hear immediately of the battle from the newspapers...
-Ideas Expressed In Few Words. Brevity In Composition. Part 3
Parody - 'Tis the last golden dollar, left shining alone; All its brilliant companions are squandered and gone; No coin of its mintage reflects back its hue, They went in mint juleps, and this wil...
-Laws Of Language
The following rules by Dr. Campbell, in reference to the construction of sentences and choice of words, will be found of service : 1. When the usage is divided as to any particular words or phrases, ...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms
Dictionary Of Synonymous Words. Several Thousand Synonymous Words. For The Use Of Writers And Speakers QUITE a common fault is that of using, when writing, the same word several times in a sentence. ...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 2
Agitation - disturbance, trepidation, tremor. Agony - pain, distress, torture, anguish, suffering. Agree - accede, acquiesce, assent, consent, concur, comply. Agreeable - suitable, acceptable, plea...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 3
Beg - crave, beseech, entreat, ask, request, implore, solicit, supplicate. Begin - originate, enter upon, commence. Beguile - delude, mislead, amuse, deceive, impose upon. Behavior - conduct, carri...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 4
Chide - scold, rebuke, reprove, reprimand. Chiefly - mainly, principally, particularly, especially. Childish - simple, puerile, trifling. Childhood - infancy, minority. Children - offspring, issue, ...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 5
Confederate - ally, accomplice, associate. Confer - give, bestow, discourse, grant. Confess - acknowledge, grant, own, admit, avow, recognize, disclose. Confide - rely, trust, repose, depend. Conf...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 6
Dealing - trade, practice, traffic, commerce. Dearth - famine, need, scarcity, want. Debar - deter, hinder, prevent, exclude, preclude. Debase - lower, degrade, humble, disgrace. Debate - argue, w...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 7
Diffident - retiring, fearful, bashful, distrustful, modest, hesitating. Dignified - exalted, elevated, honored, stately. Diligent - industrious, assiduous, laborious, active, persevering, attentive...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 8
Endeavor - aim, exertion, effort, attempt. Endless - unending, everlasting, perpetual, interminable, infinite, incessant, eternal. Endurance - submission, fortitude, patience, resignation. Enemy - ...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 9
Fear - alarm, dread, timidity, terror, fright, trepidation, apprehension. Fearful - dreadful, horrible, terrible, awful, afraid, timorous, timid. Fearless - daring, brave, intrepid, undaunted, coura...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 10
Grant - give, bestow, cede, confer, concede, sell, yield. Grasp - grip, seize, catch. Grateful - thankful, agreeable, delicious, pleasing. Gratification - indulgence, happiness, enjoyment, fruition...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 11
Imperious - commanding, domineering, haughty, imperative, proud, lordly, overbearing, tyrannical. Impertinent - rude, quarrelsome, intrusive, insolent, meddling, irrelevant, troublesome. Impetuous -...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 12
Invalidate - weaken, injure, destroy, overthrow. Invective - censure, abuse, railing, reproach, satire. Invent - feign, fabricate. frame, conceive, discover, devise. Invest - enclose, surround, con...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 13
Magnitude - size, greatness, bulk. Maintain - sustain, keep, support, help, continue, assert, defend, vindicate. Malady - evil, disease, affliction, disorder, distemper. Manage - control, direct, c...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 14
Obvious - plain, apparent, open, clear, evident, visible, manifest. Occupation - work, profession, calling, trade, business, avocation, employment. Occupy - keep, hold, use, possess. Occurrence - e...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 15
Pledge - pawn, deposit, security, hostage, earnest. Plentiful - bounteous, abundant, copious, exuberant, ample, plenteous. Pliant - lithe, limber, yielding, bending, supple, flexible, pliable. Plig...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 16
Proud - haughty, assuming, arrogant, lofty, vain, conceited. Proverb - maxim, saying, adage. Provide - procure, furnish, supply, prepare. Provident - cautious, prudent, economical, careful. Provis...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 17
Respectful - deferential, dutiful, obedient, civil. Respite - delay, suspension, interval, reprieve. Response - reply, answer, rejoinder. Responsible - amenable, answer-able, accountable. Rest - q...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 18
Simple - weak, silly, artless, foolish, unwise, stupid, plain, single. Simply - solely, merely, only. Since - for, as, inasmuch, after. Sincere - true, honest, frank, upright, incorrupt, plain. Si...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 19
Summon - cite, call, invite, bid, convoke. Sundry - several,various, diverse, different. Superficial - flimsy, slight, shallow. Supersede - supplant, overrule, displace. Supplicate - solicit, entre...
-Division 7. Dictionary Of Synonyms. Part 20
Undaunted - courageous, bold, fearless, intrepid. Undeniable - indisputable, incontrovertible, unquestionable. Under - subordinate, lower, beneath, below, inferior, subject, subjacent. Understandin...
-Division 8. Letter-Writing. Letters Of Correspondence
YOU have thoughts that you wish to communicate to another through the medium of a letter. Possibly you have a favor to bestow. Quite as likely you have a favor to ask. In either case you wish to wr...
-Kinds Of Paper To Use
Be particular to use a sheet appropriate in shape to the purpose for which it is employed. Paper is now manufactured of every size adapted to the wants of any article written. The names of the various...
-Etiquette Of Letter Writing
As a rule, every letter, unless insulting in its character, requires an answer. To neglect to answer a letter, when written to, is as uncivil as to neglect to reply when spoken to. In the reply, ackn...
-Titles
IT IS customary, in the heading of petitions to persons in official positions, in the complimentary address of a letter, and in superscriptions, to give each their proper title. These are divided into...
-Titles In Europe And America. Titles Of The Dignitaries, Prelates, Clergy, And Other Officers Of The Roman Catholic Church
Of the Pope - His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. Of a Cardinal - His Eminence John, Cardinal McCloskey. Of an Archbishop - Most Rev. T. J. Burroughs, D. D. Of a Bishop - Rt. Rev. Thomas Foley, D. D. Of a...
-Superscriptions
ENVELOPES that are perfectly plain, for ordinary letter writing, are regarded as in much the best taste. Ladies do well to use white. Buff, light straw color, or manila answer for business purposes, t...
-Forms For Writing Superscriptions
In writing the superscription, commence the name a little to the left of the center of the envelope. The town, on a line beneath, should extend a little to the right of the name. The State, next belo...
-Division 9. Epistolary Forms
Directions For Writing Business Letters Business Letters IN letters of business, use as few words as possible. 2. Business letters should be promptly answered. 3. Use a clear, distinct writing,...
-Ordering Goods
In ordering goods, state very explicitly the amount, kind, quality, color, shape, size, etc., and on what terms wanted. Whether you wish the same sent by freight or express, and what express. Much inc...
-Ordering Goods. Continued
My object in writing you at present is to learn your best terms for a residence containing not less than ten rooms, having from six to ten acres of land attached, situated not over a mile from the pos...
-Answer To The Foregoing
Big Stranger, Kansas, Aug. 15,18 - . Mr. Chas. W. Canfield, Toledo, Ohio. Bear Sir: Your welcome letter was received yesterday. I can assure you that I will be only too happy to furnish you all the ...
-Letters Applying For Employment. Applications For Situations. Letters Answering Advertisements
THE following advertisements, taken from metropolitan papers, are but samples of hundreds of such to be seen every day in the advertising columns of the leading daily newspapers in the great cities; s...
-Letters Applying For Situations. General Directions
Letters in reply to advertisements should be written immediately, else you may be too late. Paste the advertisement at the head of your letter; thus it will be known exactly what your communication h...
-Testimonials Of Character And Ability. Letters Of Recommendation
KNOWLEDGE of persons recommended, of their fitness and capacity for the work they engage in, is always essential, before they can be conscien-tiously commended to others. A letter of recommendation s...
-Letters Of Sympathy. Expressions Of Condolence
A LETTER of sympathy and condolence, though unpleasant to write, may afford inexpressible comfort to a friend in the hour of affliction. Make your letter as brief, but earnest and sincere, as possible...
-Congratulatory Letters
LETTERS of Congratulation are very properly written upon receiving intelligence of the sudden prosperity of a near and intimate friend. They should be written as soon as possible after the occasion t...
-Letters Introducing One Person To Another
LETTERS of Introduction should be written very plainly, and should be brief, as the person introduced is compelled to wait while the letter is being read. In introducing a person in a business capaci...
-Letters Of Admonition. Letters Of Advice
YOUR life has been a success, said an individual to an old and prosperous business man. To what dc you attribute your success? To an admonition given me by my father, when a boy, which was this: ...
-Letters Of Apology. Letters Of Excuse
LETTERS of Excuse should be written as promptly as may be. Any damage that may have been caused by yourself, you should, if possible, repair immediately, with interest. In apologizing for misconduct...
-Letters Asking And Granting Favors. Letters Asking Favors
IT is to be hoped that you will not often be compelled to write a letter asking a favor. Do not urge your claims too strongly. Should you be refused, you will feel the more deeply humiliated. In con...
-Letters Accompanying Gifts
USUALLY, in sending gifts, it is customary to accompany the same with a prettily written note. Such letters, with their answers, are very brief, and are usually written in the third person, unless amo...
-Letters To Relatives And Friends
WRITE letters to friends and relatives very often. As a rule, the more frequent such letters, the more minute they are in giving particulars; and the longer you make them, the better. The absent ...
-Letters To Relatives And Friends. Continued
I am at last safely under uncle's roof, having arrived here last evening, baby and myself both well, but really very tired. We had no delay, except about two hours at Buffalo. Uncle met me at the dep...
-From A Young Man Who Has Recently Entered College
Harvard College, Mass., May 18,18 - . Dear Father: I am happy to inform you that I passed my examination with credit, if I am to believe the commendation bestowed upon me by Dr. H-----. I was very a...
-Descriptive Letter From A Young Man At The " Old Home," To His Parents In The West
Cambridge, N. Y., June 18,1873. Dear Parents: Agreeable to your request, I take the first opportunity, after my visit to the old home and a hurried call upon our relatives, to write you how I found...
-Descriptive Letter From A Young Lady Visiting Chicago, To Her Parents In The East
Chicago, ILL., June 1,1873. Dear Parents: Having been the rounds among our relatives here, I seat myself to give you something of an idea of this wonderful city - in many respects one of the most re...
-Hints On Writing Love-Letters. Letters Of Love
OF all letters, the love-letter should be the most carefully prepared. Among the written missives, they are the most thoroughly read and re-read, the longest preserved, and the most likely to be regre...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence
Some gentlemen, being very favorably impressed with a lady at first sight, and having no immediate opportunity for introduction, make bold, after learning her name, to write her at once, seeking an in...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence. Part 2
Ever Faithfully Yours, WINFIELD BAKER. Reply To The Foregoing 814-----St., May 10,18 - . Dear Winfield: I have had my cry over your letter - a long, hard cry. Of course, I know that does not help...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence. Part 3
I have always admired your natural ability; I appreciate you for your industry; I respect you for your filial conduct towards your parents. In fact, I consider you quite a model young man, were it not...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence. Part 4
Respectfully, AMELIA HENDERSON. An Advertisement In A Morning Paper PERSONAL. - Will the lady who rode up Broadway last Thursday afternoon, about two o'clock, in an omnibus, getting out at Stewart'...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence. Part 5
Respectfully, NANCY HILLIS. A Gentleman Makes a Frank Acknowledgment. - Gushing with Sentiment, and Running Over with Poetry. White Mountains, N. H., Oct. 1, 18 - . My Dear Mary : One by one the ...
-How To Begin A Love Correspondence. Part 6
I do not think we could live happily together if we were married, because, from disparaging remarks I have heard you make concerning people that are not wealthy, I think you would be entirely dissatis...
-Division 10. Social Forms. Wedding Cards And Invitations. Wedding Cards
IF the lady who marries resides with her parents, with relatives, guardians, or friends, and the marriage receives the approval of those parties, the ceremony usually takes place at the residence of t...
-Invitations To The Wedding
THE following, are among the many of the various styles of notes of invitation to the wedding ceremony. The form shown here, is printed on paper about the width, but a little shorter than, commercial ...
-Notices Of Marriage. Marriage Notices, Etc
ASIDE from the entertainments of guests at the residence of the bride, the expenses of the marriage are entirely borne by the groom, who is understood to be the winner of the prize. If the parties mar...
-Division 11. Family Records. Record And Biographical Sketches of The Family. Family Records
How to Prepare the Register; giving Names of the Family, Births, Marriages and Deaths. DURING LIFE, a carefully prepared record of the family, which should be arranged by the head of the household, i...
-Marriage Anniversaries. Gold, Silver And Other Weddings
FASHION has established the custom, of late years, of celebrating certain anniversaries of the marriage, these being named as follows: The celebration at the expiration of the first year is called th...
-Notes Of Invitation To Parties And Elsewhere
NOTES of invitation to a large party are usually printed and displayed in a style similar to the annexed, being always worded in the third person. If written, and among intimate friends, a more famili...
-Invitations To Parties And Funerals. Familiar Invitation To A Wedding
No.--------------St., Dec. 12, 18 - . Dear Hattie : I have issued but few invitations for our Aggie's wedding, as we desire to be almost entirely private; but the presence of a few dear friends will...
-Visiting And Address Cards
FOUR kinds of cards are in general use, viz.: Wedding, Autograph or Visiting, Address, and Business cards. The wedding has already been described. The visiting card is used principally by the lady in ...
-Division 12. Language Of Flowers. Language And Sentiment Of Flowers. A Dictionary Of The Language Of Flowers
A VERY charming and interesting method of communicating thought is by the aid of flowers, their language and sentiment being understood by the parties who present them. Although the following list is ...
-A Dictionary Of The Language Of Flowers. Part 2
Cucumber..... Cypress....... Dahlia....... Daffodil..... Daisy, Garden... Daisy, Single Field. Dandelion..... Datura....... Dew Plant..... Dittany of Crete Dodder....... Ebony Tree..... Eg...
-A Dictionary Of The Language Of Flowers. Part 3
Oxalis........ Pansy, Purple.... Parsley........ Passion Flower.... Peach Blossom.... Peony ........ Persimmons..... Peppermint...... Pennyroyal...... Periwinkle ..... Phlox......... Pimper...
-A Dictionary Of The Language Of Flowers. Part 4
Forsaken. Pretension. Joy. Fraternal love. Absence. Cure for the heartache. Sadness. I mourn your absence. Vocabulary Of Given Names, For Reference Names of Men, Alphabetically Arra...
-Division 13. Selections For The Album. Prose And Poetic Gems From The Best Authors
THE individual is frequently called upon for his or her autograph. In complying, it is customary to couple with the same a sentiment, signing the name beneath. If the matter written is original, be it...
-Prose And Poetic Gems From The Best Authors. Continued
The deepest and the greatest: And deeper still the flood-marks grow ;- So, since the hour I met thee. The more the tide of time doth flow, The less can I forget thee! When you are gone, oh where has...
-Division 14. Laws Of Etiquette. Pleasant Words And Agreeable Manners
TO be loved is the instinctive desire of every human heart. To be respected, to be honored, to be successful, is the universal ambition. The ever constant desire of all is to be happy. This never vary...
-Natural And Acquired Politeness
To some, a pleasing manner comes very naturally. If born to the possession of an easy flow of language, agreeableness of address, poetical and imaginative power, and large knowledge of human nature, t...
-Forms Of Introductions And Salutations. Etiquette Of Introductions
howing the Means by which People are Gracefully and Easily Introduced to One Another. Pleasant Acquaintance Made, Resulting often in Lasting Friendship. HERE are various forms of introduction to be...
-General Suggestions About Introductions
Ladies being introduced should never bow hastily, but with slow and measured dignity. The inferior is to be introduced to the superior; the younger to the older; the gentleman to the lady. It is the...
-Introductions At Court And Presidential Receptions
In paying your respects to the President of the United States, you will be introduced by the master of ceremonies on public occasions. At other times, to send in your card will secure you audience, al...
-Forms Of Salutation
Common forms of salutation, in America, are the bow, the kiss, words of address, and shaking hands. Acquaintances are usually entitled to the courtesy of a bow. It is poor policy to refuse recognitio...
-How To Address Others - Nicknames
Use the title, when speaking to others, whenever possible. Thus, addressing John Brown, a Justice of the Peace, say Squire; Dr. Bell you will address as Doctor; Mayor Williams, as Mayor; Senat...
-Etiquette Of Shaking Hands - Ways Of Clasping Hands
ACCOMPANYING the salutation of hand-shaking, it is common, according to the customs of English-speaking people, to inquire concerning the health, news, etc. Offer the whole hand. It is an insult, and ...
-Etiquette Of Calling
THE morning call should be very brief. This formal call is mainly one of ceremony, and from ten to twenty minutes is a sufficient length of time to prolong it. It should never exceed half an hour. In...
-The Use Of Cards When Calling
The gentleman's card should bear nothing but the name and address of the caller, in small script or card text. In addition, the lady's card may bear the Mrs. or the Miss, thus: CHARLES BELDEN Cam...
-What Should Be Avoided When Calling
Do not stare around the room. Do not take a dog or small child. Do not linger at the dinner-hour. Do not lay aside the bonnet at a formal call. Do not fidget with your cane, hat or parasol. Do no...
-Disagreeable Callers. New Year's Calling
The Inquisitive, Disagreeable Caller. AMONG the disagreeable callers are the husband and wife who come with a child and a small dog; the husband making himself familiar with the hostess, the dog b...
-What To Observe And What To Avoid When Talking. Etiquette Of Conversation. How, When And Where To Speak
TO ACQUIRE the art of conversation in a superior degree, there must be intimacy with those who possess refinement and general information. There must also be observed certain general rules in order to...
-How To Please In Conversation
Use clear, distinct words to express your ideas, although the tone of your voice should be subdued. Be cool, collected and self-possessed, using respectful, chaste and appropriate language. Always d...
-Coarse And Boisterous
THE refinement and culture of an individual can be largely deter-mined by the tone of voice and the manner of speaking. In ordinary conversation the wild gesticulation, the coarse and boisterous laugh...
-Cultured And Refined
IN the social gathering here brought to view we have a strong con-trast to that on the opposite page. The positions are graceful and easy, with quietude and gentleness of manner, and the self-possessi...
-Etiquette Of The Party And Ball The Dance - Rules That Should Govern It
The Preparations. The Invitations and General Conduct of the Entertainment. THE entertainment yon intend giving is larger than a dinner party - one to which you will invite a greater number of your f...
-Forms Of Invitations - Individual Conduct. Invitations To All The Family
In sending invitations to a family where there are parents, sons and daughters, all of whom you desire to invite, inclose an invitation full and complete to the heads of the family, one to the daughte...
-Forms Of Invitations - Individual Conduct. Invitations To All The Family. Continued
While upon the floor, awaiting the music, a lady and gentleman should avoid long conversations, as they are likely to interfere with the dance: but a pleasant word or two in light conversation will be...
-Etiquette Of The Table. The Table-How To Set And Arrange It
THE dinner-hour will completely test the refinement, the culture and good breeding which the individual may possess. To appear advantageously at the table, the person must not only understand the laws...
-Eating With The Fork
Fashions continually change. It does not foll6w, because he does not keep up with them, that a man lacks brains; still to keep somewhere near the prevailing style, in habit, costume and general deport...
-Actions Which Indicate Bad Manners When Eating. Errors To Be Avoided
DO NOT speak disrespectfully to the waiters, nor apologize to them for making them trouble; it is their business to bring forward the food called for. It is courtesy, however, when asked if you desire...
-Politeness At The Table
PROPERLY conducted, the dinner-party should be a pleasant affair; and if rightly managed, from the beginning to the end, it may prove a very enjoyable occasion to all in attendance, the dinner being f...
-Drinking From The Teacup
Formerly it was the fashion to pour tea into the saucer; not so now. Tea should be gently sipped from the spoon or cup, taking cup and spoon in hand (Fig. 15) when drinking, as shown in the accompanyi...
-Etiquette Of Parties In General. Sociables, Tea-Parties, Private Theatricals, Picnics, Etc
THERE are many other kinds of gatherings, aside from the formal dinner-party and the ball, where less formality is required, but where the rules of etiquette, nevertheless, must be continually brought...
-Piano-Playing
Should dancing form a principal feature of the entertainment, and the piano be used to furnish music, the hostess or one of the family should play the instrument. One of the guests should not be depen...
-How To Entertain The Party
If it happens to be stormy on the evening of your party, an awning erected from the carriage-landing to the house, or a large umbrella carried by a servant, will be a kind provision for the comfort of...
-Etiquette For Public Places
It is not etiquette for a young lady to visit a place of public amusement with a gentleman, alone, with whom she is but slightly acquainted. Her escort should the first time invite another member of t...
-How To Make The Visit Agreeable. Etiquette Of Visiting. When, Where And How To Visit
BEFORE making a visit, you should be perfectly certain that your visit will be agreeable. It is common for some people to be very cordial, and even profuse in their offers of hospitality. They unques...
-What Is Expected Of The Guest When Visiting
You are expected to pleasantly accept such hospitality as your friends can afford. If no previous understanding has been had, the visit should be limited to three days, or a week at most. You should...
-Conduct At Places Of Public Amusement
While a quiet conversation is allowable in the intervals after the opening of the performance, close attention should be given to the stage. Should it be a concert, the utmost stillness should be obse...
-Courtship And Marriage. Conditions That Promote Happiness
THE happiness of married life comes from pleasant, harmonious relations existing between husband and wife. If rightly mated in the conjugal state, life will be one continual joy. If unhappily wedded, ...
-Suggestions Concerning Courtship. Natural Selection
In the first place, observation proves that selections made in nature by the beasts of the field and fowls of the air, of couples which pair, the male is always the strongest, generally the largest, t...
-How The Wedding Is Conducted. Conduct During The Engagement
An engagement having been made, it is desirable that it be carried to a successful termination by marriage. To do this, considerable depends upon both parties. The gentleman should be upon pleasant t...
-Conduct Of Husbands And Wives Toward Each Other
Only the bridegroom is congratulated at the wedding; it is he who is supposed to have won the prize. Acquaintances of both should speak to the bride first; but if acquainted with but one, they will ad...
-The Wife's Duty
Never should a wife display her best conduct, her accomplishments, her smiles, and her best nature, exclusively away from home. Be careful in your purchases. Let your husband know what you buy, and t...
-The Husband's Duty
A very grave responsibility has the man assumed in his marriage. Doting parents have confided to his care the welfare of a loved daughter, and a trusting woman has risked all her future happiness in h...
-What To Do And What To Avoid When Traveling
The wise husband will provide for the moral and spiritual growth of his family by regular attendance at church; the spiritual faculties of our nature are given for a beneficent purpose; their exercise...
-Etiquette Of Travelling
THE reader will call to mind people who always appear at ease when they are traveling. Investigation will prove that these individuals have usually had a wide experience in journeying, and an extensiv...
-The Horseback Ride, And The Rules That Govern It
A gentleman who may act as escort for a lady when riding should be very careful that the horse selected for her is entirely reliable and gentle. If he has no horse of his own, and she has none to whic...
-Etiquette Of The Funeral. Conduct Which Is Appropriate
SHOULD there be no competent, near friend of the family to take charge of the funeral, then its management should devolve upon the sexton of the church, the undertaker, or other suitable person. It i...
-Etiquette Of Carriage-Riding. Precautions Against Accidents
THE mode of entering a carriage will depend somewhat upon circumstances. Should the team be very restive, and the gentleman remain in the carriage the better to control his horses, the lady will enter...
-Ladles Unattended
For the advantage of the unattended lady who may be stopping at a hotel, the following suggestions are made. The lady should enter a hotel by the ladies' en-tranc e . When in the parlor, she should s...
-Suggestions Concerning Conduct Appropriate In The House Of Worship
The Stillness, Order and Reverence Due the Place and Occasion. A CHURCH should be entered with a most reverent feeling. The object of attending divine service is to improve the spiritual nature, and ...
-Treatment Of Employes
IT TAKES every grade of society to make the complete whole. One class is just as necessary as the other. In carrying forward great enterprises, how plainly do we see this manifested. Take the building...
-Suggestions To Teachers. Requisites For Successful Management In The School-Room
Etiquette in the School. THE following are the requisites for successful management in the school-room: The teacher must be a good judge of human nature. If so, his knowledge will teach him that ...
-Duty Of The Pupil
It should be the aim of the student to be punctual in attendance at school, to be thorough in study, and good in recitation. The boy or girl who would be successful in after-life must lay the foundati...
-Etiquette In The Home Parents And Children
IN TEMPERAMENT, physical characteristics, mental development and moral inclination, the child is what it has been made by its inheritance and the training it has received since infancy. Born of parent...
-What Parents Should Never Do
Never speak harshly to a child. Never use disrespectful names. Never use profane or vulgar words in the presence of a child. Do not be so cold and austere as to drive your child from yon. Negle...
-What Parents Should Do
Always speak in a pleasant voice. Teach your children how to work; how to obtain a living by their own efforts. Teach them the nobility and the dignity of labor, that they may respect and honor the p...
-The Scientific Principles Which Apply To Dress. Attractive Personal Appearance. Elements Of The Beautiful
THE love of beautiful adornment is innate in the human mind, and in reality has a great influence in elevating and refining the race. It is true that the mind maysome-times be too much given to person...
-Suggestions Relating To The Selection Of Harmonious Colors In Personal Adornment With Hints On The Care Of The Person
Colors that Befit the Blonde and Colors for the Brunette. VERY SAFE is it to assume that the reader desires health and beauty, and is willing perhaps to govern habits accordingly. Observe then the fo...
-The Breath
The breath should be watched, lest it become offensive. Unfortunately, it is one of the troubles which we may not be aware of, as our friends may not feel at liberty to inform us of the difficulty. O...
-The Skin
Beware of exterior application of cosmetics for the purpose of beautifying the skin. The greatest beautifiers in existence are plenty of exercise in the fresh air, the keeping of the pores of the skin...
-The Hand
Various are the recipes for keeping the hand beautiful. If not engaged in hard manual labor, and it is very desirable to make the hands present as handsome an appearance as possible, there are a few d...
-The Feet
Much care should be taken to keep the feet in good condition. The first important consideration in their management is perfect cleanliness. Some people find it necessary to wash the feet morning and e...
-The Hair
The head should be washed occasionally with soap and water. Follow by wiping perfectly dry, and afterward brush the hair and scalp with a hair-brush of moderate hardness. When the hair is inclined to ...
-The Teeth
The teeth should be thoroughly cleaned with a toothbrush each morning after breakfast. Some persons clean the teeth after every meal, which is a most excellent habit. By cleaning the teeth regularly, ...
-Ears, Eyes And Nose
In the daily bath all the crevices of the ear should be thoroughly cleaned, and the earwax carefully removed whenever it shows itself. Special pains should be taken to keep the eyes clean. It shows f...
-Regularity Of Habits
It is of the utmost importance, if the individual would enjoy health and possess beauty, that all the personal habits be perfectly regular, and that attention be given to these each twenty-four hours ...
-What Colors May Be Worn
Nature has her peculiar shades and contrasts, with which she embellishes all her works. Over the retreating dark gray cloud in the east does the rainbow show itself, strong by contrast, and beautiful...
-Colors That Harmonize
The object of two or more different tints in dress is to obtain relief by variety, and yet the two shades brought thus in contrast should harmonize, else the beauty of each will be lessened. Thus, a l...
-Suggestions On The Best Taste In Dress
orange, red and green; orange, blue and crimson; orange, purple and scarlet; orange, blue, scarlet, green and white. Purple and gold; purple and orange; purple and maize; purple, scarlet and gold-col...
-Fashion-Why Does It Change?
Because change is one of nature's laws. If there was no change there would be no motion; and without motion there would be no life. Change is ever going forward in nature. To-day it is spring and all...
-Rules Of Conduct To Be Observed
LADIES and gentlemen, when meeting on the side-walk, should always pass to the right. Should the walk be narrow or dangerous, gentlemen will always see that ladies are protected from injury. Ladies s...
-Unclassified Laws Of Etiquette
EVER exaggerate. Never point at another. Never betray a confidence. Never wantonly frighten others. Never leave home with unkind words. Never neglect to call upon your friends. Never laugh at the misf...
-Etiquette Among Neighbors. Division Fences Between Houses
TO BE kind, and to treat politely the persons with whom we are immediately associated, is not all, nor should civility cease with the casual intercourse between neighbors; it should go beyond. We shou...
-Charming, Beautiful Homes. Barriers Between Neighbors Removed
THE fences shown upon the opposite page, separating houses and lots, often prevent acquaintance with neighbors being made. The result of this non-intercourse is usually a suspicion that the neighbor i...
-Kindness To The Erring. A Plea For The Unfortunate
AN officer of the law you may be, and it becomes you to care for the prisoner in your charge. While law should be enforced, for the good of the criminal as well as the protection of society, it does n...
-Some Mother's Child
AT home or away, in the alley or street, Whenever I chance in this wide world to meet A girl that is thoughtless, or a boy that is wild, My heart echoes sadly, 'T is some mother's child! And when...
-Division 15. Commercial Forms. Notes, Bills, Orders, Checks, Drafts, Receipts, Etc
IN the transaction of business, it becomes necessary for all persons to occasionally write various business forms. Among those in most frequent use are Receipts, Orders, Bills of Articles Purchased, P...
-Promissory Notes
A promissory note is a promise or engagement in writing to pay a specified sum at a time therein limited, or on demand, or at sight, to a person therein named, or his order or assigns, or to the beare...
-Promissory Notes For Different States. - Due Bills. Note Payable By Installments
$700. Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 10, 18 - . For value received, I promise to pay to Simon Butterfield, or order, Seven Hundred dollars, in manner following, to-wit: Two Hundred dollars in one month from ...
-Due-Bills. Form Of Due-Bill Payable In Money
$100. Rochester, N. Y., Oct 2, 18 - . Due Walter P. Kimball, or order, on demand, One Hundred dollars, value received. C. T. MARSH. Payable In Flour $400. Kalamazoo, Mich., Feb. 1, 18 - . Due on ...
-Division 16. Interest Tables
Showing Accumulations of Interest on Moneys for Days, Months and Years. How To Compute Interest On Any Amount Of Money At Any Rate Per Cent On the following page will be found several valuable Inter...
-Bank Forms. Importance Of Keeping A Bank Account
T0 business men or women, the keeping of a bank account is a matter of very considerable convenience, as well as pecuniary benefit. If much business is done, money is constantly accumulating, which is...
-Bills Of Exchange
A Bill of Exchange is an order addressed to some person at a distance, directing him to pay a certain amount to the person in whose favor the bill is drawn, or to his order. A merchant in Chicago, owi...
-Drafts
A draft may properly be called an inland bill of exchange. It is customary for the bankers in all large cities, to make deposits with bankers in other large cities, and also for the banks in the inter...
-Laws Of Grace On Sight Drafts
Grace on Sight Drafts is allowed in the following States: Alabama, Arkansas, Dakota, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine. Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Ne...
-Division 17. Bookkeeping Forms. Rules, Directions, And Forms For Keeping Books Of Account
Forms Of Book-Keeping EVERY person having occasion to keep an account with others, is greatly benefited by a knowledge of book-keeping. There are two systems of keeping books in use: one known as SiN...
-Rules, Directions, And Forms For Keeping Books Of Account. Continued
The accompanying forms show the correct methods of keeping accounts in the Ledger, according to the established principles of book-keeping by Single Entry. Farmer's Account with the Merchant. - Chas....
-Orders - Receipts. Orders. For Money
For Merchandise Austin, Texas, Dec. 1, 18 - . Mb. J. M. Hunter: Please pay John Wilkins, Seventy-five Dollars in merchandise, and charge to GOODRICH & SMITH. For Merchandise Not Exceeding in Va...
-Division 18. Legal. Business Forms
Legal Forms In General Use STATE CAPITOL BUILDING, SPRINGFIELD, ILL. Including Agreements, Arbitrations, Assignments, Affidavits, Acknowledgments, Bills of Sale, Bills of Lading, Bonds, Corpor...
-Forms Of Agreements And Contracts
An agreement is virtually a contract by which individuals, singly or collectively, agree to perform certain duties within a specified time. It is of much importance, in all matters upon which may ari...
-Forms Of Agreements And Contracts. Continued
WITNESSETH, that said Perley White agrees faithfully and diligently to work as clerk and salesman for the said Thomas Babcock, for and during the space of one year from the date hereof, should both li...
-Acknowledgments
TO ACKNOWLEDGE anything is to admit of its existence, whether it be any known fact or circumstance, or the confession of any sentiment or act known only to ourselves. In law, an acknowledgment is the...
-Affidavits
AFFIDAVITS are of a confirmatory nature, and consist of written statements of facts, signed and sworn to (or affirmed) as true by the persons who make them. The cases in which they are used are numero...
-Apprentice Forms
AN APPRENTICE may be either a boy or a girl, usually not younger, if a lad, than fourteen years of age. No child can be apprenticed for a term extending beyond his twenty-first birthday. The usual mo...
-Arbitrations
THE SUBMISSION of any question concerning the rights of persons or personal property, by parties in dispute, to the decision of one or more disinterested individuals, mutually agreed upon, instead of ...
-Forms Used In Arbitration. Assignments
Sometimes the limitations of the time in which the arbitration award shall be made is embodied in the bond, as well as in the agreement of submission to the arbitration. Form Of Notice To Arbitrators...
-Assignments
AN ASSIGNMENT is the act which transfers the title to a right of property. The act may be by words, accompanied by delivery of the thing assigned, or may be in writing. Corporations, legally existing...
-Assignments. Part 2
And I do, for myself, my heirs, executors, and administrators, covenant with the said William Anderson, his heirs and assigns, that I have good right to assign the said mortgage, debt, and premises as...
-Assignments. Part 3
In witness whereof, at Chicago, in Cook county, and State of Illinois, I have hereunto affixed my hand and seal this twenty-first day of November, A. D. 1882. In presence of Roger Riderhood, John Har...
-Bail
THE WORD BAIL, in law, has very much the same meaning as guaranty, and is a voucher by a competent person, or persons, that another person will perform a duty required by the civil authority. The e...
-Bills Of Sale
BILLS OF SALE are written evidences of agreements by which parties transfer to others, for a consideration, all their right, title and interest in personal property. The ownership of personal propert...
-Form And Suggestions Relating To Bills Of Lading. Bills Of Lading
BILLS OF LADING are accounts in writing of merchandise shipped from one place to another, by any person, on board of an ocean or lake vessel, or on a railroad car, signed by the master of the vessel, ...
-Suggestions Relating To And Forms For Bonds. Bonds
A BOND is a written admission of an obligation on the part of the maker, whereby he pledges himself to pay a certain sum of money to another person or persons, at a certain specified time, for some re...
-Suggestions Relating To Corporations And How To Organize Them. Corporate Associations
WHEN THREE or more individuals obtain from government the authority to act as one by their officers, with perpetual succession, and under a name selected for them, they become a corporation, with the ...
-Suggestions Relating To Corporations And How To Organize Them. Part 2
Form Of Application For Incorporation State of Illinois, County of Cook, 88. To - Secretary of State : We, the undersigned, George C Anderson, Rudolph S. Schenck, and Jonathan Bigelow, propose to...
-Suggestions Relating To Corporations And How To Organize Them. Part 3
Notarial Endorsement The notarial endorsement is once more demanded to attest the regularity of the foregoing proceedings, and it is given on the back of the form last supplied, as follows: State of...
-How To Organize Associations For Various Purposes. Deeds. Corporations For Social And Benevolent Purposes
ANY three or more persons, who are citizens of the United States, may apply to the Secretary of State in a manner similar to money-making corporations for license to organize for other purposes, filin...
-Corporations For Religious Purposes
ANY church, congregation or society formed for the purpose of religious worship may be incorporated as follows: By electing or appointing, at any meeting of its members held for that purpose, two or m...
-Deed Forms
AN INSTRUMENT in writing, by which lands and appurtenances thereon are conveyed from one person to another, signed, sealed, and properly witnessed, is termed a deed. A deed may be written or printed o...
-Extradition Forms
THE SIGNIFICATION of the word extradition is delivery out of, or up from, and has been adopted by various States and nations to express the return from one to the other of fugitives from justice, fo...
-The Law And Forms Relating To The Guardianship Of Children. Guardians And Minor Children
A MINOR is a person under twenty-one years of age, or, in some States, a maiden under eighteen years old. In England, and in many of the United States, sex makes no difference. The legal term for a m...
-Forms Of Guaranty. Insurance. Guaranty
A GUARANTY (sometimes spelled guarantee) is a written promise that a person will do as he has promised, or that on his default, the guarantor will pay all damages. The person who guarantees the perfor...
-Insurance Forms
INSURANCE is a guarantee of protection against loss by fire, tempests, disease, death or other calamity common to all men, by individuals or corporations possessing large amounts of money, upon paymen...
-Questions And Forms Relating To Life Insurance. Life Insurance Forms
That our readers may understand the condition of insurance upon life, we present herewith the questions asked of an applicant, and the form of life insurance policy. Application For Assurance To the...
-Lease Forms. Sub-Let Forms
A PERSON leasing real estate to another is termed a landlord; the person occupying such real estate is known as a tenant. The person making the lease is known in law as the lessor; the person to whom ...
-Letters Of Credit
LETTERS OF CREDIT are written papers authorizing credit to the amount named to the persons bearing them. Such a letter is usually given by a banker, merchant, or other responsible man, to a distant b...
-Division 19. Canadian Legal Forms. Suggestions Relating To And License Forms
The Letter Sent by Mail. 104 Breadalbane street, New Orleans, La., May 3, 1882. Mr. Robert Fleming, St. Louis, Mo. Dear Sir: We have to-day given a guarantee letter of credit upon you for Ten Thous...
-The Law And Forms For Use Of Mechanics. Mechanics' Liens
LIEN-LAWS establish a right to retain possession of. personal property until the payment is made for services in respect to it. A lien is lost by the voluntary surrender of the property to the owner ...
-How To Prospect And Obtain Mining Claims. Mining And Miners' Forms
THE PERSON who proposes to visit a mining region with a view to prospecting, discovering, and extracting from the earth precious metals, should first study the geography of the country in which he exp...
-How To Prospect And Obtain Mining Claims. Mining And Miners' Forms. Part 2
FRANKLIN ALLEN, WALTER B. SMITH, JOHN JOHNSON. Sworn and subscribed before me this first day of May, A.D. 1881. JAPHETH E. COX, Notary Public. NOTARIAL SEAL. In order to keep a claim good as agains...
-How To Prospect And Obtain Mining Claims. Mining And Miners' Forms. Part 3
Afterward for a time the owners lease the mine, the following being the form of paper drawn for that purpose: Form Of Lease Of A Mine This Indenture, made this first day of July, in the year of our ...
-How To Prospect And Obtain Mining Claims. Mining And Miners' Forms. Part 4
FRANKLIN ALLEN, Attest: G. W. Flint. WALTER B. SMITH, PETER CONANT, SIMON D. THOMPSON. The claim which has been relocated, the new owners conclude to sell, and in doing so execute only a quit-claim ...
-Facts Which Miners Should Understand
Right of Way. - Miners have the right of way across any claim when hauling quartz. Liability of Stockholders. - Stockholders are liable only for debt to the amount of unpaid stock held by them. Numb...
-Mortgage Forms
THE LAW defines a mortgage as a conveyance of property, personal or real, given to secure the payment of a debt, or as a guaranty for the performance of some special duty. As soon as the debt is paid,...
-Mortgage Forms. Part 2
Whereas, the said party of the first part is justly indebted to the said party of the second part in the sum of Ten Thousand Dollars, secured to be paid by a certain promissory note, bearing even date...
-Mortgage Forms. Part 3
Mary Reese, Clara Bell, Witnesses. ROBERT FAIRCHILD, Grantee. SEAL. [ The above release should be recorded the same as the mortgage. ] How To Foreclose A Mortgage Methods of foreclosure vary in ...
-Mortgage Forms. Part 4
State of Tennessee, County of Cumberland, 88. Richard Tennyson, of Crossville, in said county and State, being duly sworn, says that he sold the premises described in the annexed printed notice, by ...
-Naturalization Forms
FOREIGNERS, before they become citizens of the United States, as set forth in the following forms and explanations, are called aliens, and owe no allegiance to the State in which they reside. Aliens ...
-Minor Aliens
Alien parents coming to this country bring male children under eighteen years of age. These boys, residing here continuously for five or more years, become of age. Then they are eligible to naturaliza...
-Partnership Forms
AN agreement between two or more persons to invest their labor, time and means together, sharing in the loss or profit that may arise from such investment, is termed a partnership. This partnership m...
-The Form Of Passport Required By United States Citizens Abroad. Passports
PASSPORTS are written permits, furnished for $5.00 each, to citizens of this country to travel unmolested in European or other dominions, virtually commending them to the protection of the foreign gov...
-Outline Of The Law Relating To Patents. Patents
PATENTS are granted in the United States, giving the exclusive right to the inventor, his heirs and assigns, to make, use and sell the invention or discovery throughout the United States and the Terri...
-Outline Of The Law Relating To Patents. Patents. Part 2
Peter M. Rice, William T. Petrie, Witnesses. JOEL RICE. The Inventor's Oath Accompanying His Application State of Ohio, County of Erie, 88. On this tenth day of July, 1882, before me, the subscr...
-Outline Of The Law Relating To Patents. Patents. Part 3
3. The party of the second part agrees to pay to the party of the first part Five Dollars, as a license-fee, upon every grain-separator manufactured by said party of the second part containing said pa...
-Outline Of The Law Relating To Patents. Patents. Part 4
Patents in Belgium. - Patent allowed for twenty years, except where first issued in another country, in which case patent expires according to the law where it was first issued. In Case of Death. - I...
-Pension Forms
INDIVIDUALS entitled to obtain pensions from the United States government for wounds or injuries to their persons or health, received in the line of duty, so that they are incapacitated for active ser...
-Proclamations
PROCLAMATIONS are either verbal or written public announcements, from an official personage, relating to some especial exigency or a particular occasion. They may be addressed to a class or certain cl...
-Proclamations. Continued
And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be, free;...
-Subscription Paper
A SUBSCRIPTION heading should be written very plainly and as briefly as may be, and express the object for which the money is subscribed. The following, with variations to suit the circumstances, will...
-The Law Relating To Wills. Wills
THE LEGAL declaration of what a person determines to have done with his property after death, is termed a will. All persons of lawful age, possessed of sound mind, excepting married women in certain ...
-Codicil Forms
An addition to a will, which should be in writing, is termed a codicil, and executed like a will. A codicil is designed to explain, modify, or change former bequests made in the body of the will. It ...
-Codicil Forms. Continued
Third. I hereby direct and empower my executor to sell and dispose of all my personal property to the highest bidder at auction, as soon as practicable after my decease, and to sell my real estate at ...
-Clauses For Insertion In Wills. Cancelling Debts That Are, Or May Be, Due
Whereas, there are certain sums of money due me, upon mortgages, bills, and otherwise, from persons hereafter named (naming them), it is my will that such indebtedness, immediately after my death, sha...
-Duties Of Administrators And Methods Of Procedure In Settling Estates
HAVING made a will, the testator should recollect that marriage, birth of children, death, or the purchase or sale of real estate may affect the will. So the death or removal of executors may require ...
-Bond Required Of The Administrator
The petition of the nearest heir (whether widow or child) having been granted by the court, the administrator must execute a good and sufficient bond, in form following, in order to secure the estate ...
-The Work Of Settling The Estate
The administrator is now ready to begin the work of administration, under the sanction and restraint of the State laws upon this subject, using the first ready money realized from the estate (in most ...
-Summary Of State Laws Relating To Written Wills
Age at which Testators can Make Wills, Rights of Married Women, Number of Witnesses Required, Courts that have Jurisdiction, Etc. Alabama. - All persons twenty-one years of age may devise real estate...
-Canadian Wills
Quebec - All persons twenty-one years old and of sound mind may devise their real and personal property by will. Wills are of three kinds: The French will is made before two notaries, or one notary an...
-Canada, Her History, Government And Business Forms
THE CANADIAN DOMINION, An Outline of its History, its Government, its Resources, with Other Material Facts, and its Forms for the Transaction of Business. The history of Canada, so named from the...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada
Entitled An Act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and the Government Thereof, and for Purposes Connected Therewith, which Took Effect March 29, 1867. WHEREAS the Provinces of C...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 2
15. The commander-in-chief of the land and naval militia, and of all naval and military forces, of and in Canada, is hereby declared to continue and be vested in the queen. 16. Until the queen otherw...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 3
32. When a vacancy happens in the senate by resignation, death, or otherwise, the governor-general shall by summons to a fit and qualified person fill the vacancy. 33. If any question arises respecti...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 4
46. The speaker shall preside at all meetings of the house of commons. 47. Until the parliament of Canada otherwise provides, in case of the absence for any reason of the speaker from the chair of th...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 5
81. Every lieutenant-governor shall, before assuming the duties of his office, make and subscribe before the governor-general or some person authorized by him, oaths of allegiance and office similar t...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 6
The Legislatures Of Ontario And Quebec 81. The legislatures of Ontario and Quebec respectively shall be called together not later than six months after the union. 83. The lieutenant-governor of Onta...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 7
1. The public debt and property. 2. The regulation of trade and commerce. 3. The raising of money by any mode or system. 4. The borrowing of money on the public credit. 5. Postal service. 6. The ...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 8
Uniformity Of Laws In The Provinces 94. Notwithstanding anything in this act, the parliament of Canada may make provision for the uniformity of all or any of the laws relative to property and civil r...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 9
114. Nova Scotia shall be liable to Canada for the amount (if any) by which its public debt exceeds at the union eight million dollars, and shall be charged with interest at the rate of five per centu...
-Constitution For The Government Of Canada. Part 10
129. Except as otherwise provided by this act, all laws in force in Canada, Nova Scotia or New Brunswick at the union, and all courts of civil and criminal jurisdiction, and all legal commissions, pow...
-Division 20. Canadian Tables Of Reference
Admission Of Other Colonies 146. It shall be lawful for the queen, by and with the advice of her majesty's most honorable privy council, on addresses from the houses of the parliament of Canada, and ...
-Various Articles Which May Be Imported Free Of Tariff Duty Into The United States
Not the entire free list, but including: those which most generally interest the people. Acids, boracic. Acids, carbolic, for chemical or manufactur'g purposes. Acids, muriatic. Acids, nitric, not...
-Articles Which May Be Imported Free Of Duty Into The United States. Part 2
Jute, rags for making paper. Jute, thread waste, fit only for making paper. Lamb-skins, not dressed in any manner. Laurel-berries. Lava, unmanufactured. Lavender, essence or oil of. Leather, old ...
-Articles Which May Be Imported Free Of Duty Into The United States. Part 3
Bones, crude and not manufactured, burned, calcined, ground or steamed. Bone-dust and bone-ash for manufacture of phosphates and fertilizers. Botany, specimens of. Bristles. Brimstone, crude or in ro...
-The Customs Tariff Of Great Britain
No protective duties are now levied on goods imported - customs duties being charged solely for the sake of revenue. Formerly the articles subject to duty numbered nearly a thousand; now they are only...
-The Post-Office Savings-Bank, Canada
Post-office savings-banks in Ontario and Quebec are open daily for the receipt and repayment of deposits, during the ordinary hours of post-office business. The direct security of the Dominion is giv...
-Forms For The Transaction Of Legal Business. Canadian Legal Forms. In General Use In The Transaction Of Various Kinds Of Business
AS WILL be seen by examination, the forms for the writing of legal documents in Canada are essentially the same, with slight alterations, as are used in the United States. Several of the forms, in mos...
-Forms For Gift, Incorporation And Lease
County of..., To wit : I,....., (the bargainee) in the foregoing bill of sale named, make oath and say: That the sale therein made is real, and for good consideration, namely: ...and not for the purp...
-Surrender Of Lease
Where a surrender of lease is required to be in writing, it must be by deed, and may be conveniently written on the back of the lease intended to be surrendered. No particular form of words is necessa...
-Mortgage On Chattels
This Indenture, made the...day of...., 18., between A. B., of, etc., and C. D., of, etc. : Witnesseth, that the said ......, for and in consideration of the sum of $..., of lawful money of Canada, t...
-Affidavit Of Mortgagee
Ontario, County of... to wit: I, C. D., of the......of ......, in the county of ......, the mortgagee in the within bill of sale, by way of mortgage named, make oath and say, that A. B., the mortga...
-Notice Of Sale Where Mortgagee Does Not Pay
To....: In the matter of the sale of....lot___under An Act to Give to Mortgagees Certain Powers, now Commonly Inserted in Mortgages: I,...., hereby require you, on or before the.....day of .......
-Discharge Of Chattel Mortgage
Dominion of Canada, Province of Ontario. To the clerk of the count.. of ...., I,....., do certify, that......ha. satisfied all money due on or to grow due on a certain chattel mortgage made by .......
-Timber Marks
An application for the registration of a timber mark or marks shall be made in duplicate after the following form: To the Minister of Agriculture, (Trade-Mark and Copyright Branch,) Ottawa: I (name...
-Copyright In Canada
Who May Copyright. - Copyrights may be secured by any person domiciled in Canada, or any part of the British possessions, or being a cit-izen of any country having an international copyright treaty wi...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws
Exemptions From Forced Sale ABSTRACT OF STATE LAWS. Showing Property Exempt from Attachment, or Levy and Sale on Execution. ALABAMA.-Home worth $2,000, and Personal Property $1.000. - The exempted h...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws. Part 2
DAKOTA. - Home of 160 acres, with buildings, or, in a village or city, a house and one acre of land, with Personal Property. - The householder's homestead, as above described, is without limit in valu...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws. Part 3
IOWA. - Farm of 40 acres, or House and Lot in City, and Personal Property. - The homestead must embrace the house used as a home by the owner thereof, and if he has two or more houses thus used by him...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws. Part 4
MARYLAND. - No Homestead exemption, but Personal Property. - No home is secure from execution; but the law exempts to householders wearing apparel, books, and mechanics' tools (except books and tools ...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws. Part 5
MONTANA.-Home worth $2,500, and Personal Property. - A homestead not exceeding in value $2,500; in a city or village not to exceed one-quarter of an acre, or farm land not exceeding 160 acres, the deb...
-Division 21. Exemption Laws. Part 6
PENNSYLVANIA. - Real or Personal, $300. - Property, either real or personal, to the value of $300, besides wearing apparel, Bibles and school-books. Homesteads are not exempt. QUEBEC, CANADA. - Perso...
-Suggestions Relating To Collection Of Debt
Facts Concerning Judgments and Circumstances Under Which Debtors May be Imprisoned. Imprisonment for debt has been abolished in every State and Territory. It was considered of so much importance tha...
-Metric System Of Weights And Measures
The following system of Measures and Weights, owing to its com- \ Its use has also been legalized in the United States, and its ultimate plete decimal character, and the consequent freedom from labor ...
-Division 22. How To Collect A Debt
General Suggestions On The Collection Of Debts How To Collect A Debt. What To Do When Necessary To Settle An Account By Legal Process. Outline Of Proceedings ALTHOUGH an earnest effort be made to do...
-Loaning Money
If loaning money, always require a promissory note of the borrower. (See Promissory Notes, elsewhere). Some exceptions may be made, of course, where the amount is quite small, among very intimate fr...
-Borrowed Money
In case the indebtedness is for borrowed money, possibly a small amount, for which no promissory note was given, the easiest method, probably, of disposing of the matter, when it is discovered that th...
-Form Of Summons
The wording of this summons will be somewhat as follows: STATE OF-------- --------County, ss. The People of the State of--------to any Constable of said County- Greeting : You are hereby commanded...
-Form Of Summons. Part 2
The Result Of Failing To Appear Should the plaintiff fail to appear within the hour appointed, the jury, or the justice, alone, being in readiness to hear the trial, and no good reason being given fo...
-Form Of Summons. Part 3
Form Of Capias STATE OF -------- -------- County, ss. The People of the State of--------to any Constable of said County - Greeting : You are hereby commanded to take the body of--------and bring ...
-What Does Law Cost?
What will it cost to collect the debt? That question naturally arises, and is, very properly, one that should be considered. Of course it is impossible to determine, definitely, what the costs will be...
-Miscellaneous Forms. General Forms Of Power Of Attorney
BUSINESS firms and individuals having a large trade, where indebtedness is unavoidably incurred for a long or short time, frequently find it necessary to employ collectors whose special and entire dut...
-Reports Of Committees
It is common with societies and assemblies of various kinds to entrust the special work of such society or assembly, requiring considerable investigation, to a committee usually consisting of three, f...
-Directions For Securing Copyrights
1. A printed copy of the title of the book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, cut, print, photograph, or a description of the painting, drawing, chromo, statue, statuary, or mode...
-Division 23. Tables Of General Reference. Division 24. Presidents Of The United States. Division 25. Governors And State Legislators
Important Facts And Tables For Reference Compiled, Condensed, Tabulated And Arranged Expressly For This Work ...
-Presidents of the United States. Where They Lived, Where They Died, and Where Buried
Name. Residence Born. Instal'd into Office. Age at that time. Term of Office Died. Age at Death Of What Died. Where Died. Where Buried. ...
-Governors, State Senators And Representatives - When Elected, And Terms Of Office
States and Territories. When election for State Officers is held. Salary of Governors. Term of office of Governors. Pay of Members of the Legislature. * Term of office ...
-Dry Measures
2 pints............. 1 quart, - qt. 8 quarts............. 1 peck, - pk. 4 pecks............. 1 bushel, - bu. 38 bushe...
-Liquid Or Wine Measures
4 gills..... 1 pint - pt. 2 pints...... 1 quart - qt. 4 quarts.... 1 gallon - gal. 31˝ gallons... 1 barrel - bbl. ...
-Time
60 seconds.......... 1 minute. 80 minutes.......... 1 hour. 24 hours............ 1 day. 7 days............. 1 ...
-Circular Measures
60 seconds...... 1 minute, 60 minutes................ 1 degree. 30 degrees................ 1 sign. 90 degrees...........
-Long Distance Measures
3 barleycorns...... 1 inch, - in. 12 ins...... 1 foot, - ft. 3 ft....... 1 yard, - yd. 5 1/2 yds...... 1 ro...
-Cloth Measures
2 1/4 inches................... 1 nail. 4 nails......... 1 quarter. 4 quarters................... 1 yard. ...
-Miscellaneous Measures
3 inches.... 1 palm. 4 inches.... 1 hand. 8 inches.......... 1 span. 18 inches.......... 1 cubit. 21.8 inches.......
-Square Measures
144 1 sq. foot. 9 sq. ft....... 1 sq. yard. 30ź sq. yds...... 1 sq. rod. 40 sq. rods...... 1 rood. ' ...
-Cubic Measures
1728 cubic inches. . 1 cubic foot. 27 cubic feet....1 yard. 128 cubic feet...1 cord (wood.) 40 cubic feet. .1 ton (shipping.) 2150.42 ...
-Paper. The Sizes In Inches. Flat Writing-Papers
Flat Letter......... 10 x 16 Flat Cap........... 14 x 17 Double Flat Letter.... 16 x 20 Flat Foolscap........................ 13 x 16 Crow...
-Units Of Anything
12 pieces................. 1 dozen. 12 dozen................ 1 gross. 12 gross....... 1 great gross. 20 units...........
-Railway Signals
One pull of bell-cord signifies stop. Two pulls mean go ahead. Three pulls signify back up. One whistle signifies down brakes. Two whistles mean off brakes. Three whistles signify ba...
-Difference Of Time Between Washington And Other Cities Of The World
12.00 o'clock (noon) at........... WASHINGTON. 12.12 ... P. M....... New York. 12.24 ... .............. Boston. 12.27 ....
-Tables Of Weights, Measures, Woods, Heat, Cold, Wages, Etc. Weights Of A Cubic Foot. Metals. Weight of A Cubic Foot
Substance. Lbs. Oz. Platina..... 1,218 12 Pure Gold*... 1,203 10 Mercury.............. 848 12 Lead....... 709 ...
-Earth, Stone Weight
Substance. Lbs. Oz. Italian Marble.......... 169 4 Vermont Marble........ 165 9 winaow Glass........... 165 2 Common S...
-Liquid Weight
Substance. Lbs. Oz. Honey................. 90 10 Vinegar................ 67 8 Blood.................. 65 14 Beer.........
-Groceries. Weight Of A Cubic Foot
Substance. Lbs. Oz. Sugar....... 100 5 Beeswax............... 60 5 Lard.................. 59 3 Butter............
-Miscellaneous Weights
Substance. Lbs. Oz. India Rubber............___ 56 7 Pressed Hay... 25 Pressed Cotton.......... 25 ...
-Wood Weight
Substance. Lbs. Oz. Lignum Viać............ 83 5 Ebony................. 83 5 Boxwood..... 75 2 Mahogany..... 66 ...
-Heat And Cold. Degrees of heat above zero at which substances melt
Substance. Deg. Wrought Iron... 3,980 Cast Iron................... 3,479 Platinum.................... 3,080 Gold......... 2,590 ...
-Ages Of Animals. Periods Of Gestation And Incubation
Animals and Birds. Age to which they live. Period of Gesta tion and Incuba'n Elephant 100.. 23 mo's Camel,. 100.. 12 Swan.......
-Rates Of Speed At Which Birds Fly. Per Hour
Birds. Miles. Hawks................. 150 Sparrows............... 92 Ducks................. 90 Falcon................. 75 Cro...
-How Money Doubles at Compound Interest
Money Doubles at Compound Interest as follows: At 3 per cent. in 23 years. 4 17 5 14 6 12 ...
-Table Of Wages; Computed On A Basis Of Ten Hours Labor Per Day
Hours......... $1.00 $1.50 $2.00 $2.50 $3.00 $3.50 $4.00 $4.50 $5.00 $5.50 $6.00 $6.50 l$7.00 $7.50 $8.00 $9.00 ...
-Population And Growth Of The United States
States AND Territories. AREA IN SQUARE MILES. No. or Inhabitants. No. Inhab. to Sq. Mile in 1880. M'sR.R.in each State Jan. 1,1888. 1880. 1885. A...
-Area And Population Of The Earth
Divisions. Area in Sq. Miles. Population. Pop. to Sq. Mile. America........... 15,258,686.... 100,415,400... 6.6 Europe........... 3,700,000....
-Oceans, Seas, Bays And Lakes
Oceans. Sq. Miles. Pacific, about............. 80,000,000 Atlantic, ............. 40,000,000 Indian, ............ 20,000,000 Southern,...
-Capacity Of Large Rooms
Estimating a person to occupy an area of 19.9 inches square. CHURCHES. Will Contain No. Persons. St. Peter's Rome................ 54,000 Cathedral, Milan...............
-How Savings Accumulate
The following shows the result of daily savings, and placing the same at interest for 5' years at 6 per cent. It is thus seen how carefully managed Life Insurance Companies become possessed of l...
-Capacity Of A Freight Car
A load nominally is 20,000 pounds. The following number can be carried. Whisky......... 60 barrels Salt..... 70 Lime.......... 70 Flour..... ...
-Quantity Of Seed To Plant
Asparagus Roots - 1,000 plants to a bed 4x225 feet. Beans - 1 qt. plants 150 feet of row. Beets - 1 oz. plants 150 feet of row. Cabbage - 1 oz. gives 2,500 plants. Celery - 1 oz. gives 7.000 plants. C...
-The Longest Rivers Of The World
Rivers. Locality. Rise. Discharge. Miles Missouri... N. America....... Rocky Mountains............. Gulf of Mexico..... 4 194 Mississipp...
-Historical Facts Relating To The United States
Year Settled States. Where Settled. By Whom. Admit'd to the Union Capitals. 1565 Florida........... St. Augustin........... Spaniards..............
-Principal Exports Of Various Countries
Arabia - Coffee, aloes, myrrh, frankincense, gum arabic Belgium - Grain, flax, hops, woolens, linens, laces, various manufactures. Brazil - Cotton, sugar, coffee, tobacco, gold, diamonds, wheat, dye...
-Gold And Silver Production And Amount Of Money In Circulation
From reports by the Director of the United States mint. Corrected to the latest date. Precious Metals In The United States Statistics showing where our gold and silver come from. Where Gold Comes F...
-Amount of Money In Circulation For Each Person In Different Countries
Estimated amount of gold and silver and paper money in circulation in twenty-four countries, from the report of the Director of the Mint, Oct. 1883. Countries. year. Paper. Speci...
-Lumber Measure
To find the number of feet in a board 1 inch thick from 3 to 30 inches wide, and from 4 to 24 feet long, see the following table. Explanation.- The figures at the top of the columns indicate the numbe...
-United States Soldiers In The Late CIVIL War
Number of men furnished from April 10, 1861, to June 30, 1865. States and Territories. Men Furnished. New York........ 467,047 Pennsylvania...... 366,107 ...
-Religious Denominations In The United States
Denominations. No. of Members. No. of Churches. No. of Ministers. Roman Catholics-adherents and church members claimed.............................. 6,832.954 6...
-Foreigners In The United States
ACCORDING TO CENSUS OF 1880. Where Born. Number. German Empire.................... 1,966,742 Ireland........................... 1,854,571 British Ameri...
-Strength Of Ice
Thickness. Strength. Two Inches- Will support a man. Four Inches - Will support a man on horseback. Five Inches - Will support an eighty-pounder cannon. ...
-Education Of Presidents
Washing-ton. Fair English education. Adams........... Harvard. Jefferson......... William and Mary Madison......... Princeton. Adams, J. Q...
-Political Representation
Number of Presidential Electors, United States Senators and Representatives in Congress that each State is entitled to by Congressional apportionment between 1.883 and 1893. States. Electo...
-The Time Of Fast Trotters
Horses that have trotted a mile in 2 minutes and 19 seconds and in less time, during the following years, up to and including the season of 1885. Horse. Time. Year. Maud S......
-Seven Wonders Of The World
Pyramids of Egypt. Tower, Walls and Terrace Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Statue of Jupiter Olympus, on the Capitoline Hill, at Rome. Temple of Diana, at Ephesus. Pharos, or watch - tower, at Alexan...
-Value Of Indian Meal
As a food, 100 pounds of Indian meal is equal to the following: Name of Article. Amount in Pounds. White Turnips.......... 1,200 Beets................ 909 ...
-Weight Of Lumber
Different kinds of seasoned lumber contain the following number of pounds in 1,000 feet. Kind of Lumber. Pounds. Pitch Pine.............. 4,150 Maple...................
-Decay Of Stumps
Kind of Stump. Time of Decay in Years. Pine................. 200 Cedar................ 9 to 18 Hemlock.............. 9 to 15 Sqruce.........
-Lumber Required
To build a mile of board fence, ordinary width of board: 1 board high. 2,640 feet 2 boards . 5,280 3 7,920 4 10,...
-Strength Of Hemp Rope
Good hemp rope will bear the following weights, according to size: Circumference. Pounds. l inch....... 200 1ź ...... 312 1˝ ...... ...
-Nutrition In Wheat Flour
Of 100 parts of wheat flour Boussingault's scale of nutritive equivalents shows how many parts of other foods it takes to equal the same. Thus: Name of Food. Number of Put. Tur...
-Age Attained By Birds
Name of Bird. Age Attained in Years. Heron................... 80 Pelican.................. 50 Sparrow Hawk........... 40 Skylark.............
-Constituents Of Milk
Of 1,000 parts of milk there are various constituent substances as follows. Constituents. Number. Water.............. 840 Milk-Sugar........... 45 Butt...
-Time Of Corn Germination
An experiment with corn planted at various depths resulted in the young plant appearing above ground in the following number of days: Depth inchea. Days when appeared. 1 ............
-Sweetness Percentange in Various Products
Name of Article. Per Cent of Sweet Sugar Cane............. 18 Sugar Beet............. 10 Sorghum............... 9 1/2 Corn in Tassel.........
-Cordwood Weights
Wood weighs per cord, on the average, as follows: Kind of Wood. Wt per Cord. Hickory........... 4,468 Ash............... 3,449 Red Oak........... ...
-Roman And Arabic Numerals
Roman. Arabic. I.... 1 II.... 2 III... 3 IV... 4 V.... 5 VI... 6 VII....... 7 VIII...
-Growth Of Trees
According to observation of Illinois Horticultural Society the growth of different trees during 12 years was as follows: Kind of Tree. Diameter. Ft. High White Willow....... ...
-Eclipses Of The Sun And Moon
Visible in the United States, from 1885 to 1900. Moon. Sun. Jan. 28, 1888 Sept. 21, 1885 July . 22, 1888 Feb. 8, 1887 Jan. . 17, 1889 Sept. 4, 189...
-Number Of Seeds In A Pound
Kind. Number. White Clover............. 686,400 Red Clover.............. 249,640 Buckwheat.............. 25,500 Rye.................... ...
-Nutriment Of Foods
Kinds of Food. Per Ct. of Nutriment. Time of Digestion hr. m. Bread, baked...... 60.. 3 15 Rice, boiled........ 38.. 1 ...
-Armies Of Different Nations
Number of men in army and navy combined: Country. No. of Men. Russia.............. 1,000,984 Italy................ 754,743 France.............. 55...
-Relative Worth Of Foods
of 100 parts in the following foods it is estimated that each possesses properties as follows: Name of Foods. Per cent. of muscle-making. Per ct. of heat and fat making. App...
-Population Of Cities Of The United States
Having: 10,000 inhabitants and over, by the census of 1880, accompanied by a statement of the public debt of each city, to which is added a table showing the debt per person of each man, woman and chi...
-Great Cities Of The United States, And Of The World
Name of City. Population 1880. Debt 1880. Debt per each Ferson. Utica, N. Y.................. 33,913. 8766,000. 122.88 Virginia City, Nev............
-Great Cities Of The World, Outside Of The United States, Having 100,000 Inhabitants
Cities. Countries. Census. Population. Alexandria......... Egypt.... 1882.. 212,054 Agra.............. India............ 1881.. 160...
-Division 26. General Reckoning Tables
Cotton. Sugar and General Reckoning Tables for the Use of Planters, Merchants, Brokers, And Others Engaged in the Culture, Sale, and Handling of Cotton, Sugar and Other Products Selling at from 6 to ...
-Legal Weight Of A Bushel In Different States.
States and Territories. Wheat. Rye. Oats. Barley. Buck wheat. Shelled Corn. Corn on Cob. Corn Meal. Pota-toes. Sweet Potatoes. Onions. ...
-Short Insurance Rates
By the following table may be seen the customary short rates of insurance for periods less than a year or month. Explanation. - When the rate is one per cent., or $1 on $100 for a year, the rate for ...
-Agricultural Tables For Farmers, Gardeners And Others
For many facts and figures in these various reference tables, credit is due the American Almanac, edited by A. R. Spofford, Moore's Universal Assistant, by R. Moore, the American Farm and Home ...
-Herbs
Anise................. 3 to 4 Hyssop................ 3 to 4 Balm.................. 2 to 3 Caraway............... 2 Coriander.................
-Cost Of Producing Pork
The cost of producing a pound of pork depends upon the cost of corn per bushel, as follows: Corn per Bushel in Cents. Will make the cost of pork per hundred. 12 1/2 cts...... ...
-Cost Of Small Quantities Of Hay
Price per Ton. 50 lbs. worth. 100 lbs. worth. 200 lbs. worth. 300 lbs. worth. 400 lbs. worth. Four dollars.......... 10 cts.20 cts. .40 cts...
-Facts About Sheep
The weight of any animal at a certain age, will, of course, depend upon the manner in which it is fed and cared for. Supposing sheep to be well fed and sheltered, the following presents an average yie...
-Weight Of Horses
Breeds. Stallions. Geldings and Mares. Age when Matured. Cleveland Bay............. 1,400.. 1,300. 6 Clydesdale................ 1,900.. ...
-Quantity Of Seed Required To Sow Or Plant An Acre
Kind of Seed. Quantity. Asparagus in 12-inch drills......................... 16 qts Asparagus plants, 4 by 1 1/2 feet.................... 8,000 Barley.....
-Facts Concerning Production Of Soil, Amount Of Rainfall, Condition Of Temperature, Weights, Foods, Etc
Foreigners in the U. S. By the census of 1880 there was in the States and Territories a population as follows: Males.................. 25,518 820 Females................ 24,...
-Summary Of The Bible
The following table is published as containing accurate particulars of the English version of the Bible: In The Old Testament Letters............ 2,728,100 Words............ ...
-Average Annual Rainfall At different parts of the United States and Territories
Place, Inches. Neah Bay, Wash. Ter....... 123 Stika, Alaska.............. 83 Ft. Haskins, Or............ 66 Mt. Vernon, Ala............ ...
-Average Temperature In different States and Territories
Place of Observation, State or Territory. Average Temperature. Tucson........ Ariz 69 Jacksonville.... Fla 69 New Orleans... La ...
-Weights By Railroad
When not able to ascertain the weight definitely, railway companies make the following standard of weights in bulk. Articles. Pounds. Salt..................................... Per...
-Landholders Of Great Britain
The English law of entailment, which provides that the eldest son shall inherit his parents' lands and tenements, has brought about the following results: Amount of Land. Number Owners. ...
-Facts Concerning Poultry
-Different breeds, their live weight, when full grown, the annual number of eggs they will lay, etc. Breeds. Lire weight Hales. Live weight of Hens. No. of laid per year. N...
-Foods For Sheep
In the course of several experiments by De Raumer, a French scientist, it was found that 1,000 pounds of different kinds of foods produced the following results. It will be seen by examination that wh...
-Healthiest Regions, Value Of Foods, Educational Advancement, Etc. Healthiest Regions For Consumptives
The following table, in a scale of 100, shows the per cent, of deaths from consumption. From this it will be seen that the Atlantic States have a much higher death rate from this disease than most of ...
-Relative Value Of Foods
One hundred pounds of good hay for stock are equal to - Articles. Pounds. Beets, white silesia......... 669 Turnips................. 469 Rye-straw........
-Amount Of Oil In Seeds
The amount of oil in a certain seed will vary according to conditions of growth. In a scale of 100 this is considered about an average per cent. Kind of Seeds. Per Cent, of Oil Ra...
-Canning Fruit
A general rule for the canning of fruit is to add one pound of sugar to four pounds of fruit, and water sufficient to keep it from burning. If the fruit be very tart, more sweet may be added if desire...
-Cannot Read Or Write
The per cent, of illiteracy in the scale of 100 among the people of different countries is shown in the following table, as taken from Kiddle & Schem's Cyclopaedia of Education, New York. 1877: ...
-Salaries Of Kings, Queens, Presidents And Other Rulers
The following table, condensed from the Statesman's Year Book, shows the yearly salary paid to kings, queens and members of royal households and presidents of various republics, according to the mos...
-Astronomical Tables, Giving Facts Relative To The Heavenly Bodies
Condensed from chapter on Astronomy in Hill's Album ok Biography and Art. Distant From The Sun Distances of the different planets from the sun. Name of Planet. Miles distant from the s...
-Size Of Planets
The following gives the diameter of the sun and the known principal planets that revolve around it, together with the number of moons belonging to the several planets. Heavenly Body. Diame...
-Revolution On Its Axis
The length of the day on each planet is indicated by the following table, which shows the length of time required for revolution on its axis. Planet. Daily revolution in hours, minutes and...
-Solidity Of Foods, Strength Of Liquors, Weights, Measures, Etc. Solidity Of Different Foods
Showing the proportion of solid matter and water in 100 parts each of the following articles of diet: Articles. Solid Matter. Water Wheat...... .87.. ..13 ...
-Bricks Required
Number of bricks required in a wall of different thickness per square foot of surface wall. The dimensions of common bricks are from 7* to 8 inches long by 4* wide, and 2* inches thick. Thickne...
-Weights And Measures For Cooks
1 lb. of Wheat Flour is equal to ............. 1 quart 1 lb. 2 oz. of Indian Meal make ............ 1 quart 1 lb. of Soft Butter is equal to ............ 1 quart...
-Interest Table
The following will be found convenient in the absence of extended interest tables. To find the interest on a given sum, for any number of days, at any rate of interest. At five per cent., multiply t...
-Distances Around The World
The following includes the principal stopping places, and distances between them, in a direct line around the world. Miles. New York to San Francisco ...................... .3...
-Average Velocity
Object. Per hour. Per sec. Electricity moves ........... ............ 288,000 miles light moves ............... ............ 192,000 miles ...
-Boxes Of Different Measure
A box 24 inches long by 16 inches wide, and 28 inches deep, will contain a barrel (3 bushels). A box 24 inches long by 16 inches wide, and 14 inches deep, will contain half a barrel. A box 16 inches...
-Debt Of Different Countries, How Various Colors Are Made, Length And Cost Of American Canals, Center Of Gravity Of Population, Etc, Average Height And Weight Of Human Beings, At Different Ages
Males. Females. Age. Feet. Lbs. Age. Feet. Lbs. Birth .... .. 1 2/3. . 7.... ....Birth..... . 1 2/3 .6 1/2 2 yea...
-Bait For Different Game
Animal. Bait Required. Squirrel ...... .......................Grain, nuts, or ear of corn. Muskrat ..... .....................Carrots, potatoes, apples, etc. ...
-The Pulse In Health
New-born infants ............... From 140 down to 130 During 1st year ................ From 130 down to 115 During 2st year ................ From 115 down to 100...
-Center Of Population
The change of center of population each ten years, in the United States, is shown in the following table. In ninety years the center of gravity has moved westward 467 miles, on almost a straight line ...
-Capacity Of Cisterns
In calculating the capacity of cisterns, 31)4 gallons are estimated to one barrel and 63 gallons to one hogshead. Circular Cistern one foot in depth. 5 feet in diam. holds. ..4 1/2 barrels...
-Audible Sounds
The distance at which sounds can be distinguished depends much on favoring winds. Description of Sound. Feet. . Miles A powerful human voice in the open air and no wind ........
-American Canals - Their Length And Cost
The following table comprises the canals of the United States and Canada, of which the cost has exceeded $1,000,000. Name. State. Miles. Cost. Chesapeake and Ohio .........
-National Debt Of Principal Countries
The following table, from Porter's Census Book, shows the increase and decrease of the public debt of these different countries in the past sixteen years: Countries. 1870. 1880. ...
-Combinations Of Shades That Make Different Colors
Mixing Red and Black ........................... .makes ...... .............. Brown Mixing Lake with White .......................... .makes ...... ................R...
-Division 27. Occupations Of The People
Occupations of the People in the United States During 1870 and 1880, According to Last Census, Showing The Number Of Persons Engaged In The Different Vocations, And The Increase And Decrease Of The ...
-Facts Concerning Money, Military Matters, Interest, And The Most Valuable Metals. Value Of Foreign Coins In United States Money
Proclaimed by the Secretary of the Treasury, Jan. 1, 1886. Country. Monetary Unit. Standard. Value in U. S. Money. Standard Coin. Argentine Republic...... Peso...
-Metals And Their Alloys
Name of Metal. The Alloys. Copper (white) is.... .................Copper and Arsenic. Bath Metal is ......... .................Copper and Tin. Bronze Me...
-When Money Doubles At Interest
Rate per cent. Common Interest. Compound Interest. 2....... 50 years.............. 35 years....... 1 day. 3.... 33 1/3 years.............. 23 year...
-Number Of Men Called For By United States Government During The CIVIL War
Periods of service, and number of men obtained under each call. DATE OF CALL. Number Called For. Periods of Service. Number Obtained. April 15, 1861.... ..75,000.. ...
-Strength Of The United States Army At Various Dates
DATE. Present. Absent. Total. January 1, 1861........ . .14.663... . .1,704. ..16,367 July 1, 1861........ 183,585.. ..3,163. .186,...
-Most Valuable Metals
The following, according to the Colliery Engineer, are the most valuable known metals, nineteen of which are worth more than gold, their value here given being stated in avoirdupois pounds. Vanadium...
-Insignia Of Military Rank
The various designs of Shoulder Straps in the Army and Navy indicate rank as follows: Kind of Shoulder Strap. Rank Indicated. Two Stars, Shield in Center.... ...Gen. of the A...
-Tables Predicting Weather, Facts For Builders, Dates Of Fires And Periods Of Digestion. Greatest Fires Of Modern Times
Date. Year. City. Property Burned. Values Destroyed. Sept. 2-6....... 1666.. London, Eng ....... 13,300 Buildings.... .$53,000,000 Sept....
-Herschel's Table For Foretelling The Weather
This table and the accompanying remarks, originally formed by Dr. Her-schel, and approved, with some alterations, by the experienced Dr. Adam Clarke, are the result of many years' close observation, t...
-Facts For Builders
100 square feet of surface, 4 inches to weather, requires about 1,000 shingles. 1,000 shingles requires of shingle nails about 5 pounds. 70 yards of surface will require about 1,000 laths. 100 squa...
-Division 28. Financial Facts And History
Financial History Of The United States This financial statement represents the gross total public expenditure and total yearly public debt, gathered from the U. S. Treasurer's report, made July I of...
-Division 29. Principal Parks In The United States
Location And Size Of The Principal Public Parks In The United States In the Cities Containing: 10,000 Inhabitants and Over; From Authentic Sources, Including Late Additions to Public Grounds and New ...
-Division 29. Principal Parks In The United States. Part 2
Dayton, O. - National Military Home Grounds, about 800 acres; Miami and Mad River Levees (used for Parks), 10 acres; City Park, 4 acres; Public Landing (Canal), 3 acres. Denver, Col. - City Park, 330...
-Division 29. Principal Parks In The United States. Part 3
Lincoln, R. I. - Town Hall Square, about 1/4 acre; Poor Farm, about 30 acres. Little Rock. Ark. - Aresnal Grounds, 36 acres; 5 Private Parks, open to the public. Lockport, N. Y. - Dudley Square, abo...
-Division 29. Principal Parks In The United States. Part 4
Niagara Falls. - International, 118 acres. Newton, Mass. - Farlow Park (Newton), 3 3/4 acres; Centre Green (Newton Centre), 834 acres; Washington Park (Newtonville), 1 acre: Auburn dale Park (Auburnd...
-Division 29. Principal Parks In The United States. Part 5
St. Paul, Minn. - (Few Improved) Como Park, 256 1/2 acres: St. Paul Rifle Park, 16 acres; Como Park, 7 2/3 acres; Irvine Park, 3˝ acres; Central Park, 2˝ acres; South Park, 2 acres; Dawson's West End ...
-Some Of The Principal Parks In The Canadian Dominion
Chatham, Ont. - Victoria Park, 15 acres; Tecumseh Park, 11 acres. Fredericton, N. B. - Fenety Avenue, 2 1/2 acres. Halifax, N. S. - Point Pleasant Park, 485 acres; North Common, 125 acres; Citadel a...
-Location And Size Of The Principal Public Parks In Various Parts Of Europe. Division 30. Parks In Foreign Countries
Scotland Aberdeen - The Links, 130 acres; Duthie Park, 44 acres; Victoria Park, 9 acres; The Union Terrace Gardens, 3 acres. Dundee - Balgay Park, 40 acres; Baxter Park. 35 acres; Magdalene Green, 3...
-Parks In Great Britain. England
Birmingham - Cannon Hill Park, 57 acres; Small Heath Park, 41 acres; Calthorpe Park, 31 acres; Summerfield Park, 13 acres; Adderley Park, 10 acres; Highgate Park, 8 acres; Bur-bury-Street Recreation G...
-Parks In France
Bordeaux - Bordelais Park, 69 1/8 acres; Botanical Garden, 25 3/8 acres; Hotel de Ville Garden, 2 1/4 acres; Gambetta Square, 1 1/3 acres; Pey-Ber-land Square, 1% acres; St. Michel Square, 7/8 acre. ...
-Parks In Germany
Berlin - Zoological Garden, 490 acres; Trep-tower Park, 230 acres; Park-Square in Fried-richshain, 135 acres; Park-Square in Humboldt-shain, 89 acres; King's Square, Opera Square and Pleasure Garden, ...
-Division 31. Highest Buildings And Objects
Comparative Diagram Showing Highest Buildings And Objects On Earth Description Of Monuments, Pyramids, Cathedrals, Etc 1. Central Spire of Cathedral, Lichfield, Eng., 250 ft. Erected in 1784. 2...
-Description Of Monuments, Pyramid, Cathedrals, Etc
1. Church of Isaac, St. Petersburg, Russia, 336 ft. The foundation, alone, is said to have cost $4,000,000. It is remarkable for its magnificent architecture, imposing porticoes, fine proportions, fou...
-Division 32. Animals, Fruits, Etc. Division 33. Highest Mountains In The World. Animals, Fruits, Etc. That Are Native In Asia And Africa
ASIA. Birds. - Eagle; falcon; rhinoceros-bird, vulture; nearly all known game-birds and domestic fowls, except turkeys. Fruits, Vegetables, etc. - Aloe; almond; anise-seed; apple; apricot; banyan; ba...
-Animals, Fruits, Etc., That Are Native In North America
Birds. - Blackbird; bittern; bobolink; bluebird; bunting; bluejay; brant; crane, (sandhill, blue, etc.); chicken hawk; chip-ping-bird; cat-bird; crow; ducks, (wood, blue-wing teal, green-wing teal, wi...
-Animals, Fruits, Etc., That Are Native In Europe
Birds. - Bee-eater; crow; cuckoo; dove; duck; eider duck; flamingo; gray eagle; goldfinch; goose; guinea-fowl; hawk; hen; jackdaw; lark; magpie; nightingale; owl; partridge; pheasant; pelican; pigeon;...
-Animals, Fruits, Etc . , That Are Native In South America
Birds. - Alector; condor; curasso; dove; emeu, (or ostrich); gallinazo; hawk; humming-bird; parrot, (in immense variety); partridge; pheasant; pigeon; sea (or guano) bird; snipe; tanager; toucan; trog...
-Division 34. Tables Of Distances. Distances From Principal Cities To Different Parts Of The United States
By Shortest Established Railroad and Water Passage. Name of City. Miles. From Albany, N. Y., to Amherst, Mass....... 249 Andover, Mass....... 224 ...
-Division 35. Presidential Elections And Results
Giving The Number of Presidential Candidates, Number of States Voting, Totals of Electoral Votes at Each Election, Popular Vote, Former Occupation of Candidates, and General Remarks. January, 1789 - ...
-Division 36. United States Cabinet Officers
United States Cabinet Officers, During Various Presidential Administrations. Washington's Administration First Term. - Thomas Jefferson, of Va., Sec'y of State; Alexander Hamilton, of N. Y., Sec'y of...
-Division 36. United States Cabinet Officers. Continued
Fillmore's Administration John M. Clayton, of Del., and Daniel Webster, of Mass., and Edward Everett, of Mass., Sec'ys of State; Wm. M. Meredith, of Pa., and Thomas Cor-win, of Ohio, Sec'ys of Treas....
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America
Picturesque And Notable Places Frequented As Pleasure Resorts, Situated In Various Parts Of The United States; Giving Historical Data, Facts, Figures And Special Features Of Interest And Attraction Pe...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 2
Barnegat City Beach, N. J. - On the New Jersey seacoast, three miles from Barnegat City, and fourteen miles from Barnegat Bay Station on the Pennsylvania Railroad (by steamer) this new summer resort i...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 3
Calistoga, Cal. - Encircled by wooded hills and mountains, in a small valley, is situated this Pacific Coast resort, which is principally distinguished for its twenty hot springs, with conveniences fo...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 4
Healing Springs, Va. - Distant 133 miles from Richmond, in Bath County, Va., are found three medicinal springs, the reputation of which has made it a favorite resort for invalids. Situated 2,400 feet ...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 5
This cave was discovered in 1809. Several smaller caves have been found in the same vicinity. Manitou Springs, Colo. - Among the attractions here are five mineral springs. Pike's Peak, in this locali...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 6
North Park, Colo. - This park, esteemed an excellent resort for sportsmen, is located a little west of the central-northern part of the State, and has an elevation of nearly 8,000 feet above the ocean...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 7
Rockbridge Alum Springs and Rockbridge Baths - In Rockbridge County, Va., near Goshen, there are 5 fountains, brick cottages, a hotel, with fine grounds and beautiful scenery. Chronic dyspepsia, irrit...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 8
Spring Lake, N. J. - Ten miles south of Long Branch, on the Atlantic Coast. In addition to picturesque seaside scenery, it boasts of pleasant fields, groves, orchards, and the beautiful little lake fr...
-Division 37. Pleasure Resorts In America. Part 9
Naval Observatory grounds contain 19 acres; the Navy Yard, 27 acres; the Arsenal grounds, 45 acres. Total value of Government property, $88,537,311. Watkins Glen, N. Y. - Eighty rods from Watkins Sta...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States
Many of which are Prominent as Summer Resorts. Lakes in Arizona. Miles Miles Long. Wide. Becker's Lake, Apache Co........3/4....1/2 Dry Lake, Apache Co..... .....4....2. Laguna, Yuma Co......
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 2
Long. Wide. Chicago Lake, Clear Creek Co......1/4....X Crystal Lake, Hinsdale Co........1/4...64r Grand Lake, Grand Co.........1 1/2...1. Green Lake, Clear Creek Co.......1/2....1/4 Lake John, Gr...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 3
Pugh Lake, Grant Co..........2....1. Punished Woman's Lake, Codingt'n Co. 1.....1/4 Bed Lake, Brule Co ..........5 1/2...2)4 Red Willow Lake, Grigg Co......1 1/4....1/2 Rice Lake, Burleigh Co........
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 4
Okeechobee Lake, Dade Co......40....30. Okliakonkonhee Lake, Polk Co....7....1 1/2 Orange Lake, Marion Co.......11....6. Panasofka Lake, Sumter Co.....5....2. Parke Lake, Polk Co..........3 1/2......
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 5
Bixler Lake, Noble Co..........X....1/3 Bruce Lake, Fulton Co.........1.....X Cedar Lake, Starke Co.........3K....X Clear Lake, La Porte Co.........X....3/4 Clear Lake, Steuben Co.........3....2. ...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 6
Twin Lake, Winnebago Co .......1/2...X Twin Lake (E.), Hancock Co......3/4....X Twin Lake (W.), Hancock Co......1/2....X Twin Lake (N.), Calhoun Co......2 1/2 .1/4 to X Twin Lake (S.), Calhoun Co....
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 7
Mattamiscontis Lake, Penobscot Co..2....1. Mattawamkeag Lake, Aroostook Co. .8....4. Medybemps Lake, Washington Co...8....2. Meluncas Lake, Aroostook Co.....3....1 1/4 Millinokett Lakes, Penobscot...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 8
Plantain Lake, Berkshire Co......1.....1/4 Pontoosuc Pond, Berkshire Co.....1 1/2....1/2 Pottapogue Pond, Worcester Co....X....2/3 Quaboag Pond, Worcester Co.....1 1/3....1/4 Quinsigamond Pond, Wo...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 9
Lake Upton, Keweenaw Co.... ...7/8....1/4 Lakeville Lake, Oakland Co......1 1/2....1/2 Leet's Lake, Kalkaska Co........2....1. Lincoln Lake, Mason Co........4.....1/3 Little Clam Lake, Wexford Co....
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 10
Ball-Club Lake, Itasca Co........7....1 1/2 Bass Lake, Morrison Co.........2....1 1/2 Bass Lake, Itasca Co..........6....1 1/2 Battle Lake, Otter Tail Co.......6....2 1/2 Bay Lake, Crow Wing Co......
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 11
Lake Sarah, Murray Co.........4 1/2...1 1/2 Lake Seigel, Lyon Co..........1....1. Lake Shaokatan, Lincoln Co......5....2. Lake Shetak, Murray Co.......10....2. Leech Lake, Cass Co..........30....1...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 12
Twin Lake (1), Freeborn Co......2....1. Twin Lake (2), Freeborn Co......2....1. Twin Lake, Beltrami Co........2.....1/2 Two-River Lake, Stearns Co......2....1 1/4 Union Lake, Polk Co..........3 1/...
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 13
Indian Pond, St. Lawrence Co.....1.....1/2 Java Lake, Wyoming Co........3/4....3/8 Jourdan Lake, St. Lawrence Co....2....1. Lake Champlain, Eastern N. Y...125 1/8 to 15. Lake George, Warren Co.......
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 14
Harris, Providence Co.........1 1/2....1/3 Jillson, Providence Co.........1 1/4....1/4 Pascoag, Providence Co........2.....1/4 Place, Providence Co..........1.....1/4 Ponegansett, Providence Co......
-Division 38. Lakes In The United States. Part 15
Gussie Lake, Green Lake Co.......%....)4 High Lake, Lincoln Co.........1 1/2....3/4 Hunter's Lake, Sawyer Co.......1.....1/2 Island Lake, Ashland Co........1 1/2...1. Kelly's Lake, Oconto Co.........
-Losses In Great Battles Of The World, Including The American Revolution
Battles. Leipsic, Saxony..... Waterloo, France.... Eylau, Prussia...... Austerlitz, Moravia... Syracuse, Sicily..... Hastings, England.... Towtown, England.... Jena, Germany...... Bannockburn...
-Fastest Speed
Up to 1885 the following was the shortest time consumed in going one mile: Object. Min Locomotive.... Skating.....1 Running Horse. 1 Trotting Horse. 2 Bicycle.....2 Skating.....3 Tricycle.....3...
-Different Alphabets
The number of letters in the alphabets of different nations is as follows: Nation. Russian. Turkish. Arabic.. German. English. Spanish. French. Greek.. Latin___ Hebrew. Persian. Italian. No. of L...
-American Wars. Cost And Number Of Troops
Wars. Revolutionary War. War of 1812..... Mexican War..... Civil War, 1861-1865. Cost. .$135,205,604. . .109,159,303. . .101,235,000. .6,189,929,908. Men Engaged. . .395,364 . .449,670 ..101,2...
-Famous Tunnels
Name. Thames..... Blaizy...... Nerthe...... Riquivel..... Sutro...... Nochistong... Hoosac..... Mt. Cenis.... Mt. St. Gothard. Where. .London, Eng.... .Nevada...... .Mass. and N. Y___ . F...
-Size Of Animals
Han - 4 to 5 feet in Lapland and Labrador; 5 1/2 to 6 1/2 feet in Europe and Asia; 5 to 5 3/4 in Africa and America; and 6 to 8 feet in Patagonia. Name of Animal. Fox........ Mole....... Stag........
-Legal Holidays In The U. S
Fourth of July - in all the States and Territories. Christmas Day - Dec. 25 - in all the States and Territories. Thanksgiving Day - usually the last Thursday in November - whenever appointed by the ...
-Different Nations, The Name Of Their People And The Language They Speak
Country. Austria.... Arabia.... Afghanistan. Algeria.... Abyssinia... Australasia.. Brazil..... Bolivia.... Belgium.... Beloochistan. Canada.... Chili..... China..... Denmark... Egypt.....
-Name Of People
...Austrians.... ...Arabs, Arabians ...Afghans..... ...Algerines.... ...Abyssinians... ...Australasians. - ...Brazilians.... ...Bolivians.... ...Belgians.... ...Beloochees... ...Canadians......
-Multiplication Table
For the convenience of those who, though once familiar with the Multiplication Table, may have forgotten portions of it, or may not at the moment be able to recall the amount which results from one nu...
-Division 39. Modern Fashionable Carriages
Five-Glass Landau. Falling Front Coach. Four-Pass. Rockaway. Hansom Cab. Carryall. Six-Pass. Rockaway. Landaulet Rockaway. Stanhope Gig. Leather Top Landau. Doub...
-Leading Events Which Happened On Every Day Of The Year For The First Six Months
Day. Notable Events In January Year. 1. American Slaves Emancipated......1863 2.First Revolutionary flag displayed....1776 3. Battle of Princeton, N.J..........1777 4.U. S. Treaty with Great Bri...
-Leading Events Which Happened On Every Day Of The Year. Part 2
Notable Events In March Year. 1. Nebraska admitted into the Union....1867 3. Importation of slaves forbidden by U. S. .1807 3. Idaho Territory created..........1863 4. Washington Inaugurated Pres...
-Leading Events Which Happened On Every Day Of The Year. Part 3
Notable Events In August Year. 1.Battle of the Nile.............1798 2. Close of 1st Session 13th Congress....1813 3.Columbus first Sailed for America....1492 4.Order by Pres. Lincoln for 300,000...
-Chronology Of Important Events Before and After Christ
Before Christ The Deluge..................8348 Babylon built................2247 Birth of Abraham..............1993 Death of Joseph...............1635 Moses born..................15T1 Athens fou...
-Expectation of Life and Present Value of Widow's Dower
Age. Ex-pec-ta-tion in years. Age. Expectation in years. Age. Ex-pec-ta-tion in years. Age. Ex-pecta-tion in years. Age. Ex-pecta-tion in years. ...
-Annual Salaries Of Principal United States CIVIL, Military And Naval Officers. Legislative
President...........$50,000 Vice-President.........8,000 Secretary of State.......8,000 Secretary of Treasury.....8,000 Secretary of Interior......8,000 Secretary of Navy.......8,000 Secretary o...
-Distances By Water From New York City To Miles
Amsterdam....3,510 Barbadoes.....1,906 Batavia......13,066 Bermudas....___ 660 Bombay......11,574 Bordeaux.....3.310 Boston_____________ 310 Botany Bay....13,294 Buenos Ayres______7,110 Calcu...
-The Influence Of The Moon On The Growth Of Plants
Does the light of the moon affect the growth of plants? Does it make any difference in the growth of a plant what time in the moon it is planted? Undoubtedly it does. Light is a great promoter of gro...
-Foreign Words And Phrases. Latin Words And Phrases
Ad captandum, For the purpose of captivating. Ad infinitum, To an unlimited extent. Ad libitum, At pleasure. Alias, Otherwise. Alibi, Elsewhere. Alma mater, Gentle mother; often applied to the in...
-French Words And Phrases, With Pronunciation
A bas (ah-bah), Down with. A bon marche (ah-bong-mar-shai), Cheap. A cheval (ah-sheh-val). On horseback. Affaire d amour (ah-faire-dah-moor), A love affair. Affaire d'honneur (af-faire-don-ai-ur),...
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations
Abbreviations Alphabetically Arranged For use in Writing. a. - In commerce, to. @. - In commerce, at. A.A.G. - Assistant Adjutant-General. A. A. P. S. - American Association for the Promotion of S...
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations. Part 2
Ch. - Church; Chapter. Chanc. - Chancellor. Chap. - Chapter. Chas. - Charles. Chem. - Chemistry. Chic. - Chicago. Chr. - Christopher. Chron. - Chronicles. Cin. - Cincinnati. C.J. - Chief-Just...
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations. Part 3
Chapter. G. C. B. - Grand Cross of the Bath. G. C. H. - Grand Cross of Hanover. G. C. L. H. - Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor. G.E. - Grand Encampment. Gen. - Genesis; General. Gent. - Gentleman. ...
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations. Part 4
Sweden. K.S.A. - Knight of St. Anne, in Russia. K.S.E. - Knight of St Esprit, in France. K.S.F. - Knight of St. Fernando, in Spain. K.S.G. - Knight of St. George, in Russia. K.S.H. - Knight of St....
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations. Part 5
N. G. - New Granada; Noble Grand. N.H. - New Hampshire; New Haven. N.H.H.S. - New Hampshire Historical Society. Ni. pri. - Nisi prius (law). N. J. - New Jersey. n. 1. - Non liquet, It does not ap...
-Division 40. List Of Abbreviations. Part 6
Recd. - Received. Rec. Sec. - Recording Secretary. Rect. - Rector; Receipt. Ref. - Reference; Reform. Ref. Ch. - Reformed Church. Reg. - Register; Regular. Reg. Prof. - Regius Professor. Regr. ...
-Division 41. Battles Of The Late Civil War
Causes Of The War Of The Rebellion. The Victories Won THE DEFEATS SUFFERED. THE BATTLES OF THE LATE CIVIL WAR. The Causes of the Rebellion. LEAVING DESOLATION in its track, throughout many parts...
-The Battles Of The First Year Of The War
Battle of Fort Sumter - Fort Sumter, in Charleston harbor, S. C., occupied bv Major Robert Anderson and a force of 47 effective United States soldiers and 62 other persons, and mounting 52 cannon, was...
-Capture Of Forts Hatteras And Clark
- These two Confederate defenses of Hatteras Inlet, N. C., were captured August 29, 1861, by a Union naval squadron, under Commodore String-ham, U. S. N., and a land force of 300 men, under General Bu...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War
Fight in South Carolina - In a cannon-fight at Fort Pickens, January 1, 1862, General Stevens, commanding a Union land force, advanced from Beaufort, and, with the assistance of the gunboats, captured...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 2
Battle of Pigeon Ranch, N. M. - Fought March 28, 1862, between 3.000 Unionists, under Colonel Hough, and 1,100 Texan Confederates; a drawn battle. Battles of Pittsburg Landing and Shiloh - General Gr...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 3
Evacuation of Pensacola, Fla. - The 3,000 Confederates, under General Bragg, who had occupied Pensacola since January 12, 1861, fearing a visit from Commodore Porter's Union mortar-fleet, evacuated t...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 4
Battle of James Island, S. C. - Fought near Charleston, June 16, 1862, between Unionists, under General Stevens, and Confederates, the former being defeated with a loss of 85 killed, 172 wounded, and ...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 5
Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va. - Fought August 9, 1862, between the Confederate army, numbering about 21,000, under Generals Jackson, Ewell and Longstreet, and about 7,000 Unionists, under General Bank...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 6
The Evacuation of Maryland and Harper's Ferry - On the 18th of September, 1862, the Confederate army of Lee and Jackson withdrew from Maryland to Virginia, after having invaded the first -named State ...
-Battles Of The Second Year Of The War. Part 7
Fight at Hartsville, Tenn. - Fought December 7. 1862. between Morgan's Confederate cavalry and a brigade of Unionists of Dumont's command, under Colonel Moore. After an hour's fight, the brigade, cons...
-Battles Of The Third Year Of The War
Battle of Galveston, Tex. - Fought January 1, 1863, between a Confederate force of 3,000 men, under General Magruder, and the 300 Unionists who occupied the town. At the same time the Confederate batt...
-Battles Of The Third Year Of The War. Part 2
Buttle at Milton, Tenn. - Fought March 20, 1863, between 4,000 Confederates under Wheeler and Morgan, and 1,323 mounted Unionists, under Colonel Hall. The Confederates were totally defeated, with a lo...
-Battles Of The Third Year Of The War. Part 3
Stoneman in Virginia. - During the battles of Chancellorsville, May 1-4, 1863, the Union General Stoneman, with a large body of cavalry, raided Virginia destroying large quantities of Confederate prov...
-Battles Of The Third Year Of The War. Part 4
Morgan's Raids - June 27, 1863, John Morgan, with 2,500 Confederate guerrillas and 4 cannon, began a raid in Kentucky. On the 3d of July, a sharp fight occurred between them and a reconnoitering party...
-Battles Of The Third Year Of The War. Part 5
Battle at Wytheville, Va. - Fought July 20, 1863, between Union cavalry under Colonel Tolland, of the 34th Ohio mounted infantry, and a Confederate force; it resulted, after a severe conflict, in the ...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War
Battles Near Newbern, N. C - February 1. 1864, a Confederate force, estimated at 15,000, attacked a small number of Union troops, under General Palmer, at Bachelor's creek, an outpost of the Unionists...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War. Part 2
Battle of Crump's Hill, La. - Fought April 2, 1864, between 3 brigades of Union troops under Lee, and a body of Confederates. The former made a charge which caused the Confederates to retreat, and the...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War. Part 3
Confederate forces in Georgia, after several unimportant skirmishes, found themselves confronted with the Confederates about three miles from Dallas, Ga., May 25, 1864. After a general action the Conf...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War. Part 4
Battle of Rood's Hill, Va. - Fought in June, 1864, between 6 regiments of Unionists under General Sigel and about 7,000 Confederate infantry, with cavalry and artillery, of Brecken-ridge's army. Sigel...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War. Part 5
Battle at Deep Bottom, Va. - Fought August 16, 1864, between the Federal forces and a superior number of Confederates, the former being obliged to retire, though without heavy losses. Fights on the W...
-Battles Of The Fourth Year Of The War. Part 6
Battle of Allatoona, Ga. - On the 5th October, 1864, a strong force of Confederates under General French, unsuccessfully attacked the small Union garrison under General Corse, with a loss of 2,000 men...
-Battles During The Fifth Year Of The Late CIVIL War
Occupation of Milledgeville, the Capital of Georgia - Sherman's Union army occupied Milledgeville, November 23, 1864. The Confederate legislature, in session there, hastily-adjourned, and the citizens...
-Battles During The Fifth Year Of The Late CIVIL War. Continued
Stoneman's Raid in Virginia - December 15, 1864, Generals Stoneman and Burbridge of the Union army in Tennessee, sallied out to Glade's Spring, W. Va., destroying a railroad track east of Abingdon, an...
-A Few Of The Well-Known Officers In The CIVIL War
Evacuation of Charleston, S. C - Febru-ary 18, 1865, the city of Charleston was evacuated by the Confederates, and occupied by the Union General Gilmore. A large amount of valuable property was destro...
-A Few Of The Well-Known Officers In The CIVIL War. Continued
Distinguished Officers in the Union Service During the Civil War. Robert Anderson. Maj.-Gen.; b. near Louisville, Ky.; died in France in 1871. Edward B. Baker. Colonel; U. S. Sen. from Or.; b. in Lo...
-Division 42. How The United States Are Governed
Outline History Of The United States 1. Alabama. 2. Arkansas. 8. California. 4. Colorado. 6. Connecticut. 6. Delaware. 7. Florida. 8. Georgia. 9. Illinois. 10. Indiana. 11. Iowa. 12. Kansas....
-How The United States Are Governed. Duties And Privileges Of Persons In Official Positions
Early Discovery, Settlement and Government of the Country. THE RECORD of North American discovery and settlement may be thus briefly told: Greenland, by Icelanders, in A. D. 980; Bahama islands, by C...
-The Declaration Of Independence And The Signers Of The Document
Signers of the Declaration of Independence. John Hancock - Quincy Mass John Adams, Quincy - Mass. Robert Treat Paine Boston, Mass ...
-The Declaration Of Independence
A DECLARATION by the representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled. Passed, Thursday, July 4, 1776. When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people t...
-The Ratification Of The Constitution By The Thirteen Original States
AFTER the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the thirteen British colonies were known as the Thirteen United States of America. Beyond the efforts of Congress to sustain the conflict betwee...
-The Constitution Of The United States
WE, THE PEOPLE of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the ...
-House Of Representatives
Sect. II - 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications requi...
-The Senate
Sect. III. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six years, and each senator shall have one vote. 1. Immediately aft...
-Election Of Congressmen
Sect. IV. Times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or a...
-General Bales
2. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 3. Each House shall keep a journal of it...
-How Law Is Made
3. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the United States. If he approve, he shall sign it; ...
-The Powers Of Congress
Sect. VIII. The Congress shall have power - 1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but ...
-Emigration And Taxes
Sect. IX. - 1. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thou sand eight...
-Titles Forbidden
7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States, and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolume...
-Election Of President
ARTICLE II. - Sect. I. - 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and. together with the Vice-Pres...
-Powers Of The President
Sect. II. - 1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several States when called into the actual service of the United States; h...
-Administration Of Justice
ARTICLE III. - Sect. I. The Judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judge...
-Rights Of The Several States
ARTICLE IV.-Sect. I. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general laws, prescribe the m...
-How Amendments May Be Made
ARTICLE V. The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the Legislatures of two-thirds of the seve...
-Trial By Jury
ARTICLE VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been com mitted, w...
-The Electoral Tote
ARTICLE XII. - 1. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themse...
-Who Are Citizens
ARTICLE XIV. - Sect. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State in which they reside. No State...
-What Debts Shall Be Paid
Sect. IV. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in supressing insurrection or rebellion, s...
-The First Congresses
THE first Continental Congress, formed while the thirteen colonies were yet under British dominion, exerted no political influence, and had no part in the government of the United States, for it disso...
-The First Presidential Election
EACH of the thirteen original States having duly accepted the Federal Constitution, it was ratified by Congress, and went into operation in 1789. At this time public opinion pointed unmistakably to Ge...
-Division 43. Duties Of Federal Officers
Duties Of Principal Federal Officers IN ORDER to become acquainted with the general government of the country, the reader should first carefully study the Constitution of the United States, which is ...
-The President Of The United States
THE PRESIDENT must be thirty-five years old, a native of the United States, and a resident of the United States fourteen years. He holds office for four years, and swears to preserve, protect and def...
-The Vice-President's Eligibility, Requirements And Privileges
THE Vice-President is elected at the same time and by the same process as the President of the United States. No man who is ineligible for the office of President can be elected Vice-President. He goe...
-Officers Of The Cabinet. Duties Of The Several Members Of The President's Cabinet
THE EXECUTIVE departments of the United States government are seven in number: the Department of State, the Department of War, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Justice, the Department...
-The Secretary Of State. A Summary Of His Duties
THE duties of the Secretary of State are from time to time prescribed by the President of the United States, and relate principally to carrying on correspondence, issuing commissions or instructi...
-The Executive of War. War Department Of The United States
An Outline Sketch of His Official Work, the Number of His Assistants and their Salaries. THE EXECUTIVE of War is appointed by the President to assist in carrying on the government of the country, ...
-Equipment, Salaries And Duties Of Army Officers
THE PRESIDENT of the United States is the commander-in-chief of the army. The army of the United States, on a peace footing, consists of five regiments of artillery, ten regiments of cavalry, twenty-...
-Equipment, Salaries And Duties Of Army Officers. Part 2
The Pay department is charged with the punctual payment of the troops, and is presided over by the Paymaster-General, and as many assistant paymasters as are required to perform that duty. The Bureau...
-Equipment, Salaries And Duties Of Army Officers. Part 3
Hospital Stewards Hospital stewards are either enlisted for that position, or appointed from the enlisted men in the army, and are permanently attached to the medical corps, under the regulations of ...
-Equipment, Salaries And Duties Of Army Officers. Part 4
Non-Commissioned Officers Under regulations established by the Secretary of War, non-commissioned officers may be examined by a board of four officers as to their qualifications for the duties of com...
-Equipment, Salaries And Duties Of Army Officers. Part 5
Army Clothing The uniform of the army, and the quantity and kind of clothing issued annually to the troops, are prescribed by the President. West Point Military Academy The officers of the West Poi...
-The Board Of Visitors
A Board of Visitors is appointed once a year to attend the annual examination of cadets at the Military academy. Seven persons are appointed by the President of the United States, and two United State...
-Military Prison
A military prison has been established at Rock Island, Ill., by the government, for the confine-ment and reformation of offenders against the rules, regulations and laws for the government of the army...
-National Service
Should the United States be invaded or be in imminent danger of invasion from any foreign nation or Indian tribe, or of rebellion against the government of the United States, the President may call fo...
-The Secretary Of The Treasury. His Duties As Manager Of The United States Moneys
AMONG THE requirements it is stipulated that the Secretary of the Treasury shall not be interested, directly or indirectly, in carrying on any business of trade or commerce, or own any interest in a s...
-Plans For Raising Money
In his annual report to Congress the Secretary shall present: Estimates of the public revenue and public expenditures for the current fiscal year, with plans for improving and increasing the revenues ...
-Bureau Of The Mint
The Bureau of the Mint is under the general direction of the Secretary of the Treasury. Its chief officer is the Director of the Mint, who is appointed by the President; serves five years, unless he d...
-How To Secure A Home On Government Land
THE Government of the United States owns and controls the public lands, not previously disposed of, where the Indian title has been extinguished by purchase or otherwise. The public lands are open to...
-Custom-House Officers
The laws of the United States provide for the collection of duties on imported goods and merchandise in 110 collection districts of the Union, with one Collector of Customs, appointed by the President...
-Duties Of Naval Officers
The Naval Officer of any port is appointed by the President, and holds his office four years, unless sooner removed. His duties are as follows: To examine quarter-yearly, or oftener, if directed so to...
-Duty Of Surveyors Of Customs
The Surveyor of Customs at any port is appointed by the President, and holds his office four years, unless sooner removed. At ports where a collector, naval officer and surveyor are appointed, it is ...
-Duty Of Surveyors Of Customs. Continued
The President appoints for each of these districts one Collector of Internal Revenue, who must be a resident of the district for which he is appointed. Appointment Of Deputy Collectors Each collecto...
-The Light-House Board
The President appoints two officers of the navy, of high rank; two officers of the corps of engineers of the array, and two citizens in civil life, of high scientific attainments, whose services are a...
-The Life-Saving Service
By law the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to establish stations at certain points on the Atlantic coast and the shores of the Northern lakes, for affording aid to the shipwrecked vessels and ...
-The Revenue Marine Service
The President, for the better security of the collection of import or tonnage duties on commercial vessels ami cargoes, causes the maintenance of as many revenue-cutters as may be necessary for the pr...
-The Coast Survey
Surveys of the sea-coasts and lake-coasts of the United States may be authorized by the President for the purpose of aiding navigation by the production of correct charts of courses, distances, depth ...
-United States Fish Commissioner
The laws provide that the President shall appoint from among the civil officers or employes of the government a Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, who must be a person of proved scientific and practi...
-Pension Agents
The President is authorized to appoint all pension-agents, who hold their respective offices for four years, unless sooner removed or suspended. Each pension-agent, whether man or woman, is required t...
-The Secretary of the Interior
The Secretary of the Interior may also appoint qualified surgeons, not exceeding four in number, to perform the duties of examining surgeons when so required, and they are borne on the rolls of his of...
-Duties Of The Commissioner Of Indian Affairs
The Commissioner of Indian Affairs has the management of all Indian affairs and all matters arising out of Indian relations. To him are transmitted, for examination, all accounts and vouchers for clai...
-United States Surveyors
The President appoints one Surveyor-General in the States and Territories named below, each embracing one surveying district: Louisiana, Florida, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Dakota Territory, O...
-The Patent-Office
The Patent-Office is a bureau of the Interior Department, wherein are kept and preserved all the records, books, models, drawings, specifications and other papers and things pertaining to patents for ...
-Superintendent Of Public Documents
The Superintendent of Public Documents, appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, collects, arranges, preserves, packs and distributes the publications received at the Department of the Interior for...
-Hospitals
Besides the foregoing bureaus and offices of the Department of the Interior, the Secretary of the Interior is charged with the supervision of the Government Hospital for the Insane, in the District of...
-The Bureaus Of The Naval Department
PROMINENT in the President's cabinet is the Secretary of the Navy. The business of the naval department is distributed among the following eight bureaus: The Bureau of Yards and Docks, presided over b...
-Facts Concerning The Various Branches Of The United States Navy
THE ACTIVE officers of the United States Navy are graded as follows: Admiral, Vice-Admiral, rear-admirals, commodores, captains, commanders, lieutenant-commanders, lieutenants, masters, ensigns, and ...
-The Naval Academy
The Naval Academy of the United States is established at Annapolis, Md. The students are styled cadet midshipmen, and of these one is allowed to be appointed for every member or delegate of the Hous...
-How Vessels Are Ranked And Classified
The classification of vessels in the navy includes four grades, commanded as follows: First rate vessels by commodores, second rate by captains, third rate by commanders, and fourth rate by lieutenant...
-Punishment For Offenses
Congress has prepared sixty articles for the government of the officers and men in the navy. They have special reference to offenses committed against discipline, good order and morality, and the pena...
-An Insight Into The Workings Of The Postal Service
THIS EXECUTIVE department of the Government is superintended by the Postmaster-General. His term continues through that of the President, by whom he is appointed, and one month more, unless he sooner ...
-The United States Postal Service. Division Of Labor In Large Post-Offices
The postmaster, with a private secretary, has an office, where he maintains a general supervision over the entire post-office and its business, answering correspondence relating to postal business, an...
-Interior Work Of Large Post-Offices
The duties of mailing clerks are varied according to the departments in which they are employed, as for instance: To open all packages of letters addressed to that office, to count and compare them wi...
-Interior Work Of Large Post-Offices. Part 2
Any postmaster who issues a money-order without having previously received the money therefor, is deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be fined not less than $50 nor more than $500. Prices Of Post...
-Interior Work Of Large Post-Offices. Part 3
Letters With Writer's Address On Envelope Prepaid letters, bearing upon the outside the name and address of the writer, are not advertised, but if not called for within a time set by the writers, are...
-Interior Work Of Large Post-Offices. Part 4
Requirements Of Postmasters Every postmaster keeps an office in which one or more persons must be on duty during such hours of the day as the Postmaster-General directs, for the purpose of receiving,...
-The Judiciary Department Of The United States
THIS EXECUTIVE department of the Government is in charge of the Attorney-General of the United States. He is assisted by another officer, learned in the law, called the Solicitor-General; also three o...
-The Judiciary Department Of The United States. Part 2
The Judges Of The United States Supreme Court Jos. P. Bradley. Stephen J. Field. Sam. F. Miller, Nathan Clifford, M. R. Waite, N. A. Swayne, David Davis, W. Strong, Ward Hunt. THE above illustrat...
-The Judiciary Department Of The United States. Part 3
Duties Of Clerks At each regular session of any court of the United States, the clerk presents to the court an account of all moneys remaining therein or subject to its order, stating in detail in wh...
-The Judiciary Department Of The United States. Part 4
Should a vacancy occur in the office of the district attorney or marshal within any circuit, the circuit justice of such circuit may fill it, and the person so appointed serves until an appointment is...
-Statement Of Judgments Rendered
At the beginning of the annual session of Congress, the clerk transmits to it a full and complete statement of all the judgments rendered by the court during the previous year, stating the amounts the...
-The President's Mansion
AT THE western end of the city of Washington stands the staid and venerable home of the Presidents of the United States, during their terms of office. Close by it, and surrounding it, are the Governme...
-How Bills Are Passed And Laws Made
ALTHOUGH the Constitution of the United States quite fully details the work to be done by Congress, the following outline of the form of procedure will doubtless be interesting, it being much the same...
-A Local Bill For Personal Gain
That more or less of personal selfishness should sometimes reveal itself in Congressional legislation is a natural consequence. In order to show the routine work of introducing a bill, the nature of t...
-A Local Bill For Personal Gain. Continued
The Bill Before The Committee When the full bill came up in the committee for consideration, Smith was requested to be present with one or two of his friends to explain anything that might be deemed ...
-Personal Interviews With A Congressman
One of the Senators from Wisconsin was on this committee. When Smith learned the reference of his bill in the Senate, he sought the Senator from Wisconsin, with whom he had considerable, acquaintance;...
-Favorable Consideration By The Committee
The committee was favorably impressed by this testimony, and the Senator cheerfully withdrew his proposed amendment. No other objection was made to the bill as it came from the House. One member of th...
-A Bill Of General Interest. In The House
On the last day of the last session of the Fortieth Congress, the President of the United States signed, and thus approved, a bill, which had been regularly passed by both Houses of Congress, entitled...
-Congressional Committees
Committees are appointed in the different houses of Congress to consider bills relating to the following. Elections. Ways and Means. Appropriations. Judiciary. Banking and Currency. Weights and...
-The Duties Of United States Officers In The Territories
THE executive power of the Territories of the United States is vested in a governor, who is appointed by the President, and who holds his office for four years, unless sooner removed. He resides in th...
-Diplomatic Officers Of The United States
THE diplomatic officers of the United States include the following: Embassadors. - Persons sent by one sovereign power to another sovereign power to transact public business of importance and interes...
-Division 44. The United States Election Laws
Who May And Who May Not Vote ALL PERSONS born in the United States, and not subject to any foreign power, excluding Indians not taxed; all children born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the Unit...
-Division 44. The United States Election Laws. Continued
Must Stand Where Each Voter Can Be Seen The better to enable the supervisors of election to discharge their duties, they are authorized and required, in their respective election districts or voting ...
-Division 45. Forms Of Public Meetings
General Directions Relating To Constitutions And By-Laws. Constitutions AS A BASIS of action in the government of an association of people, who propose to hold regular and frequent meetings, it becom...
-Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals
PREAMBLE. CRUELTY to Animals being a prevailing fault, calculated to cultivate the baser passions of man's nature, it becomes necessary, in order to counteract the same, to take individual and united...
-Constitution Of A Village Lyceum
PREAMBLE. GROWTH and development of mind, together with readiness and fluency of speech, being the result of investigation and free discussion of religious, educational, political, and other topics, ...
-Forms Of Calls For Public Meetings. Forms Of Wording In Calling Public Meetings
AMONG the duties of the projector of a public meeting will be the writing of the Call, which should be clear, distinct, and brief, yet sufficiently explicit to enable people to know when, where, and...
-Resolutions Of Respect And Condolence. On The Death Of A Freemason
At a regular communication of Carleton Lodge, No. 156, A. F. and A. M., held Feb. 10, 18 - , the following preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted : Whereas, It has pleased the Great Arch...
-Resolutions Appropriate For Many Occasions
RESOLUTIONS are a brief, terse method of expressing the opinions and sentiments of a company of people relative to any subject which it is desirable to discuss or place on record. They are applicable...
-Resolutions Appropriate For Many Occasions. Continued
Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed by this meeting to investigate the extent of this violation, and report the same to the city council at their next meeting. Resolved, That we call upo...
-Petitions
A PETITION is a formal request or supplication, from the persons who present or sign the paper containing it, to the body or individual to whom it is presented, for the grant of some favor. It is a ge...
-How To Conduct Public Entertainments
Suggestions Concerning Fourth Of July Celebrations, Etc. Hints Relating To Public Dinners, Picnics Festivals. Etc The Committees Necessary and the Plan of Organization. A PLEASING variety in the ...
-Toasts And Sentiments Appropriate For Various Occasions
AMONG the delightful titbits that afford variety and merriment on certain festal occasions, may be toasts and sentiments, thus: For A Christmas Dinner Christmas hospitality: And the ladies who m...
-How To Call, Organize And Conduct Public Assemblages
Duties of Officers, Order of Business, Introduction of Resolutions, and Parliamentary Usages in the Government of Public Gatherings. THE people of every community, in order to introduce laws, regulat...
-How To Call, Organize And Conduct Public Assemblages. Continued
Mr. Chairman, the Committee report the following resolutions. He then reads the resolutions, and gives them to the Secretary. The Chairman now says : You have heard the resolutions. What shall b...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules
THE foregoing illustration of the method of conducting public meetings and conventions will give the reader a general idea of the mode of procedure in the organization and management of any public gat...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 2
It is customary for the secretary to stand while reading any extended document or calling the roll of members in large assemblages, and to retain his place throughout the session of the meeting unless...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 3
A report by a select committee being accepted, the committee is dissolved, though anything further arising on the question, the matter may be recommitted to the same committee. When accepting a report...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 4
Right To The Floor Two or more persons arising to speak at nearly the same time, the chairman will decide who was first up, by calling the name or otherwise indicating such person, whereupon he proce...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 5
Promptitude Of The Presiding Officer The president should be promptly in his seat at the minute appointed, and should strictly enjoin upon members the necessity of punctuality. Thus, much time is gai...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 6
1. The assembly should completely understand the objects, tendency, and character of the resolution, or 2. If the resolution relate to a matter of public interest, and is obviously a subject that req...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 7
Should all these means fail, and the question be put and carried, subsequent light on the subject may cause the members to change their opinions, in which case 8th. The question may be taken up at th...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 8
The clerk may give the bill to any member, but it is usual to hand it to the one first named on the committee. Place Of Meeting The committee may meet where they please, unless ordered to meet in a ...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 9
1st. By amendments striking out all unnecessary matter. 2d. By the addition of all essential matter. 3d. By combining two or three propositions, where it can be done, in one. * When it is moved to ...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 10
* In Senate, January 25,1798, a motion to postpone until the second Tuesday in February, some amendments proposed to the constitution. The words until the second Tuesday in February were struck out ...
-Division 46. Parliamentary Rules. Part 11
In legislative assemblies, such as councils, legislatures, etc., the regulations of the code under which the assembly works sometimes give the presiding officer the privilege of voting only in case of...
-Supplementary - Parliamentary Rules. Adjournment
Adjournment If the meeting be a regular session of a legislature, or council, and it is moved and voted to adjourn, such adjournment is understood to be until the next regular meeting. If it is desir...
-Legislative Body Committees: Standing, Select, and Committee of the Whole
1. Committees in legislative bodies are of three kinds - Standing, Select, and Committee of the Whole. Standing Committees 2. Standing committees form an important feature in every legislative or ot...
-Legislative Body Committees: Standing, Select, and Committee of the Whole. Part 2
12. If a member, through courtesy, yields the floor to another, he loses his opportunity to speak again, unless the assembly gives him permission to do so. 13. If the chairman wishes to speak on eith...
-Legislative Body Committees: Standing, Select, Committee of the Whole. Part 3
3. It cannot be debated or amended. 4. It must be seconded before it can be voted upon. 5. It takes precedence over all former motions on the main question, except to lay on the table. 6. It having...
-Congress And Other Public Bodies
Motion to Adjourn - Must be seconded;* cannot be amended; cannot be reconsidered; must not refer to main question; requires a majority vote; is not in order when another has the floor; if carried, pos...
-Division 47. Speeches For Various Occasions
Suggestions Relating To Public Speaking THE man or woman in any community who can express ideas correctly, plainly, and readily, with good voice and self-possession, in the presence of others, alw...
-Instruction And Practice In Elocution. Facts Relative To Oratory, Eloquence, Expression, Gesture And Personal Appearance
AS MEN began to multiply upon the earth, the uses of language increased and assumed new expressions in accordance with the desires and needs of individuals. Thus, affection required one tone of voice ...
-Disadvantages In Public Speaking
THE above illustration shows the following unfavorable conditions for the speaker. 1. If in the day-time, the light in the hall, coming wholly from windows in the rear of the speaker, throws a shadow...
-Conditions Favorable For The Public Speaker
THE following arrangements in a hall favor the speaker, who would have the best conditions by which he may-have influence with an audience. 1. The stand used for manuscript should occupy as little ro...
-The Difference Between Embarrassment And Self-Possession
How differently does the true orator appear! Untrammeled on the platform by papers, he stands before his audience in the dignity of human nature, every feature enlivened by the thoughts that till his ...
-Division 48. Facial Expression And Gesture
As Illustrated by Drawings Prepared Expressly for this Work. FOR THE purpose of setting clearly before the student in elocution and oratory the gesture, posture, and expression of face ap-ropriate...
-Posture And Gesture In Oratory
UNDER a feeling of Disgust, the head and body are turned away from the object; the lower limbs are parted, with the feet at right angles, the left being advanced; the forehead and the eyebrows are con...
-The Advancement Of Woman To New Fields Of Labor. Results Of Higher Civilization
THE civilization of the age is signalized by the advancement of woman to a higher plane of thought and action than she formerly occupied. Among the savage nations, woman's condition is that of the ver...
-Intense Feeling As Expressed In Face And Gesture
TO represent the expression of Love with fidelity to nature, the gaze should be intently fixed upon the object of affection, with mingled tenderness and admiration; the hands are clasped in the ferven...
-Division 49. Where To Spear And What To Sax
THE head and bust, in Fear, are first thrown forward and then recede: the chin is drawn toward the chest; the mouth opens; the eyes are expanded and gaze upon the fearful object; the face is distorted...
-Forms Of Speeches For Public Meetings
While These May not be Followed Literally, They will Give Suggestions. THE forms for organizing a meeting are explained upon another page. The president of the assemblage, when called to the chair, w...
-Suitable Forms For Presiding Officer When Introducing Speaker
Form No. 1. Ladies and Gentlemen : Mr. Henry K. Williams. Form No. 2. Ladies and Gentlemen: I have the pleasure of introducing to you Mr. Henry K. Williams. Form No. 3. Ladies and Gentlemen: I ha...
-Speech Announcing Change Of Programme
It becomes necessary to announce to you a change of programme for the exercises of to-day. By a letter just received from the Hon. William Marsh, we learn that he cannot be with us until Thursday afte...
-Inaugural Addresses And Speech Of Welcome. Brief Inaugural Address Of A Mayor
Gentlemen of the Council: In meeting with yon this evening for the first time as the municipal directors of the affairs of this city, I am glad to find among you so many with whom in the past I have b...
-Form Of A President's Inaugural
Members of the Industrial League: We meet to-day in the third annual convention of this association. As in the past, we come together to consider the interests of the laboring classes, and in our disc...
-Remarks By A Teacher At The Opening Of School
Young Ladies and Gentlemen: It has fallen to my lot to become your instructor during the coming term of school, and the hope is that in our intercourse together our time spent in each others' society ...
-Speech Of Welcome To A Distinguished Guest
Governor Raymond : These gentlemen and myself represent the citizens of Chicago and by them we have been instructed to give you, and the ladies who accompany you, a hearty welcome to the hospitality o...
-Speeches Nominating A Candidate For Office
No. 1. Mr. President: I suggest the name of Henry L. Smith as that of our Assessor for the coming year. No. 3. Mr. President: As a gentleman every way competent to fill the office, I will nominate J...
-The Flag Presentation. Presentation And Other Speeches
THE presentation speech should be short. It may allude to the work that the individual has accomplished, by which he or she is entitled to the gift. It may appropriately speak of the high regard in wh...
-Presentation Speech At A Silver Wedding
Mr. and Mrs.---------:It becomes my pleasant duty, in behalf of your friends assembled here to-night, to remind you that we are not forgetful of the fact that you have turned a quarter of a century in...
-Reply To The Presentation Speech
Dear Friends: It is at such a time as this that words fail to express the feelings of the heart. There comes occasionally a period in life when our unworthiness is made all the more manifest by the be...
-Speech, Presenting A Book, By The Pupil Of A School To A Teacher At The Close Of Her Last Term
MISS Williams : I am appointed by the pupils of this school to present you, in their name, this volume - a cyclopedia of poetry, containing the poetic gems of ancient and modern times. In presenting ...
-Speech Upon Being Nominated As A Candidate For Office
Mr. President and Fellow Citizens : My thanks are due for the compliment paid in selecting me to represent this district in the State senate. As I desire to go into the legislature unpledged and un-tr...
-In Reply To A Serenade At The Clarendon House
Fellow Citizens : In response to your call for a talk from me, I beg to assure you that I appreciate the honor you do me in this gathering. But while I tender you my thanks for this ovation, I am not ...
-Speech Accompanying Presentation Of A Watch To A Clergyman
Reverend and Dear Sir : For more than twelve months past, we, as members of your church and congregation, have profited by your ministrations, and within that period you have greatly endeared yourself...
-Address To A Retiring Public Officer, Accompanying A Testimonial From The Employes
Mr. Hazlitt: We have learned with unfeigned regret of your intention to resign your office as Superintendent of this railway at the close of the present month, and avail ourselves of this occasion to ...
-Speech At A Wooden Wedding
Ladies and Gentlemen : An occasion like this is eminently calculated for the reception of congratulations. Here are two hearts that have beat as one full five years without desiring to be two again. F...
-Speech Accompanying A Testimonial Of Esteem
Sir: A few more days and the term of your office will expire. We had hoped, until after the recent election, that you might have held it still longer; but the people have determined otherwise, and it ...
-Speech Of A Candidate When Serenaded
Gentlemen: I love music, but especially that kind that wakes me in the night to assure me of the esteem, kind remembrance and hearty support of my friends in the exciting contest upon which we have en...
-Forms Of Miscellaneous Speeches. Speech Of Welcome
By Gen. W. T. Sherman, at reunion of the Army of the Tennessee. Fellow-Soldiers: I am glad to meet those here present on this day, and in this place. It is said that we could not meet on any day whic...
-Speech At Firemen's Review And Christmas Festival Talk
I look into your faces, gentlemen, and see written there the determination to fight this battle to the bitter end, I feel that it will be manfully fought. It is too soon to figure the result. Ours wil...
-Speech At A Christmas Festival
To Sunday-school pupils; the room being decorated with evergreens, while one or two Christmas-trees laden with gifts stand near by. Friends of the Sabbath-School and Sunday-School Pupils: In the mids...
-A Variety Of Speeches. Speech At Old Settlers' Reunion
Fellow Citizens - Old Neighbors and Pioneers in Hallock County: Forty years ago, in company with Old Benjamin Crawford, who died last year, I hunted for ducks on this very block of ground, worth to-da...
-Speech At An Improvement Meeting
Mr. President: While it is unquestionably true that the manufacturing of articles that may be sold abroad is a most prolific source of revenue and ultimate wealth to a town, it is equally important th...
-Selling Goods At Auction
The business of disposing of goods at auction is one of large magnitude. Frequently, when all other means prove futile in getting rid of property, the auctioneer's persuasive language, added to the in...
-Fourth Of July Oration
Fellow Citizens : The Declaration of American Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress at the State House, Philadelphia, July 4, 1776, to the reading of which we have just been listening, sta...
-Independence Day - Where To Place Different Divisions In A Procession. Celebrating The Fourth Of July. History Of The Day And Forms For Its Observance
FROM 1761 to 1773 the thirteen American colonies owned and controlled by Great Britain were in a continuous state of excitement caused by the excessive taxation imposed upon them, the arbitrary rule o...
-Exercises At Burial Service. Forms In Use On Certain Occasions
DECORATION-DAY, one of the American national holidays, occurs May 30 of each year, and is devoted, with appropriate ceremonies, to decorating with flowers the graves of the soldiers who fell in the ci...
-Exercises At Burial Service. Forms In Use On Certain Occasions. Continued
G. A. R. Public Exercises in a Hall. Should inclement weather interfere with the foregoing exercises at the cemetery, the public is invited to join the comrades in celebrating the day in some hall. ...
-Ceremonies At The Grave
If the nature of the ground permits, the Post forms about the grave in the manner best suited to participation in the obsequies, and the ceremony proceeds as follows: The Commander stands at the head...
-Remarks On The Death Of A Child
Dear Friends: I know how impossible it is to silence your grief with words. The heart pleads for utterance in tears, and let it speak thus. We bow in sorrow at the taking of our little one, feeling th...
-Address On The Death Of A Young Lady
Friends: How feeble are words to carry consolation to hearts bereaved of a loved daughter in the household. A tender, clinging vine, interwoven in sweet memories from the hour the angel first gave her...
-Various Forms Of Ministerial Benedictions And Ascriptions
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost be with you all. Amen. Glory be to the Father, and to ...
-Speech Soliciting Funds For Church Edifice. Words of The Pastor
Beloved: Before pronouncing the benediction I wish to call your kind attention to the Rev. Charles Peabody, of Brooklyn, who has a few remarks to offer. Mr. Peabody, as most of you know, is the author...
-Speech Soliciting Funds For A Park
Ladies and Gentlemen: You have responded so generally to the call for this meeting, that I am encouraged to hope its object is popularly appreciated and will be generously sustained by your influence ...
-Speeches In Favor Of Improvement And Education
We have figured up the cost of the proposed park at$1,600, which, divided among our 1,000 inhabitants, is only $1. 60 per head, and I am grandly mistaken if we have not among us ten substantial men wh...
-Speech Soliciting Funds For A Public Fountain
Ladies and Gentlemen: The winter is past, the time of the singing of birds has come, and hot weather will soon be upon us. Everything betokens a heated term of considerable duration, and it is well, f...
-A Visitor Speaks To The Pupils Of A Public School
My Dear Young Friends: I have been listening with much pleasure to your recitations to-day, and with no less delight to the encouraging words of your teachers whenever you faltered in your answers. Fo...
-Speech At A Base-Ball Dinner
Fellow-Players: As I look around this table I see honest, manly faces, strong limbs, and genial companions, which do my heart good, especially as I fail to see a single muff among you. Everything,...
-Reception Of A Visiting Fire Company
Mr. Foreman, and Firemen all: During the weeks that we have been anticipating your coming, we have also been studying plans by which we might make your visit a pleasant one; for we designed, as we now...
-Reply By The Foreman Of The Visiting Company
Mr.Foreman and Gentlemen: We anticipated a generous reception at your hands, for the fame of your hospitality has become general among the firemen of our city. Although this is our first professional...
-The Forms And Ceremonies Relating To Baptism Of Children
According To The General Church Forms ENERALLY the baptism of children forms a part of the morning services of the church, after the opening prayer, the first hymn, and the responsive reading of s...
-Suggestions And Directions Concerning Management Of Festal Occasions. The Banquet Hall. Order And Arrangement Of The Banquet
BANQUETS are given in honor either of some noted occasion, or some distinguished foreigner or prominent citizen, generally by an organization or association of men. A committee of arrangements is appo...
-Speech At A Dry-Goods-Merchants' Reunion
Fellow Tradesmen : When the formation of this society was conceived it had no higher purpose than to unite us for mutual protection and companionship, and on that basis it has proved itself a useful a...
-Toasts And Responses
I am happy, on this occasion, to meet so many old comrades - stal-wart young fellows whom I knew before they aspired to shoulder-straps; with whom, side by side, I carried a musket into many bloody fi...
-Speech At A Printers' Banquet
Fellow-Printers: It having devolved upon me to respond to the sentiment just offered - The Art Preservative of All Arts, and the Artists of the Composing-Room - I may as well say right here that 1 k...
-Speech At An Iron Manufacturers' Festival
Mr. President and Gentlemen: In an epoch so filled with surprising inventions, improved methods of living, and important benefits to all classes of society, it is difficult to determine the specific n...
-Artists' Reunion
Response by the president to the toast, Our Art and Artists. Fellow-Artists: I suppose that most of us are aware of the very important part which fidelity to nature and the higher principles of art...
-Giving The Causes Of Depression In Business
The periods of financial depression come frequently in late years. Why ? Does anybody know why ? Apparently very few people have any distinct idea as to the causes that produce general financial distr...
-Suggestions To Farmers
We may anticipate many objections that will arise, one being that | raising the price of home-made goods, similar articles will flow in from foreign countries, so that our manufacturers could not comp...
-Speech At A County Agricultural Fair
Ladies and Gentlemen : Another year of seed-time and harvest has passed away since we last assembled on these grounds to witness the excellence of this county in producing the necessaries and luxuries...
-Washington's Birthday
Speech at a gathering in honor of the occasion. Ladies and Gentlemen: That a little child should have been born of respectable people in moderate circumstances, in the British colony of Virginia, Feb...
-Speech Of A Speaker Who Had Nothing To Say
Ladies and Gentlemen: If there is one comfort greater than another, to a person who has nothing to say at such a time as this, it is the realization of the fact that having nothing to say, he can anno...
-Opening A New Railroad
Speech at the driving of the last spike by the president. Messrs. Directors and Officers: No one knows better than yourselves the difficulties which we encountered at the outset in the establishment ...
-Fourth Of July Celebration Abroad. Speech By The United States Consul At A Reunion Of Americans
Ladies and Gentlemen: Assembled as we are to-day beneath the blue skies and amid the luxuriant products of a foreign nation, our hearts beat warmly at the recurrence of this cherished anniversary of A...
-Division 50. Writing For The Press
Writing For The Newspaper Writing for the Press. IN writing for the Press, while being explicit, the writer should make the statement as brief as possible. Though in ordinary conversation t...
-Subjects For Local News. Important Reportorial Qualifications
The reporter should be truthful. In writing of any event, great care should be taken to state the actual facts. To do this, the reporter should possess the energy to go to the scene of action, if poss...
-Subjects Of Local And General Interest. Items For The Newspaper
For the advantage of the inexperienced writer, making record of home news, the following partial list is given, containing subjects of general interest to the public. Accidents. - When, where, to who...
-Writing For The Metropolitan Press
In every locality something will occasionally transpire the details of which will be of general interest to the public at large, in which case the publishers of papers in the large cities will esteem ...
-Results Of Bad Penmanship
Especial pains should be taken, when writing for the press, to write legibly. The error is very common with some authors and prominent men, of writing in a manner such as to seriously trespass upon th...
-Books And Book Making
books. FOLIO. QUARTO, 4to.. OCTAVO, 8vo.. Duodecimo, l2mo.. THE accompanying illustrations, upon this page, represent the principal sizes of books, namely: Folio, a long bo...
-Names Of The Different Sizes Of Book And Newspaper Type
The poetry and other matter occupying the lower portion of the following oblong spaces, it will be seen, are printed In a style much more open than the matter occupying the upper part of the space. Th...
-Names Of The Different Sizes Of Book And Newspaper Type. Continued
The love that lived through all the stormy past, And meekly with my harsher nature bore, And deeper grew, and tenderer to the last, Shall it expire with life, and be no more? Diamond Experience pr...
-Division 51. Directions For Reading Proof
TYPOGRAPHICAL MARKS Exemplified Though several differing opinions exist as to the individual by whom the art of printing was first discovered, yet all authorities concur in admitting PETER SCHOEF...
-Division 52. Lettering And Flourishing
Ornamental Designs For Card Writers Specimens Of Ornamental Cards Roman And Brush-Letter Alphabets. Brush Letters For Marking Purposes - Modern Sty...
-Division 53. Sign Punctuation
Illustrations of the Proper Wording and Punctuation of Sign Writing. Unusually Large Marks are used to Distinctly llustrate Punctuation, The period (.) is used at the end of every sentence, even ...
-Division 54. Inscriptions For Engravers
Wording and Punctuation of Inscriptions for Engraving. Forms of Wording, appropriate in marking Rings, Spoons, Pins, Coffin-Plates, Cane-Heads, Watches, Silverware, etc., for use in Presentation o...
-Division 55. Tombstone Inscriptions
Forms For Tomb-Stone Inscriptions USUAL recent wording of Tomb-Stone Inscriptions is shown in the following. In comparison, it will be seen that the modern inscription is generally much more brief...
-Poetic Selections Suitable For The Epitaph. Selections For Epitaphs. Gleanings From The Poets
Brief Extracts from the Best Poems, suitable to accompany Tomb-Stone Inscriptions. EVERY inscription on tomb-stones may appropriately be accompanied by an epitaph, which should be expressive yet very...
-Division 56. Rules For Writing Poetry
Poetry is the blossom and fragrance of all human knowledge, human thoughts, human passions, emotions, language. - Coleridge. The GENTLE stillness of a spring-time evening, when, with heart attun...
-Versification
VERSIFICATION is the art of making verse. Verse is rhythmical language, keeping time like music; having syllables arranged according to accent, quantity, and generally rhyme; being so divided into lin...
-Kinds Of Poetic Feet; Iambic Verse. Accent And Feet
Upon careful observation, it will be seen that we involuntarily divide a line of rhythmical verse into meter, by a sort of keeping time with hands and feet: accenting at regular intervals certain syll...
-Other Kinds Of Poetical Feet
Besides the foregoing there are other kinds of feet that sometimes occur. These are named the pyrrhic, the spondee, the amphibrach, and the tribrach. The pyrrhic consists of two short and the spondee ...
-Varieties Of Poetry
SEVERAL leading kinds of poetry are named as follows: Epic, Dramatic, Lyric, Elegiac, Pastoral, and Didactic. Epic Poetry Epic poetry pertains to the narrative, descriptive, and heroic in character,...
-Kinds Of Poems
VARIOUS kinds of poems are known by certain names, which are defined as follows: Odes. - Sacred hymns, such as are sung in church. Paeans. - Songs of praise and triumph. Ballads. - An easy form of ...
-Division 57. Vocabulary Of Rhymes
The Beauty And Value Of Rhyme The Poet's Assistant in Finding Words that Rhyme. AMONG the gems of literature that will live longest in the history of the world, will be various beautiful poems. P...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme
AB.-Bab, cab, dab, mab, nab, blab, crab, drab, scab, stab. Allowable rhymes, babe, astrolabe, etc. ACE.-Ace, dace, pace, face, lace, mace, race, brace, chace, grace, place, space, trace, apace, defac...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 2
AMP. - Camp, champ, cramp, damp, stamp, vamp, lamp, clamp, decamp, encamp, etc. AX. - Ban, can, Dan, man, Nan, pan, ran, tan, van, bran, plan, scan, span, than, unman, fore-ran. began, trepan, courte...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 3
AS. - Was. Allowable rhymes, has, as. ASS. - Ass, brass, class, grass, lass, mass, pass, alas, amass, cuirass, repass, surpass, morass, etc. Allowable rhymes, base, face, deface, etc., loss, toss, et...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 4
E E and EA, see EE. EACE, see EASE. EACH. - Beach, breach, bleach, each, peach, preach, teach, impeach. Nearly perfect rhymes, beech, leech, speech, beseech. Allowable rhymes, fetch, wretch, etc. E...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 5
EER. - Beer, deer, fleer, geer, jeer, peer, meer. leer, sheer, steer, sneer, cheer, veer, pickeer, domineer, cannoneer, compeer, engineer, mutineer, pioneer, privateer, charioteer, chanticleer, career...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 6
ENTS. - Accoutrements. Perfect rhymes, the plurals of nouns and third persons singular, present tense, of verbs in ent, as scents, he assents, etc. EP. - Step, nep, etc. Allowable rhymes, leap, reap,...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 7
ICH, see ITCH. ICK. - Brick, sick, chick, kick, lick, nick, pick, quick, stick, thick, trick, arithmetic, asthmatic, choleric, catholic, phlegmatic, heretic, rhetoric, schismatic, splenetic, lunatic,...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 8
IELD. - Field, yield, shield, wield, afield. Nearly perfect rhymes, the preterits and participles of verbs in eal, as healed, repealed, etc. IEN, see EEN. IEND. see end. IERCE, see ERSE. iesT, see EA...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 9
ISS. - Bliss, miss, hiss, kiss, this, abyss, amiss, submiss, dismiss, remiss. Allowable rhymes, mice, spice, etc., peace, lease, etc. IS, pronounced like IZ. - Is, his, whiz. ISE, see ICE and IZE. ...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 10
OIST. - Hoist, moist, foist. Perfect rhymes, the preterits and participles of verbs in oice, as rejoiced. Allowable rhymes, the preterits and participles of verbs in ice, as spiced. OIT. - Coit, expl...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 11
OP. - Chop, hop, drop, crop, fop, top, prop, flop, shop, slop, sop, stop, swap, underprop. Allowable rhymes, cope, trope, hope, etc., tup, sup, etc., coop, etc. OPE. - Sope, hope, cope, mope, grope, ...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 12
OVE. - Wove, inwove, interwove, alcove, clove, grove, rove, stove, strove, throve, drove. Allowable rhymes, dove, love, shove, glove, above, etc., move, behoove, approve, disprove, disapprove, improve...
-Classification Of Words That Rhyme. Part 13
UDGE. - Judge, drudge, grudge, trudge, adjudge, prejudge. UE, see EW. UFF. - Bun, cuff, bluff, huff, gruff, luff, puff, snuff, stuff, ruff, rebuff, counterbuff, etc. Perfect rhymes, rough, tough, e...
-Division 58. Selections From The Poets. Eternal Justice
BY CHARLES MACKAY. HE man is thought a knave or fool, Or bigot plotting crime, Who, for the advancement of his race, Is wiser than his time. For him the hemlock shall distill, For him the axe be b...
-Hereafter
O LAND beyond the setting sun! O realm more fair than poet's dream! How clear thy silvery streamlets run. How bright thy golden glories gleam! Earth holds no counterpart of thine; The dark-browed Or...
-Never Again
NEVER again will the roses blow For us as the roses we used to know. Oh! never again will the wide sky hold Such wealth of glory and sunset gold; And never again will I whisper, dear, The pleasant f...
-Hannah Jane
BY PETROLEUM V. NASBY. HE isn't half so handsome as when, twenty years agone, At her old home in Piketon, Parson Avery made us one; The great house crowded full of guests of every degree, The girls a...
-The Planting Of The Apple-Tree
BY WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT. COME, let us plant the apple-tree! Cleave the tough greensward with the spade; Wide let its hollow bed be made; There gently lay the roots, and there Sift the dark mold with...
-The Old Oaken Bucket
BY SAMUEL WOODWORTH. HOW dear to this heart are the scenes of my childhood, When fond recollection presents them to view! The orchard, the meadow, the deep-tangled wildwood, And every loved spot w...
-Betsey And I Are Out
BY WILL M. CARLETON. DRAW up the papers, lawyer, and make 'em good and stout; For things at home are cross-ways, and Betsey and I are out. We who have worked together so long as man and wife, Must pu...
-How Betsey And I Made Up
BY WILL M. CARLETON. GIVE us your hand, Mr. Lawyer: how do you do to-day? You drew up that paper - I s'pose you want your pay. Don't cut down your figures; make it an X or a V; For that 'ere written ...
-Maud Muller
BY JOHN G. WHITTIER. MaudMulleR, on a summer's day, Raked the meadowsweet with hay. Beneath her torn hat glowed the wealth Of simple beauty and rustic health. The sweet song died, and a vague unres...
-Absence
BY FRANCES ANNE KEMBLE. WHAT shall I do with all the days and hours That must be counted, ere I see thy face? How shall I charm the interval that lowers Between this time and that sweet time of grace...
-The Lost Steamship
BY FITZ-JAMES O BRIEN. Ho, THERE;: fisherman, hold your hand! Tell me what is that far away - There, where over the Isle of Sand Hangs the mist-cloud sullen and gray? See! it rocks with a ghastly lif...
-A Wish For Thee
BY JOHN G. C. BRAINARD. I SAW two clouds at morning, Tinged by the rising sun, And in the dawn they floated on, And mingled into one: I thought that morning cloud was blest, It moved so sweetly ...
-The Sculptor Boy
CHISEL in hand stood a sculptor boy, With his marble block before him: - And his face lit up with a smile of joy As an angel dream passed o'er him. He carved that dream on the yielding stone With ma...
-Little And Great
BY CHARLES MACKAY. TRAVELER, through a dusty road, Strewed acorns on the lea; And one took root and sprouted up, And grew into a tree. Love sought its shade at evening time, To breathe his early vows...
-There Is No Such Thing As Death
THERE is no such thing as death - In nature nothing dies; From each sad remnant of decay Some forms of life arise. The little leaf that falls All brown and sere to earth, Ere long will mingle with t...
-The Vagabonds
BY J. T. TROWBRIDGE. WE ARE two travelers, Roger and I. Roger's my dog - Come here, you scamp! Jump for the gentleman - mind your eye! Over the table, - look out for the lamp! - The rogue is growin...
-We Parted In Silence
BY MRS. CRAWFORD. WE PARTED in silence, we parted by night, On the banks of that lonely river; Where the fragrant limes their boughs unite We met - and we parted forever! The night-bird sung, and t...
-Changes
WHOM first we love, you know, we seldom wed. Time rules us all. And life, indeed, is not The thing we planned it out, ere hope was dead; And then, we women cannot choose our lot. Much must be borne w...
-"Poor Lone Hannah."
BY LUCY LARCOM. POOR, lone Hannah, Sitting at the window, binding shoes! Faded, wrinkled, Sitting, stitching, in a mournful muse! Bright-eyed beauty once was she, When the bloom was on the tree....
-Lullaby
BY ALFRED TENNYSON. SWEET and low, sweet and low, Wind of the western seal Low, low, breathe and blow, Wind of the western sea! Over the rolling waters go; Come from the dying moon, and blow, Blow...
-Rock Me To Sleep, Mother
BY FLORENCE PERCY. BACKWARD, turn backward, O Time, in your flight, Make me a child again, just for to-night! Mother, come back from the echoless shore, Take me again to your heart as of yore; Kiss f...
-The Evening Bells
BY THOMAS MOORE. WHOSE evening bells, those evening bells! How many a tale their music tells Of youth, and home, and native clime, When I last heard their soothing chime! Those pleasant hours have ...
-A Message
BY EBEN E. REXFORD. YOU ARE dying, my friend 1 Your bark will go drifting, ere breaking of day, Toward the shores lying over the shadowy bay; And at morn you will see, rising fair through the mist, T...
-You And I
IF we could leave this world behind - Its gains and loss, its praise and blame. Nor seeking place, nor fearing shame, Some fair land quite forgotten find, We might be happy, you and I, And let this f...
-A Snow-Storm
BY CHARLES G. EASTMAN. IS A fearful night in the winter time, As cold as it ever can be; The roar of the blast is heard, like the chime Of the waves on an angry sea; The moon is full, but her si...
-Little Feet
BY FLORENCE PERCY. TWO little feet so small that both may nestle In one caressing hand - Two tender feet upon the untried border Of life's mysterious land; Dimpled and soft, and pink as peach-tree b...
-The Closing Scene
WITHIN the sober realm of leafless trees, The russet year inhaled the dreamy air; Like some tanned reaper, in his hour of ease, When all the fields are lying brown and bare. The gray barns looking fr...
-By Mary Bradley
I PASSED before her garden gate: She stood among her roses, And stooped a little from the state In which her pride reposes, To make her flowers a graceful plea For luring and delaying me. When sum...
-A Musical Box
BY W. W. STORY. CHOU knowest her, the thing of laces, and silk, And ribbons, and gauzes, and crinoline, With her neck and shoulders as white as milk, And her doll-like face and conscious mien. A la...
-"Full Many A Flower Is Born To Blush Unseen."
ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCHYARD. BY THOMAS GRAY. THE curfew tolls the knell of parting day; The lowing herd winds slowly o'er the lea, The plowman homeward plods his weary way, And leaves the ...
-Epitaph
Here rests his head upon the lap of earth, A youth to fortune and to fame unknown; Fair Science frowned not on his humble birth, And Melancholy marked him for her own. Large was his bounty, and his ...
-Two Little Pairs
BY MRS. SUSAN TEALL PERRY. TWO little pairs of boots, to-night, Before the fire are drying; Two little pairs of tired feet In a trundle bed are lying; The tracks they left upon the floor Make me feel...
-The First Snow-Fall
BY JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL. THE snow had begun in the gloaming, And busily, all the night, Had been heaping field and highway With a silence deep and white. Every pine and fir and hemlock Wore ermine ...
-A Death-Bed
BY JAMES ALDRICH. HER suffering ended with the day; Yet lived she at its close, And breathed the long, long night away, In statue-like repose. But when the sun, in all his state, Illumed the easter...
-The Crooked Footpath
BY OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. AH, here it is! the sliding rail That marks the old remembered spot, The gap that struck our schoolboy trail, The crooked path across the lot. It left the road by school a...
-The Old Love
I MET her, she was thin and old, She stooped and trod with tottering feet; Her locks were gray that once were gold, Her voice was harsh that once was sweet; Her cheeks were sunken,and her eyes, Rob...
-Over The Hill To The Poor-House.
BY WILL M. CARLETON. OVER the hill to the poor-house I'm trudgin my weary way - I, a woman of seventy, and only a trifle gray - I, who am smart an' chipper, for all the years I've told, As many anoth...
-Over The Hill From The Poor-House
I who was always counted, they say, Rather a bad stick any way, Splintered all over with dodges and tricks, Known as the worst of the deacon's six; I, the truant, saucy and bold, The one black shee...
-Judge Not
JUDGE not! The workings of his brain And of his heart thou canst not see; What looks to thy dim eyes a stain, In God's pure light may only be A scar, brought from some well-won field. Where thou would...
-If I Should Die To-Night, Even Hearts Estranged Would Turn Once More To Me. Cleon And I
BY CHARLES MACKAY CLEON hath a million acres, Ne'er a one have I; Cleon dwelleth in a palace, In a cottage, I; Cleon hath a dozen fortunes, Not a penny, I; Yet the poorer of the twain is Cleon,an...
-If I Should Die To-Night
BY BELLE E. SMITH. If I should die to-night, My friends would look upon my quiet face Before they laid it in its resting-place, And deem that death had left it almost fair; And, laying snow-white flo...
-Love Lightens Labor
A GOOD wife rose from her bed one morn, And thought, with a nervous dread, Of the pile of clothes to be washed, and more Than a dozen mouths to be fed. rhere's the meals to get for the men in the fi...
-Jenny Kissed Me When We Met, Jumping From The Chair She Sat In." Jenny Kissed Me
BY LEIGH HUNT. JENNY kissed me when we met, Jumping from the chair she sat in; Time, you thief, who love to get Sweets into your list, put that in! Say I'm weary, say I'm sad; Say that health ...
-Roll Call
CORPORAL Green! the orderly cried; Here! was the answer, loud and clear, From the lips of a soldier who stood near, And Here! was the word the next replied. Cyrus Drew! - then a silence f...
-Up-Hill
BY CHRISTINA G. ROSSETTI. DOES the road wind up-hill all the way? Yes, to the very end. Will the day's journey take the whole long day? From morn to night, my friend. But is there for the night a re...
-Oh, Why Should The Spirit Of Mortal Be Proud?
BY WILLIAM KNOX. OH, why should the spirit of mortal be proud? Like a swift-fleeting meteor, a fast-dying cloud, A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave, Man passes from life to his rest in the...
-Sometime
SOMETIME, when all life's lessons have been learned. And sun and stars for evermore have set, The things which our weak judgments, here have spurned, The things o'er which we grieved with lashes wet, ...
-On The Other Side
WE GO our ways in life too much alone; We hold ourselves too far from all our kind; Too often we are dead to sigh and moan; Too often to the weak and helpless blind; Too often, where distress and wa...
-Ambition
BY LORD BYRON. He who ascends to mountain tops shall find The loftiest peaks most wrapt in clouds and snow; He, who surpasses or subdues mankind, Must look down on the hate of those below. Though h...
-Blessed Are They That Mourn
BY WM. C. BRYANT. There is a day of sunny rest For every dark and troubled night; And grief may bide an evening guest. But joy shall come with early light. For God hath marked each sorrowing day A...
-"For Men May Come And Men May Go, But I Go On Forever."
BY ALFRED TENNYSON. I COME from haunts of coot and hern; I make a sudden sally, And sparkle out among the fern, To bicker down a valley By thirty hills I hurry down, Or slip between the ridges; ...
-"Her Little Hand Outside Her Muff - To Keep It Warm I Had To Hold It."
THE conference meeting through at last, We boys around the vestry waited, To see the girls come tripping past Like snow-birds willing to be mated. Not braver he that leaps the wall By level muske...
-Scatter The Germs Of The Beautiful In The Depths Of The Human Soul. Little Boy Blue
BY ABBY SAGE RICHARDSON. UNDER the haystack, little Boy Blue Sleeps with his head on his arm, While voices of men and voices of maids Are calling him over the farm. Sheep in the meadows are running ...
-Keep Pushing
Keep pushing! 'tis wiser than sitting aside, And sighing and watching and waiting the tide; In life's earnest battle they only prevail, Who daily march onward and never say fail. extract from a psal...
-Scatter The Germs Of The Beautiful
SCATTER the germs of the beautiful, By the wayside let them fall. That the rose may spring by the cottage gate, And the vine on the garden wall; Cover the rough and the rude of earth With a veil of...
-Which Shall It Be?
BY ETHEL LYNN BEERS. WHICH shall it be? which shall it be? I looked at John - John looked at me (Dear patient John, who loves me yet As well as though my locks were jet,) And when I found that I must...
-Weeds
We call them weeds, the while with slender fingers, Earth's wounds and scars they seek to cover o'er; On sterile sands, where scarce the raindrop lingers, They grow and blossom by the briny shore. We...
-Over The River
BY NANCY AMELIA PRIEST. OVER the river they beckon to me. Loved ones who've crossed to the farther side; The gleam of their snowy robes I see, But their voices are lost in the dashing tide. There's...
-To Represent The Interests Of Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms
THIS Book is attaining an immense circulation, the printing of the twenty-seventh edition having been called for within a short period from the time of its first publication; and its sale is constantl...
-To Represent The Interests Of Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms. Part 2
From the Nashua (N. H.) Telegraph. 'Hill's Manual' is one of the most beautiful and useful books ever published. It is a book for everybody, man, woman and child. No one can fail to find much in it ...
-To Represent The Interests Of Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms. Part 3
In The West And South From the Chicago Evening Journal, March 8, 1876. The people of Aurora, 111., yesterday elected Thomas E. Hill mayor of their city, without opposition. The press and the people...
-Biographies Of Distinguished Actors, Warriors, Musicians, Scientists, Inventors, Financiers, Explorers, Religionists
Hill's Album OF A LARGE Pictorial Volume OF BIOGRAPHY AND ART. BIOGRAPHIES -OF- DISTINGUISHED POETS, ARTISTS, ORATORS, LAWYERS, WRITERS, STATESMEN, PHYSICIANS, SOVEREIGNS. Illustrated w...
-Biographies Of Distinguished Actors, Warriors, Musicians, Scientists. Part 2
For two years or more past, Mr. Hill has been of opinion that there existed room for another work besides the Manual, which should be equally popular and useful - and meet a demand as uni -versal a...
-Biographies Of Distinguished Actors, Warriors, Musicians, Scientists. Part 3
Must be Largely Sought and Highly Prized. [From the Penman's Art Journal, New York.] The subject-matter of the work, in its extent and skillful manner of presentation, bears unmistakable evidence o...









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